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Original Articles
Nephrology
Clinical efficacy of blood purification using a polymethylmethacrylate hemofilter for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis
Kiyohiko Kinjoh, Ryoji Nagamura, Yutaka Sakuda, Shoki Yamauchi, Hideta Takushi, Tadashi Iraha, Koji Idomari
Acute Crit Care. 2022;37(3):398-406.   Published online July 5, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2022.00192
  • 3,388 View
  • 188 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is a systemic inflammatory disease, and it can often complicate into acute kidney injury (AKI) and acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). This study aimed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of blood purification using a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) hemofilter.
Methods
We retrospectively examined 54 patients, who were diagnosed with SAP according to the Japanese criteria from January 2011 to December 2019.
Results
Of a total of 54 SAP patients, 26 patients progressively developed AKI and required continuous hemodialysis with a PMMA membrane hemofilter (PMMA-CHD). Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score were significantly higher in patients requiring PMMA-CHD than in patients not requiring hemodialysis. The lung injury scores were also significantly higher in patients requiring PMMA-CHD. Of the 26 patients, 16 patients developed ALI/ARDS and required mechanical ventilation. A total of seven patients developed severe ALI/ARDS and received additional intermittent hemodiafiltration using a PMMA hemofilter (PMMA-HDF). Although the length of intensive care unit stay was significantly longer in patients with severe ALI/ARDS, blood purification therapy was discontinued in all the patients. The survival rates at the time of discharge were 92.3% and 92.9% in patients with and without PMMA-CHD, respectively. These real mortality ratios were obviously lower than the estimated mortality ratios predicted by APACHE II scores.
Conclusions
These finding suggest that the blood purification using a PMMA hemofilter would be effective for the treatment of AKI and ALI/ARDS in SAP patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Retrospective Study on the Start and End of Continuous Hemodialysis using a Polymethylmethacrylate Hemofilter for Severe Acute Pancreatitis
    Kiyohiko Kinjoh, Ryoji Nagamura, Yutaka Sakuda
    Internal Medicine.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of the therapeutic efficiency and efficacy of blood purification in the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis
    Hongwei Huang, Zhongshi Huang, Menghua Chen, Ken Okamoto, Chiara Lazzeri
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(1): e0296641.     CrossRef
  • Enhancing Immune Protection in Hemodialysis Patients: Role of the Polymethyl Methacrylate Membrane
    Rossana Franzin, Alessandra Stasi, Gianvito Caggiano, Elena Squiccimarro, Vincenzo Losappio, Marco Fiorentino, Carlo Alfieri, Giovanni Stallone, Loreto Gesualdo, Giuseppe Castellano
    Blood Purification.2023; : 27.     CrossRef
Basic science and research
The effects of BMS-470539 on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury
Eun-A Jang, Jin-Young Kim, Tran Duc Tin, Ji-A Song, Seong-Heon Lee, Sang-Hyun Kwak
Acute Crit Care. 2019;34(2):133-140.   Published online May 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2019.00507
  • 7,625 View
  • 162 Download
  • 5 Web of Science
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Overactivation of inflammatory cells, including macrophages and neutrophils, is associated with acute lung injury. BMS-470539 is a selective agonist of melanocortin 1 receptor, which triggers the inhibition of proinflammatory responses, suppressing neutrophil infiltration and protecting tissue. This study evaluated the effects of BMS-470539 on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in a mouse model.
Methods
Mice received a subcutaneous injection of saline or BMS-470539 (18.47 mg/kg) 1 hour before an intratracheal injection of saline or lipopolysaccharide (20 μg). Mice were sacrificed to analyze the severity of pulmonary edema (lung wet-to-dry weight [W/D] ratio) and inflammatory responses (level of leukocytes, polymorphonuclear neutrophils [PMNs] and tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α] in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid [BALF]), and neutrophil infiltration (myeloperoxidase activity). TNF-α activation was also measured in neutrophils from bone marrow. Survival was investigated in a second-hit sepsis mouse model.
Results
BMS-470539 improved sepsis-induced pulmonary edema, as demonstrated by a decreased W/D ratio (5.76%±0.83% to 3.81%±0.86%, P<0.05). The inflammatory response also improved, as shown by decreased levels of leukocytes (551±116 to 357±86×10²/mm³, P<0.05), PMNs (51.52%±16.23% to 18.41%±7.25%, P<0.01), and TNF-α (550±338 to 128±52 pg/ml, P<0.01) in the BALF. BMS-470539 also improved the inflammatory response, as shown by TNF-α levels (850±158 to 423±59 pg/ml, P<0.01) in neutrophils. BMS-470539 downregulated neutrophil infiltration in the lung (myeloperoxidase: 654±98 to 218±89 U/g, P<0.001). Lastly, BMS improved the survival rate (0% to 70%, P<0.01) in a mice multiple organ failure model.
Conclusions
BMS-470539 improved lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury and mortality in mice by affecting the inflammatory response.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Exosomes Derived from ADSCs Attenuate Sepsis-Induced Lung Injury by Delivery of Circ-Fryl and Regulation of the miR-490-3p/SIRT3 Pathway
    Weijun Shen, Xuan Zhao, Shitong Li
    Inflammation.2022; 45(1): 331.     CrossRef
  • Dichotomous Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor in Pulmonary Barrier Function and Alveolar Fluid Clearance
    Rudolf Lucas, Yalda Hadizamani, Perenlei Enkhbaatar, Gabor Csanyi, Robert W. Caldwell, Harald Hundsberger, Supriya Sridhar, Alice Ann Lever, Martina Hudel, Dipankar Ash, Masuko Ushio-Fukai, Tohru Fukai, Trinad Chakraborty, Alexander Verin, Douglas C. Eato
    Frontiers in Physiology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • NDP-MSH treatment recovers marginal lungs during ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP)
    Caterina Lonati, Michele Battistin, Daniele E. Dondossola, Giulia A. Bassani, Daniela Brambilla, Riccardo Merighi, Patrizia Leonardi, Andrea Carlin, Marica Meroni, Alberto Zanella, Anna Catania, Stefano Gatti
    Peptides.2021; 141: 170552.     CrossRef
  • Antifibrotic and Anti-Inflammatory Actions of α-Melanocytic Hormone: New Roles for an Old Player
    Roshan Dinparastisaleh, Mehdi Mirsaeidi
    Pharmaceuticals.2021; 14(1): 45.     CrossRef
  • Activation of Melanocortin Receptors as a Potential Strategy to Reduce Local and Systemic Reactions Induced by Respiratory Viruses
    Caterina Lonati, Stefano Gatti, Anna Catania
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Case Report
Pulmonary
Lung injury associated with inhalation of effective microorganism blends
Jee-min Kim, Yoon Jin Kwak, Ho Il Yoon
Acute Crit Care. 2020;35(2):122-126.   Published online April 8, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2018.00332
  • 10,125 View
  • 122 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Since 2009, effective microorganisms (EMs) have been supplied by the local government to the citizens of Seongnam, Korea, for various environment-protective uses including manufacturing detergents, cosmetics and humidifier disinfectants. A 68-year-old man who had placed an EM blends into a humidifier for inhalation visited the emergency room with complaints of fever and dyspnea. He was in a shock state with hypoxia. Chest computed tomography revealed diffuse ground-glass opacities that were dominant in the bilateral upper lobes. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy was performed. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid analysis and biopsy findings were consistent with alveolar hemorrhage. All microbiological and virological test results were negative. His symptoms and radiographic opacities had improved markedly after several days of conservative care, and he was discharged healthy after 1 week of hospital stay.
Original Article
Basic science and research
Anti-inflammatory Role of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in an Acute Lung Injury Mouse Model
Jin Won Huh, Won Young Kim, Yun Young Park, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Mi-Jung Kim, Sang-Bum Hong
Acute Crit Care. 2018;33(3):154-161.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2018.00619
  • 6,253 View
  • 189 Download
  • 9 Web of Science
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) attenuate injury in various lung injury models through paracrine effects. We hypothesized that intratracheal transplantation of allogenic MSCs could attenuate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice, mediated by anti-inflammatory responses.
Methods
Six-week-old male mice were randomized to either the control or the ALI group. ALI was induced by intratracheal LPS instillation. Four hours after LPS instillation, MSCs or phosphate-buffered saline was randomly intratracheally administered. Neutrophil count and protein concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF); lung histology; levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and macrophage inflammatory protein-2; and the expression of proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), caspase-3, and caspase-9 were evaluated at 48 hours after injury.
Results
Treatment with MSCs attenuated lung injury in ALI mice by decreasing protein level and neutrophil recruitment into the BALF and improving the histologic change. MSCs also decreased the protein levels of proinflammatory cytokines including IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, but had little effect on the protein expression of PCNA, caspase-3, and caspase-9.
Conclusions
Intratracheal injection of bone marrow-derived allogenic MSCs attenuates LPSinduced ALI via immunomodulatory effects.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Effectiveness of Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Mixed with Platelet-Rich Plasma in the Healing of Inflammatory Bowel Anastomoses: A Pre-Clinical Study in Rats
    Georgios Geropoulos, Kyriakos Psarras, Maria Papaioannou, Vasileios Geropoulos, Argyri Niti, Christina Nikolaidou, Georgios Koimtzis, Nikolaos Symeonidis, Efstathios T. Pavlidis, Georgios Koliakos, Theodoros E. Pavlidis, Ioannis Galanis
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2024; 14(1): 121.     CrossRef
  • Cyclic Phytosphingosine-1-Phosphate Primed Mesenchymal Stem Cells Ameliorate LPS-Induced Acute Lung Injury in Mice
    Youngheon Park, Jimin Jang, Jooyeon Lee, Hyosin Baek, Jaehyun Park, Sang-Ryul Cha, Se Bi Lee, Sunghun Na, Jae-Woo Kwon, Seok-Ho Hong, Se-Ran Yang
    International Journal of Stem Cells.2023; 16(2): 191.     CrossRef
  • Mesenchymal stem cells and their derived exosomes to combat Covid–19
    Maryam Yousefi Dehbidi, Nima Goodarzi, Mohammad H. Azhdari, Mohammad Doroudian
    Reviews in Medical Virology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Stem Cell‐based therapies for COVID‐19‐related acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Hoi Wa Ngai, Dae Hong Kim, Mohamed Hammad, Margarita Gutova, Karen Aboody, Christopher D. Cox
    Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine.2022; 26(9): 2483.     CrossRef
  • Development of a physiomimetic model of acute respiratory distress syndrome by using ECM hydrogels and organ-on-a-chip devices
    Esther Marhuenda, Alvaro Villarino, Maria Narciso, Linda Elowsson, Isaac Almendros, Gunilla Westergren-Thorsson, Ramon Farré, Núria Gavara, Jorge Otero
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Advances in mesenchymal stromal cell therapy for acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Chang Liu, Kun Xiao, Lixin Xie
    Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Auxiliary role of mesenchymal stem cells as regenerative medicine soldiers to attenuate inflammatory processes of severe acute respiratory infections caused by COVID-19
    Peyvand Parhizkar Roudsari, Sepideh Alavi-Moghadam, Moloud Payab, Forough Azam Sayahpour, Hamid Reza Aghayan, Parisa Goodarzi, Fereshteh Mohamadi-jahani, Bagher Larijani, Babak Arjmand
    Cell and Tissue Banking.2020; 21(3): 405.     CrossRef
  • The Role of MSC Therapy in Attenuating the Damaging Effects of the Cytokine Storm Induced by COVID-19 on the Heart and Cardiovascular System
    Georgina M. Ellison-Hughes, Liam Colley, Katie A. O'Brien, Kirsty A. Roberts, Thomas A. Agbaedeng, Mark D. Ross
    Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Case Report
Cardiology/Anesthesiology
Early Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Massive Aspiration during Anesthesia Induction
Namo Kim, Kwan Hyung Kim, Jeong Min Kim, Su Youn Choi, Sungwon Na
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(2):109-114.   Published online May 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2015.30.2.109
  • 7,045 View
  • 92 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Although the incidence is not high in the general surgical population, pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents can result in serious long-term morbidity and mortality. We report a case of early use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to correct severe hypoxemia refractory to conventional mechanical ventilation in a patient with massive aspiration of gastric contents immediately followed by acute lung injury during general anesthesia induction. A 64-year-old woman diagnosed with stomach cancer was scheduled for elective diagnostic laparoscopy. Although there was no sign of gastrointestinal tract obstruction and midnight Nil per Os (NPO) was performed before the operation, pulmonary aspiration occurred during the induction of anesthesia. Despite the endotracheal intubation with mechanical ventilation, severe hypoxemia with hypercapnea persisted. Medical team agreed with applying veno-venous (VV) ECMO, and her blood gas analysis results became stable. ECMO was weaned successfully 9 days after the first aspiration event had occurred. Based on this case, early application of extracorporeal life support can have survival benefits.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Massive aspiration syndrome: a possible indication for “emergent” veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation?: a case report
    Emiliano Gamberini, Venerino Poletti, Emanuele Russo, Alessandro Circelli, Marco Benni, Giovanni Scognamiglio, Domenico Pietro Santonastaso, Costanza Martino, Linda Domenichini, Romina Biondi, Giorgia Bastoni, Etrusca Brogi, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccol
    Journal of Medical Case Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Therapy for Aspiration Pneumonia in a Patient following Left Pneumonectomy for Lung Cancer
    Jangwhan Jo, Yang Gi Ryu
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2016; 31(2): 156.     CrossRef
Original Article
Rebound Inflammation Associated with Rewarming from Hypothermia in an Endotoxin-Injured Lung
Chae Man Lim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(2):80-85.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.2.80
  • 2,586 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Hypothermia is known to suppress inflammation in various experimental and clinical settings. We wanted to investigate how the suppressed inflammation by hypothermia is affected during rewarming.
METHODS
Mice were being assigned to normothermia (37degrees C) or hypothermia (32degrees C). After 30 minutes at the assigned temperature, lipopolysaccharide was administered intratracheally. The mice were then randomly grouped and subjected to 4 hours of normothermia (N), 24 hours of normothermia (NN), 4 hours of hypothermia (H), or 4 hours of hypothermia followed by normothermia for the next 20 hours (HN). In another experiment, other HN mice were treated with varying doses of anti-TNF-alpha or anti-IL-1beta antibodies (0, 6.25, 12.5, 25, and 50 microg/250 microl) immediately prior to rewarming.
RESULTS
The neutrophil counts of BAL fluid (x104/ml) were 23.0 +/- 13.1 in the N, 6.4 +/- 3.1 in the H (p = 0.002 vs N), 20.4 +/- 10.2 in the NN, and 49.7 +/- 21.0 in the HN (p = 0.005 vs H; p < 0.001 vs NN). Myeloperoxidase activity of the lung (unit/microg) was 6.7 +/- 2.9, 7.9 +/- 1.9, 17.8 +/- 4.0 (p < 0.001 vs N), and 12.9 +/- 5.9 (p = 0.034 vs H, p = 0.028 vs NN), respectively. Compared with control HN, total WBC and neutrophil counts of mice treated with anti-TNF-alpha antibody or anti-IL-1beta antibody prior to rewarming were lower at all tested doses. The combination of both anti-TNF-alpha or anti-IL-1beta antibodies was not increasingly reducing the neutrophilic sequestration.
CONCLUSIONS
Rewarming from induced hypothermia resulted in augmentation of neutrophilic sequestration of endotoxin-injured lung. Treatment with antibodies against TNF-alpha or IL-1beta prevented this rebound of neutrophilic infiltration.
Case Report
Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury after Stored Packed Red Blood Cell Transfusion: A Case Report
Ho Hyun Kim, Dong Kyu Lee, Chan Yong Park, Jae Kyoon Ju, Jung Chul Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(2):141-145.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.2.141
  • 3,102 View
  • 37 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is the leading cause of transfusion-related mortalities. Each type of blood product is likely to cause TRALI. Patients with TRALI present with dyspnea/respiratory distress and fever. The symptoms, signs and chest radiological findings in TRALI are similar to transfusion associated circulatory overload. Therefore, it is difficult to distinguish such from circulatory overloads. We report a case of TRALI in a 49-year-old woman after stored packed red blood cell transfusion. The patient developed hypoxemia and pulmonary edema after packed red blood cell transfusion during postoperative period. The patient completely recovered after an oxygen support for 3 days.

Citations

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  • A Case Report of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury Induced in the Patient with HLA Antibody after Fresh Frozen Plasma Transfusion
    Ki Sul Chang, Dae Won Jun, Youngil Kim, Hyunwoo Oh, Min Koo Kang, Junghoon Lee, Intae Moon
    The Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion.2015; 26(3): 309.     CrossRef
Reviews
New Definition of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Je Hyeong Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(1):10-16.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.1.10
  • 3,662 View
  • 182 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common disorder associated with significant mortality and morbidity. The American-European Consensus Conference (AECC) definition of ARDS, established in 1994, has advanced the knowledge of ARDS by allowing the acquisition of clinical and epidemiological data, which in turn have led to improvements in care for patients with ARDS. However, after 18 years of applied research, a number of issues regarding various criteria of AECC definition have emerged. For these reason, and because all disease definitions should be reviewed periodically, the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine convened an international expert panel to revise the ARDS definition from September 30 to October 2, 2011, Berlin, Germany, with endorsement from American Thoracic Society and the Society of Critical Care Medicine. This consensus discussion, following empirical evaluation and consensus revision, addressed some of the limitations of the AECC definition by incorporating current data, physiologic concepts, and clinical trials to develop a new definition of ARDS (Berlin definition). The Berlin definition should facilitate case recognition and better match treatment options to severity in both the research trials and clinical practice.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Current status of treatment of acute respiratory failure in Korea
    Yong Jun Choi, Jae Hwa Cho
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2022; 65(3): 124.     CrossRef
  • The Utility of Non-Invasive Nasal Positive Pressure Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Near Drowning Patients
    June Hyeong Kim, Kyung Hoon Sun, Yong Jin Park
    Journal of Trauma and Injury.2019; 32(3): 136.     CrossRef
  • Case Series of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury in a Tertiary Hospital and a Practical Comparison with the New Diagnostic Criteria
    Kwang Seob Lee, Sinyoung Kim, Juhye Roh, Seung Jun Choi, Hyun Ok Kim
    The Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion.2019; 30(3): 219.     CrossRef
  • Application of the Berlin definition in children with acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Soo Yeon Kim, Yoon Hee Kim, In Suk Sol, Min Jung Kim, Seo Hee Yoon, Kyung Won Kim, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyu-Earn Kim
    Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease.2016; 4(4): 257.     CrossRef
Transfusion-related Acute Lung Injury
Miok Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):1-4.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.1
  • 2,774 View
  • 219 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a significant cause of iatrogenic injuries in patients. It is also the major cause of transfusion-associated fatalities. Pathophysiologic mechanism is an implicated donor of HLA. Neutrophil antibodies and biologic response modifiers are accumulated in the stored blood products. Pulmonary endothelial activation of the host may be the response from these mediators. Treatment is supportive and will be subjected to other forms of ALL/ARDS. Diverting donors at high risk for alloimmunization may decrease the incidence of such cases.

Citations

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  • Transfusion-related acute lung injury in a parturient diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome - A case report -
    Tae-Yun Sung, Young Seok Jee, Seok-jin Lee, Hwang Ju You, Ki Soon Jeong, Po-Soon Kang
    Anesthesia and Pain Medicine.2019; 14(1): 35.     CrossRef
  • Correlation between Allergic Rhinitis Prevalence and Immune Responses of Children in Ulsan: A Case-control Study
    Jiho Lee, Inbo Oh, Ahra Kim, Minho Kim, Chang sun Sim, Yangho Kim
    Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences.2015; 41(4): 249.     CrossRef
  • Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury after Stored Packed Red Blood Cell Transfusion - A Case Report -
    Ho-Hyun Kim, Dong-Kyu Lee, Chan-Yong Park, Jae-Kyoon Ju, Jung-Chul Kim
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(2): 141.     CrossRef
Case Reports
A Case of Acute Lung Injury after Transfusion during Cesarean Section: A Case Report
Hee Jong Lee, Mi Ae Jeong, Ji Seon Jeong, Min Kyu Han, Jong Hun Jun
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(3):184-187.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.3.184
  • 2,938 View
  • 52 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a serious complication following the transfusion of blood products. TRALI is under-diagnosed and under-reported because of a lack of awareness. TRALI occurs within 6 hours of transfusion in the majority of cases and its presentation is similar to other forms of acute lung injury. We report on the case of a 34-year-old pregnant woman who suffered from TRALI after transfusion during Cesarean section.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Transfusion-related acute lung injury in a parturient diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome - A case report -
    Tae-Yun Sung, Young Seok Jee, Seok-jin Lee, Hwang Ju You, Ki Soon Jeong, Po-Soon Kang
    Anesthesia and Pain Medicine.2019; 14(1): 35.     CrossRef
  • A Case Report of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury Induced in the Patient with HLA Antibody after Fresh Frozen Plasma Transfusion
    Ki Sul Chang, Dae Won Jun, Youngil Kim, Hyunwoo Oh, Min Koo Kang, Junghoon Lee, Intae Moon
    The Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion.2015; 26(3): 309.     CrossRef
  • Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury after Stored Packed Red Blood Cell Transfusion - A Case Report -
    Ho-Hyun Kim, Dong-Kyu Lee, Chan-Yong Park, Jae-Kyoon Ju, Jung-Chul Kim
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(2): 141.     CrossRef
  • A case of transfusion-related acute lung injury induced by anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies in acute leukemia
    Sun Mi Jin, Moon Ju Jang, Ji Young Huh, Myoung Hee Park, Eun Young Song, Doyeun Oh
    The Korean Journal of Hematology.2012; 47(4): 302.     CrossRef
Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage Subsequently Developed after Recovery from Severe Acute Lung Injury Caused by H1N1 Influenza Infection: A Case Report
Kyung Ah Lim, Ye Rym Lee, Soo Yeon Cho, Du Hwan Choe, Jae Soo Koh, Byoung Jun Lee, Hye Ryoun Kim, Cheol Hyeon Kim, Jae Cheol Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2010;25(4):271-275.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2010.25.4.271
  • 2,404 View
  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Severe acute lung injury (ALI), leading to respiratory failure caused by H1N1 infection, developed in a 34-year-old man during a work-up for non-small cell lung cancer. Although he fully recovered through instant treatment with oseltamivir, mechanical ventilation was required again, 7 days later, due to subsequent diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). Finally, his condition improved and he was able to move out of the intensive care unit. However, multiple pulmonary metastatic nodules appeared over a period of one month, suggesting the aggressive nature of lung cancer. Although he was discharged after chemotherapy, his prognosis seemed poor, considering the rapidity of growth of the lung cancer. It is important to recognize that DAH can occur after acute lung injury caused by influenza virus.
Original Articles
The Effect of Itraconazole Pretreatment in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury in Rats
Tae Rim Shin, Young Man Lee, Younsuck Koh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2010;25(3):149-154.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2010.25.3.149
  • 2,330 View
  • 16 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Despite the fact that a randomized controlled trial did not support the use of ketoconazole for treatment of acute lung injury (ALI), there is evidence that pretreatment with ketoconazole might prevent ALI in critically ill patients. An in vitro study showed, however, that itraconazole was a more potent inhibitor of thromboxane and leukotriene formation than was ketoconazole. We investigated the effect of itraconazole pretreatment in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI in rats.
METHODS
Twenty-one pathogen free, male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered either saline or LPS (5 mg/kg of body weight) intratracheally, with or without intraperitoneal pretreatment of itraconazole (2.5 mg/kg). Six hours after saline or LPS treatment (7 h after itraconazole pretreatment), samples were obtained.
RESULTS
Compared with the saline group, LPS group had increased total cell count, polymorphonuclear leukocyte differential count, protein, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and cytokines in BAL fluid. Itraconazole pretreatment decreased polymrphonuclear leukocyte differential count, protein and LDH in BAL fluid compared with those of LPS-treated rats without itraconazole pretreatment. Itraconazole pretreatment also decreased the elevated BAL fluid levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC) by LPS. There was, however, no difference in the BAL fluid tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) level in terms of itraconazole pretreatment in LPS-treated rats. Histopathologic features of LPS-induced ALI were attenuated by itraconazole pretreatment.
CONCLUSIONS
These results suggest that itraconazole pretreatment attenuated LPS-induced ALI in rats. Decreases in levels of IL-1beta and CINC would likely be associated with attenuation of LPS-induced ALI in rats by itraconazole pretreatment.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Itraconazole-Loaded Ufasomes: Evaluation, Characterization, and Anti-Fungal Activity against Candida albicans
    Sara M. Hashem, Mary K. Gad, Hend M. Anwar, Neveen M. Saleh, Rehab N. Shamma, Noha I. Elsherif
    Pharmaceutics.2022; 15(1): 26.     CrossRef
Physician Compliance with Tube Feeding Protocol Improves Nutritional and Clinical Outcomes in Acute Lung Injury Patients
Sungwon Na, Hosun Lee, Shin Ok Koh, Ai Soon Park, A Reum Han
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2010;25(3):136-143.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2010.25.3.136
  • 2,689 View
  • 20 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Nutrition delivery is frequently interrupted or delayed by physicians' ordering patterns. We conducted this study to investigate the effect of physician compliance with tube feeding (TF) protocol on the nutritional and clinical outcomes in acute lung injury (ALI) patients.
METHODS
After implementing a TF protocol, 71 ALI patients with mechanical ventilation (MV) for > or = 7 days were observed. A dietician assessed the nutritional status of the patients and established individualized nutrition plans according to the protocol. If the physicians followed the dietician's recommendation within 48 hours, the patients were classified under the compliant group (Group 1).
RESULTS
Forty patients (56.3%) were classified into Group 1. Prealbumin was comparable in both groups at ICU admission but higher in Group 1 at the time of discharge from the ICU (228 +/- 81 vs 157 +/- 77 mg/dl, p = 0.025). Nitrogen balance was only improved in Group 1. The time to reach calorie goal was shorter and non-feeding days were reduced in Group 1. The proportion of parenteral nutrition to nutritional support days was lower and delivered calories on the 4th and 7th day of TF were higher in Group 1 (p < 0.001). ICU mortality/stay and hospital mortality failed to show differences but hospital stay was prolonged in the noncompliant group (Group 2) (p = 0.023). Arterial oxygen tension and PaO2/FiO2 were maintained during the 1st week of ICU stay in Group 1 but were decreased in Group 2.
CONCLUSIONS
Physicians' compliance with the TF protocol contributed to the likelihood of nutritional improvement and a shorter hospital stay in ALI patients with prolonged MV.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nutritional Assessment of ICU Inpatients with Tube Feeding
    Yu-Jin Kim, Jung-Sook Seo
    Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association.2015; 21(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • Identifying Barriers to Implementing Nutrition Recommendations
    Nancy Stamp, Anne M. Davis
    Topics in Clinical Nutrition.2013; 28(3): 249.     CrossRef
Effect of the Neutrophil Elastase Inhibitor on Acute Lung Injury after Pulmonary Resection for Lung Cancer: A Preliminary Study
So Young Park, Sunghoon Park, Kyeongman Jeon, So Yeon Lim, Maeng Real Park, Sueah Kim, Jae Uk Song, Jhin Gook Kim, O Jung Kwon, Gee Young Suh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):124-128.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.124
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are the leading causes of death after lungresection. Neutrophil elastase is thought to be an important mediator in the pathogenesis of ALI. Sivelestat is a new neutrophil elastase inhibitor which may improve the outcome in patients with ALI/ARDS after lung resection. The objective of this study was to determine whether or not sivelestat can reduce mortality in patients with ALI after pulmonary resection for lung cancer.
METHODS
This study was a retrospective case-control study of twenty three patients who developed ALI/ARDS within seven days of lung resection for lung cancer. The control group (n = 12) received standard care, while the sivelestat group (n = 11) received a continuous infusion of sivelestat (0.2 mg/kg/hr) for seven days in addition to standard care.
RESULTS
There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics between the control and sivelestat groups, except for heart rate. Six of twelve patients (50%) in the control group survived, while seven of twelve patients (64%) survived in the sivelestat group (p = 0.34). There was also no significant difference between the two groups in the progression to ARDS. In the sivelelestat group, survivors had lower APACHE II and SOFA scores than the patients in the control group.
CONCLUSIONS
There was no additional effect of a neutrophil elastase inhibitor in the treatment of ALI after pulmonary resection for lung cancer.
Review
The Role of the Coagulation and Fibrinolytic Pathway in Acute Lung Injury
Sang Hyun Kwak
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(2):53-58.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.2.53
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common, life-threatening cause of acute respiratory failure, which is ultimately caused by a variety of local and systemic insults. Alterations in the coagulation and fibrinolysis profiles are present in almost all the patients suffering with ALI. The classic histologic findings in ALI patients include alveolar fibrin formation and microthrombi in the pulmonary vasculature. Decreased circulating levels of protein C and increased concentrations of thrombomodulin are present in patients with septic and nonseptic ALI. The circulating and pulmonary concentrations of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) are increased in the setting of ALI, and the degree of elevation in the PAI-1 level directly correlates with mortality. The need for new specific therapies has led a number of investigators to examine the role of altered coagulation and fibrinolysis in the pathogenesis of ALI. This review summarizes the current understanding of coagulation and fibrinolysis in ALI with an emphasis on the pathways that could be potential therapeutic targets, including the tissue factor pathway, the protein C pathway and the modulation of fibrinolysis via plasminogen activator inhibitor-1.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care