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Volume 26 (4); November 2011
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Review
ICU Acquired Weakness
Sung Won Na, Shin Ok Koh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):203-207.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.203
  • 2,097 View
  • 50 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Critical care has focused on recovery from acute organ failure and resuscitation. Neuromuscular abnormalities related to critical illness is not uncommon in critically ill patients, but they were relatively underestimated and unnoticed. Intensive care unit acquired weakness (ICUAW) leading to severe functional impairments in ICU survivors can be divided into two disease entities: critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) and critical illness myopathy (CIM). Electrophysiologic study, muscle biopsy and physical examination are helpful to diagnose ICUAW. Several researches and reviews identified many risk factors including systemic inflammation, corticosteroids, hyperglycemia, and immobility. Additional research is needed to identify the pathogenesis of this disorder and to testify its preventive or therapeutic modalities.
Original Article
Ventriculostomy-related Infections in the Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit: The Risk Factors and the Outcomes
Jung Hwan Lee, Seung Heon Cha, Jae Il Lee, Dong Wan Kang, Jun Kyoung Ko, In Ho Han, Won Ho Cho, Byung Kwan Choi, Chang Hwa Choi
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):208-211.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.208
  • 2,061 View
  • 21 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
This study was performed to analyze the risk factors for ventriculostomy-related infections (VRIs) in the neurosurgical intensive care unit (NSICU) and the relationship between these risk factors and the patients' outcomes.
METHODS
We collected demographic, clinical, laboratory and microbiological data from all 146 consecutive adult patients who underwent ventriculostomy in the NSICU from January 2007 to December 2008. We excluded patients with ventriculostomy performed for the draining of intraventricular abscess, infection of ventriculoperitoneal shunt (V-P shunt) or previous ventriculitis. VRI was defined by positive culture from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) obtained via the ventricular catheter.
RESULTS
VRIs were diagnosed in 26 (17.8%) of 146 patients. On average, the patients with VRIs stayed longer in the NSICU than patients without VRIs (mean duration 20 days vs. 11.9 days). All VRIs occurred in patients who had a low Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) IV score. In addition, the duration required to maintain ventriculostomy was longer in patients with VRIs. However, sex, mortality, the cause of ventriculosotmy, the level of consciousness, combined systemic infections, number of catheters, and performing urokinase irrigation or antibiotics irrigation via the ventriculostomy catheter were not associated with VRIs.
CONCLUSIONS
VRIs were associated with longer ICU stay. However, VRIs did not influence the overall mortality rate of patients undergoing ventriculostomy in the NSICU. Because the long duration required for maintaining ventriculostomy was the risk factor of VRI, early removal of ventriculostomy catheter must be considered.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Ventriculostomy related infection in intensive care unit: Diagnostic criteria and related conditions
    Sergio Castaño Ávila, Esther Corral Lozano, Javier Maynar Moliner, Fernando Fonseca San Miguel, Elena Usón García, Yolanda Poveda Hernández, Sara Cabañes Daro-Francés, Goiatz Balziskueta Flórez, Noemi Legaristi Martínez, Amaia Quintano Rodero, Ana Tejero
    Journal of Acute Disease.2016; 5(2): 143.     CrossRef
Randomized Controlled Trial
The Analgesic Effect of Remifentanil on Propofol Injection Pain
Younghoon Jeon, Min Je Choi, Choon Hak Lim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):212-216.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.212
  • 2,008 View
  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Pain is a common side-effect of propofol injection. A remifentanil pretreatment has been reported to decrease the incidence and intensity of pain during a propofol injection and has been suggested to act through a central or peripheral effect. This trial was designed to explore the action site of remifentanil on reducing propofol injection pain, using the venous occlusion technique and a time interval between the applications of remifentanil and propofol.
METHODS
This randomized, double-blind study was designed to explore the action site of remifentanil on reducing propofol injection pain in 200 patients scheduled for elective surgery. The peripheral properties were examined using the venous occlusion technique for 30 s while a 1 min time interval between remifentanil and propofol injections was allowed for the central effect. Before the propofol injection, group A was pretreated with remifentanil (0.5 microg/ kg) with a venous occlusion, group B with remifentanil and a 1 min interval, and group C with remifentanil with a venous occlusion and a 1 min interval. Pain severity was assessed using a four-point scale.
RESULTS
40 patients (80%) complained of pain in the placebo group compared with 35 (70%) in group A, 20 (40%) in group B (p < 0.05) and 17 (34%) in group C (p < 0.05). The incidence and severity of propofol injection pain were lower in groups B and C than in group A (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between groups B and C.
CONCLUSIONS
The remifentanil mediated analgesic effect occurs mainly through the central effect.
Original Articles
The S100B Protein Could Be Used as Adjuvant Diagnostic Tool in Acute Ischemic Stroke
Min Hee Jung, Dong Hoon Lee, Chan Woong Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):217-220.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.217
  • 1,885 View
  • 24 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
In the emergency department, the diagnosis of ischemic stroke is difficult because the diagnostic modalities are limited to non-contrast brain CT and neurologic examination. Serum S100B protein, a bio-marker for ischemic stroke, is needed as an additional diagnostic aid in acute ischemic stroke.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed 50 patients diagnosed with ischemic stroke between August 2007 and December 2008 by brain MRI after brain CT and serum S100B measurement in the emergency department. The serum levels of S100B protein were analyzed and the diagnostic sensitivity of non-contrast brain CT combined with abnormal elevation of S100B protein was compared with that of non-contrast brain CT alone.
RESULTS
The overall sensitivity of non-contrast brain CT in the diagnosis of ischemia was 54%. S100B protein in early ischemia had a sensitivity of 58%. However, combining non-contrast brain CT and S100B increased the sensitivity to 74%.
CONCLUSIONS
A biomarker-based diagnostic test would not replace the necessity for CT or other early imaging studies, and before contemplating any reperfusion strategy, neuro-imaging must be performed to rule out intracranial hemorrhage. However, S100B protein, a serum bio-marker, is able to help emergency physicians evaluate patients with suspected ischemic stroke and decide on treatment.
Prediction of Mortality in Patients with Acute Paraquat Intoxication Using Simplified Acute Physiology Score II
Young yeol You, Younggi Min, Junghwan Ahn, Sang Cheon Choi, Yeonho Shin, Yoonseok Jung, Eunjung Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):221-225.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.221
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The prognosis of paraquat intoxication patients is poor and this makes the prediction of mortality important in administering aggressive treatment and admission. This article investigates the usefulness of simplified acute physiology score II (SAPS II), as a predictor of the mortality in paraquat intoxication.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed 65 patients who were admitted in one hospital between January in 2005 and December in 2010. We calculated their SAPS II, serum paraquat level, and severity index of paraquat poisoning (SIPP) at the time of intensive care unit (ICU) admission. We investigated the relationship between each systems and the mortality.
RESULTS
Overall mortality was 73.8%: 48 out of 65 patients died. Non-survived group (n = 48) had a higher SAPS II score (30.44 +/- 15.99) than survived group (n = 17 [15.7 +/- 6.26], p < 0.001). Serum paraquat level and SIPP were significantly higher in non-survived group than in survived group (p < 0.05, in all comparisons). By using the area under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC), the SAPS II system yielded equal discriminative power (AUC = 0.82) with serum paraquat level (AUC = 0.896) and SIPP (AUC = 0.865). Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test C indicated SAPS II score validated well in paraquat intoxication group (p = 0.33).
CONCLUSIONS
Serum paraquat level is the best way for prediction of mortality in patients with acute paraquat intoxication. If checking serum paraquat level is impossible or delayed, SAPS II score can be an alternative tool for evaluating the prognosis in paraquat intoxication.
Prediction of Prognosis for Children Cared in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)
Hye Sun Choi, Eun Jung Lee, Jae Wook Lee, Pil Sang Jang, Nack Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Hack Ki Kim, Dae Chul Jeong
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):226-231.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.226
  • 1,848 View
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Pediatric Index of Mortality 2 (PIM2) is a useful scoring system for the prediction of prognosis, and Oncological Pediatric Risk of Mortality (O-PRISM) for ICU support in children with HSCT. We investigated prognostic prediction and risk factors for survival through early detection of admission to ICU after HSCT.
METHODS
We reviewed retrospectively medical records of children cared for in ICU after HSCT between 2004 and 2010. Patients who died within 2 hours after admittance to ICU were excluded. We analyzed the worst parameters in ICU by a t-test, Cox-regression, multiple logistic regression and a receiver operating characteristics curve (ROC).
RESULTS
54 children, with fifty-five disease events, were admitted to ICU after HSCT. Sixteen children were diagnosed with high-risk disease status and 8 with non-malignant diseases. Stem cells were sourced from 14 matched siblings, 22 unrelated donors and 19 cord bloods. The median duration in ICU was 8.5 days (0.5-110). The reasons for admission to ICU were 32 pulmonary, 14 neurologic, and 9 hemodynamic events. Six patients (11.1%) survived after intensive care. The factor indicating discharge with survival was mental status (p = 0.04), although other factors included FiO2, prothrombin time, potassium, and pupil reflex in univariate analysis. In multiple logistic regression, there were significant factors of PaCO2 (p = 0.028), O-PRISM (p = 0.039), and PIM2 (p = 0.004) for prognosis. For prediction of prognosis, O-PRISM (p = 0.019) was superior to PIM2 (p = 0.435) in intensive care children after HSCT.
CONCLUSIONS
O-PRISM might be a predictable scoring system for children with ICU support, and the Glasgow coma scale and PaCO2 were more reliable prognostic factors in the post-HSCT period.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prognostic factors of pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit
    Da Hyun Kim, Eun Ju Ha, Seong Jong Park, Kyung-Nam Koh, Hyery Kim, Ho Joon Im, Won Kyoung Jhang
    Acute and Critical Care.2021; 36(4): 380.     CrossRef
Validation of APACHE II Score and Comparison of the Performance of APACHE II and Adjusted APACHE II Models in a Surgical Intensive Care Unit
Hannnah Lee, Eun Young Choi, Yoon Hee Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):232-237.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.232
  • 2,130 View
  • 48 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The ability to accurately adjust for the severity of illness in outcome studies of critically ill patients is essential for clinical audits and trials. Several studies have been carried out to validate the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE II) score in Korean ICUs. However, few reports have been presented that compare the performance of the APACHE II score and diagnostic category weighted APACHE II models in the surgical ICU population of Korea. The aim of this study was to validate APACHE II and compare the performance of the APACHE II and adjusted APACHE II models for emergency admission in a surgical intensive care unit (SICU) population.
METHODS
A retrospective analysis of the prospective ICU registry was conducted in the SICU between October 2007 and February 2011. Calibration and discrimination were determined by the Hosmer-Lemeshow test and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUC) curve from patients.
RESULTS
This study included 854 patients. SICU mortality was 9.4%. For APACHE II and adjusted APACHE II, AUCs were 0.791 and 0.757, respectively. Hosmer and Lemeshow C statistics showed good calibration for APAHCE II and for adjusted APACHE II (p > 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS
The ability of the APACHE II system in predicting group outcome is validated in a surgical ICU population by a receiver operating characteristic curve and logistic regression analysis. Mortality rates predicted using APACHE II exhibited good calibration and moderate discrimination. Diagnostic category weighted adjusted APACHE II did not improve the mortality prediction.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Acute Physiologic and Chronic Health Examination II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Scores for Predicting Outcomes of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients Treated with Therapeutic Hypothermia
    Sung Joon Kim, Yong-Su Lim, Jin Seong Cho, Jin Joo Kim, Won Bin Park, Hyuk Jun Yang
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2014; 29(4): 288.     CrossRef
Atelectasis and the Risk Factors in the Patients Admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Woo Jin Chung, Jae Wook Choi, Young Ju Han, Ju Kyung Lee, Dong In Suh, Young Yull Koh, June Dong Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):238-244.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.238
  • 2,752 View
  • 47 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Atelectasis is a state of a collapsed and non-aerated region of the lung parenchyma, which is otherwise normal. This condition is usually associated with pulmonary disorders. The purpose of this study is to analyze the incidence and risk factors of atelectasis in patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).
METHODS
We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and chest radiography of 280 PICU patients under 18 years old. We analyzed the incidence and pattern of atelectasis and compared the incidence according to the phase and mode of mechanical ventilation. We compared the incidence of ventilator care need and respiratory disease in 93 atelectasis patients.
RESULTS
Atelectasis incidence was 33.2%. The age (4.9 +/- 4.4 years) was younger and the admission-duration (17.8 +/- 25.1 days) was significantly longer in atelectasis patients (p < 0.01). Ventilator care need and respiratory disease in atelectasis patients (86.0%, 66.7% respectively) was significantly higher than in non-atelectasis patients (62.6%, 43.3% respectively) (p < 0.01). Atelectasis incidence in ventilator-required patients and respiratory-diagnosed patients (40.6%, 43.4% respectively) was significantly higher than that in non ventilator-required patients and non respiratory-diagnosed patients (15.7%, 22.6% respectively) (p < 0.01). Atelectasis was more common in the right upper lobe (55.6%) and during or after ventilator care (62.6%) (p < 0.05). Atelectasis incidence in ventilator care did not differ between the assist-control and intermittent mandatory ventilation modes.
CONCLUSIONS
In the PICU, atelectasis incidence was higher in patients with ventilator care and respiratory disease. Atelectasis was more common in the right upper lobe and in the phase after ventilator initiation. Atelectasis incidence in ventilator care did not differ between ventilation modes.
Randomized Controlled Trial
Central Venous Catheter-related Infection in Major Burn Patients: Comparison of Subclavian Vein and Femoral Vein
Young Ho Jang, Yong Hoon Son, Sang Kyu Kim, Joon Mo Park, Mi Young Lee, Jin Mo Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):245-249.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.245
  • 3,399 View
  • 48 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
A central venous catheter (CVC) is usually inserted in patients with severe burns and the selection of the CVC is often difficult due to widespread burned skin. We investigated the incidences of colonization and catheter-related blood stream infection (CRBSI) according to the insertion site of the CVC in major burn patients METHODS: In 63 adult massive burn patients in the intensive care unit, 93 CVCs (47 polyurethane standard CVCs and 46 Oligon anti-mocrobial CVCs) were randomly inserted via the subclavian vein (SCV group, n = 66) or femoral vein (FEV group, n = 27). All catheter tips removed were routinely cultured. Bacterial findings from the burn wound and peripheral blood were also monitored in all patients RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the average insertion length of the CVC (14.3 +/- 6.8 days in SCV and 13.6 +/- 3.8 days in FEV) between the two groups. There were no significant differences in CVC colonization (48.5% in SCV and 63.0% in FEV) and CRBSI (7.6% in SCV and 11.1% in FEV) between the two groups. Logistic analysis found that the use of polyurethane standard CVC is significantly associated with increased risk of CVC colonization (odds ratio = 2.68) CONCLUSIONS: The placement of the CVC via the femoral vein does not increase the incidence of CVC colonization in massive burn patients. The use of Oligon anti-microbial CVC may be helpful to reduce CVC colonization in major burn patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • An Ounce of Prevention Saves Tons of Lives: Infection in Burns
    Nishant Merchant, Karen Smith, Marc G. Jeschke
    Surgical Infections.2015; 16(4): 380.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Procalcitonin as a Prognosis Marker for the Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Patients in Emergency Department
Seung Woon Choi, Hoon Kim, Kyung Hwan Kim, Dong Wun Shin, Jun Seok Park, Jun Young Roh, Jun Min Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):250-255.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.250
  • 2,415 View
  • 25 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Advance in sepsis management has increased the survival of patients with sepsis. However, severe sepsis and septic shock patients still have high mortality. We intend to verify the use of the procalcitonin (PCT) level as a prognosis marker in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in the emergency department (ED).
METHODS
ED Patients with severe sepsis or septic shock were enrolled in our study. We used mortality and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) days as a prognosis index, and compared the PCT level in survivors and non-survivors. We introduced the simplified acute physiology score 3(SAPS3) to assess the severity of the patients and analyzed whether or not the PCT level correlated with the severity index.
RESULTS
The PCT level in septic shock patients [7.36 (0.92-33.69, IQR)] was higher than that in severe sepsis patients [3.24 (0.36-10.53, IQR)] (p = 0.04). However, there was no significant PCT level difference between survivors [median (IQR), 6.59 (0.60-29.25)] and non-survivors [median (IQR), 3.49 (0.40-20.41)] (p = 0.293). The SAPS3 score was higher in the non-survivor group [median (IQR), 64 (59.0-71.5)] than in the survivor group [median (IQR), 77 (68.5-82.0)] (p = 0.001). The PCT level did not correlate with either ICU days or hospital days.
CONCLUSIONS
Using the PCT level as a prognosis factor in severe sepsis and septic shock patients in ED has little value.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Procalcitonin as a prognostic marker for sepsis: a prospective observational study
    Saransh Jain, Sanjeev Sinha, Surendra K Sharma, J C Samantaray, Praveen Aggrawal, Naval Kishore Vikram, Ashutosh Biswas, Seema Sood, Manish Goel, Madhuchhanda Das, Sreenivas Vishnubhatla, Nawaid Khan
    BMC Research Notes.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
High-frequency Chest Wall Oscillation Therapy: Clinical Effectiveness in the Patients with Pulmonary Contusion
Dae Sup Lee, Sung Wook Park, Suk Ran Yeom, Sang Kyoon Han, Sung Hwa Lee, Ji Ho Ryu
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):256-260.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.256
  • 2,538 View
  • 43 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Pulmonary contusion is the most common pulmonary parenchymal injury in blunt chest trauma and may constitute a life-threatening thoracic injury. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of high-frequency chest wall oscillation (HFCWO) therapy in patients with pulmonary contusion.
METHODS
Patients with lung contusion either received HFCWO therapy using the Vest system (Vest group; n = 18) or received conventional chest physiotherapy (non-Vest group; n = 23). The physiological parameters of the patients, length of stay in hospital and ICU, and the duration of mechanical ventilation were compared between the two groups. Variables, including pulmonary contusion score, percentage of patients receiving mechanical ventilation therapy, and PaO2/FiO2 ratio, were also analyzed.
RESULTS
The pulmonary contusion score was higher in the Vest group (p < 0.01), and mechanical ventilation was used more frequently in the Vest group (p = 0.027). Improvement in the PaO2/FiO2 ratio over the first 48 h did not differ between the Vest and Non-Vest groups. No significant differences in the physiological parameters, hospital and ICU stays, and duration of mechanical ventilation were observed between the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS
The therapeutic effect of the Vest system in patients with pulmonary contusion was similar to that of conventional chest physiotherapy. Therefore, the Vest system could be considered as an airway clearance technique in the management of patients with pulmonary contusion.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comparative Study of High Frequency Chest Wall Oscillation and Traditional Chest Physical Therapy in Intensive Care Unit Patients
    Yu-Ping Lin, Heng-Hsin Tung, Tsae-Jyy Wang
    Journal of Comprehensive Nursing Research and Care.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
Safety and Feasibility of Percutaneous Tracheostomy Performed by Medical Intensivists
Hongseok Yoo, So Yeon Lim, Chi Min Park, Gee Young Suh, Kyeongman Jeon
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):261-266.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.261
  • 2,648 View
  • 39 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Tracheostomy is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in the intensive care unit (ICU). After its introduction, percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) has been recognized in western countries as a reliable alternative to surgical tracheostomy. However, data on the safety and feasibility of PDT performed by medical intensivists are limited in Korea.
METHODS
To evaluate the safety and feasibility of PDT performed by medical intensivists and to compare with those of surgical tracheostomy (ST), we retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of all prospectively registered patients who underwent either PDT or ST in medical ICU from December 2010 to July 2011.
RESULTS
A total of 81 patients underwent tracheostomy over the study period: PDT in 56 (69%) and ST in 25 (31%). One patient in whom major bleeding developed during PDT underwent ST as a substitute for PDT. There were no differences in the demographics, laboratory findings, and parameters of mechanical ventilation between the two groups. Procedure time was significantly shorter in the PDT group (20 [IQR 18-30] min) than that in the ST group (38 [27.5-57.5] min) (p < 0.001). The major complication observed in 24 hours after PDT was bleeding in 6 (11%) patients of the PDT group and 4 (16%) patients of the ST group (p = 0.489). However, surgical interventions for major bleeding were required in 2 patients who underwent.
CONCLUSIONS
PDT performed by medical intensivists was safe and feasible. However, immediate surgical assistance should be available when required.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Safety and Feasibility of Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy Performed by a Neurointensivist Compared with Conventional Surgical Tracheostomy in Neurosurgery Intensive Care Unit
    John Kwon, Yong Oh Kim, Jeong-Am Ryu
    Journal of Neurointensive Care.2019; 2(2): 64.     CrossRef
  • Safety and Feasibility of Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy in the Neurocritical Care Unit
    Dong Hyun Lee, Jin-Heon Jeong
    Journal of Neurocritical Care.2018; 11(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Is Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy Safe to Perform in the Intensive Care Unit?
    Jae Hwa Cho
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2014; 29(2): 57.     CrossRef
  • Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy in Critically Ill Patients Taking Antiplatelet Agents
    Sung-Jin Nam, Ji Young Park, Hongyeul Lee, Taehoon Lee, Yeon Joo Lee, Jong Sun Park, Ho Il Yoon, Jae Ho Lee, Choon-Taek Lee, Young-Jae Cho
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2014; 29(3): 183.     CrossRef
  • Safety and Feasibility of Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy Performed by Intensive Care Trainee
    Daesang Lee, Chi Ryang Chung, Sung Bum Park, Jeong-Am Ryu, Joongbum Cho, Jeong Hoon Yang, Chi-Min Park, Gee Young Suh, Kyeongman Jeon
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2014; 29(2): 64.     CrossRef
  • A Case of Laryngeal Mask Airway-Assisted Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy
    Ji Young Park, Taehoon Lee, Hongyeul Lee, Jae Ho Lee, Choon-Taek Lee, Young-Jae Cho
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(3): 184.     CrossRef
Case Reports
A Case of Massive Pulmonary Thromboembolism Associated with Ramsay Hunt Syndrome: A Case Report
Jong Hoo Lee, Seong Joo Koh, Gil Myeong Seong, Miok Kim, Jae Chun Lee, Sang Hoon Han, Jay Chol Choi, Yee Hyung Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):267-271.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.267
  • 2,585 View
  • 65 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Ramsay Hunt syndrome associated with the Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection is characterized by vesicles on the pinna, otalgia, facial nerve palsy and sensorineural hearing loss. Although significant complications from VZV infection are increasing, thrombosis associated with VZV infection is one of the rare complications in adults. The VZV itself could cause endothelial damage in the various organs. Subsequently, the thrombosis might be complicated. A previously healthy 84 year-old female patient was diagnosed with Ramsay Hunt syndrome. On the 7th day of antiviral treatment, she complained of sudden breathlessness. She was hypoxemic with an elevated alveolar-arterial oxygen difference and needed to be supported by mechanical ventilation. Massive pulmonary thrombosis was documented by computerized tomography and she successfully underwent thrombolytic therapy. We report a case of massive pulmonary thromboembolism associated with VZV infection, treated with thrombolytic therapy.
Multiple Bilateral Perfusion Defects in the Infant with Acute Viral Bronchiolitis: A Case Report
Woo Jin Chung, Jae Wook Choi, Young Ju Han, June Dong Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):272-275.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.272
  • 1,996 View
  • 13 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB) is an obstructive lung disease which frequently develops in infants and the most common functional involvement is a V/Q ratio change caused by small airway obstruction. We report a case showing the redistribution of pulmonary blood flow by multiple perfusion scan defects in an infant with AVB. A 15 month-old male infant visited ER due to respiratory difficulty. He manifested decreased lung sound in the left lung field, hyperinflation of the left lung on chest x-ray, and metabolic acidosis in blood gas analysis. A perfusion scan showed multiple perfusion defects of both lungs without the evidence of pulmonary embolism on a following cardiac CT and echocardiography. Human Rhinovirus PCR in a nasopharyngeal aspirate was positive. With supportive care, the symptom was resolved in 4 days. AVB can show multiple perfusion defects by the redistribution of pulmonary blood flow of which the direction is opposite to the usual distribution of pulmonary blood flow in children.
Ventricular Fibrillation Soon after Endobronchial Epinephrine Application in a Young Man: A Case Report
Young Min Shin, Jong Hyung Kim, Hyung Wook Kim, Bo Sik Choi, Jin Gyu Jeong, Jung Won Hwang, Kwang Won Seo, Jong Joon Ahn, Seung Won Ra
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):276-280.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.276
  • 2,152 View
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest rarely occur after local application of epinephrine. Local and superficial application of epinephrine is a common hemostatic method during bronchoscopy, especially after biopsies. Although high plasma levels following endobronchial application of epinephrine have been observed in previous animal studies, there is no report of ventricular fibrillation after a usual dose of endobronchial application of epinephrine during bronchoscopy. We present a case of endobronchial epinephrine-induced ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest in a 31-year-old man with no previous history of cardiac disease.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Stress Related Cardiomyopathy during Flexible Bronchoscopy
    Jung Ar Shin, Ji Yoon Ha, Sang Yong Kim, Byoung Kwon Lee, Hyung Jung Kim, Chul Min Ahn, Yoon Soo Chang
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(2): 127.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care