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Volume 27 (1); February 2012
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Review
Transfusion-related Acute Lung Injury
Miok Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):1-4.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.1
  • 2,194 View
  • 210 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a significant cause of iatrogenic injuries in patients. It is also the major cause of transfusion-associated fatalities. Pathophysiologic mechanism is an implicated donor of HLA. Neutrophil antibodies and biologic response modifiers are accumulated in the stored blood products. Pulmonary endothelial activation of the host may be the response from these mediators. Treatment is supportive and will be subjected to other forms of ALL/ARDS. Diverting donors at high risk for alloimmunization may decrease the incidence of such cases.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Transfusion-related acute lung injury in a parturient diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome - A case report -
    Tae-Yun Sung, Young Seok Jee, Seok-jin Lee, Hwang Ju You, Ki Soon Jeong, Po-Soon Kang
    Anesthesia and Pain Medicine.2019; 14(1): 35.     CrossRef
  • Correlation between Allergic Rhinitis Prevalence and Immune Responses of Children in Ulsan: A Case-control Study
    Jiho Lee, Inbo Oh, Ahra Kim, Minho Kim, Chang sun Sim, Yangho Kim
    Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences.2015; 41(4): 249.     CrossRef
  • Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury after Stored Packed Red Blood Cell Transfusion - A Case Report -
    Ho-Hyun Kim, Dong-Kyu Lee, Chan-Yong Park, Jae-Kyoon Ju, Jung-Chul Kim
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(2): 141.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Effect of Cardiac Arrest Team Training Using Script on the Quality of Simulated Resuscitation
Mao Lung Sun, Hyun Jong Kim, Sung Phil Chung, Hahn Shick Lee, Wen Joen Chang
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):5-9.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.5
  • 1,977 View
  • 28 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of simulated resuscitation between the conventional simulation training group and the script based training group.
METHODS
This was a retrospective analysis of video clips from a previous study of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) team simulation training. A total of eighty-four video clips were analyzed. Each video clip belonged to either the conventional group or the script group, of either pre-training or post-training. One of the authors analyzed all the video clips. The qualities of resuscitation team plays were compared in terms of the hands-on compression time, the interval to meaningful measures and the number of utterances of the team leader and members.
RESULTS
The hands-on time of the conventional group improved after training whereas that of the script group deteriorated (22.2 vs -7.0 sec, p = 0.009). The time to defibrillation also improved in the conventional group whereas that of the script group deteriorated (-24.0 vs 33.0 sec, p = 0.002). There were no differences in the utterances of team leaders and members between groups and between pre- and post-training.
CONCLUSIONS
This study suggested that the effect of script-based training on quality of CPR was less useful than that of conventional training using simulation and debriefing. Therefore, CPR team training using a script alone should not be recommended.
The Utility of Serum Procalcitonin Levels in the Management of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome in the Emergency Department
Kyung Hye Park, Kang Hyun Lee, Kyoung Chul Cha, Hyun Kim, Sung Oh Hwang
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):10-15.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.10
  • 2,444 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aim of this study was to investigate whether obtaining serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) helps the differential diagnosis between sepsis and non-sepsis and predicts disease severity in the emergency department (ED).
METHODS
This prospective study enrolled 132 consecutive adult patients with SIRS who visited the ED. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and serum PCT levels were compared between sepsis and non-sepsis groups upon ED admission. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score (MODS), and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) III scores were calculated, and their correlations with CRP and PCT levels were evaluated. The PCT and CRP levels were assessed to predict sepsis in terms of comparing receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.
RESULTS
Eighty patients were included in the sepsis group. The levels of PCT and CRP in the sepsis group were significantly higher. In the sepsis group, the initial serum PCT correlated with the SOFA and MODS scores, and this also correlated in the non-sepsis group, but CRP did not. No differences were found when the PCT and CRP ROCs were compared.
CONCLUSIONS
Correlation between PCT and severity in the non-sepsis group is considered to be clinically meaningless because of low levels. Additionally, PCT levels had similar diagnostic value for sepsis as CRP levels. PCT is recommended for prediction of severity in sepsis patients in ED, but not for differential diagnosis between sepsis and non-sepsis.
Medical Residents' Perception and Emotional Stress on Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Therapy
Jae Young Moon, Hee Young Lee, Chae Man Lim, Younsuck Koh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):16-23.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.16
  • 2,335 View
  • 30 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
In order to promote the dignity of terminal patients, and improve end-of-life care (EOL care) in Korea, consensus guidelines to the withdrawal of life-sustaining therapies (LST) were published in October, 2009. The aim of this study was to assess the current perception of the guideline among internal medicine residents and to identify barriers to the application of the guidelines.
METHODS
The study was designed prospectively on the basis of data from e-mail survey. We surveyed 98 medical residents working in 19 medical centers.
RESULTS
75.5% of respondents agreed with withdrawing (WD) of LST and 33.3% (33/98) of respondents were unaware of the guideline. Although 58.1% of all respondents had taken an EOL care class in medical school, about 30% of residents did feel uncomfortable with communicating with patients and surrogates. The most important obstacle for decision of WD of LST was the resident's psychological stress. 39.8% of medical residents felt guilty or failure after a patient's death, and 41.8% became often or always depressed in a patient's dying.
CONCLUSIONS
In order to protect and enhance the dignity and autonomy of terminal patients, the improvement of the medical training program in the hospitals and the more concern of educational leaders are urgent.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Effects of South Korean Social Workers' Professional Resources on their Understanding of a Patient's Right to End-of-Life Care Decisions in Long-term Care Facilities
    Sooyoun Han
    Asian Social Work and Policy Review.2016; 10(2): 200.     CrossRef
  • A Study of Social Workers’ Understanding of Elderly Patients’ and Family Caregivers’ Rights to End-of-Life Care Decisions and of Their Own Roles in the Process
    Sooyoun Han
    The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care.2015; 18(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • The Current Status of Medical Decision-Making for Dying Patients in a Medical Intensive Care Unit: A Single-Center Study
    Kyunghwa Shin, Jeong Ha Mok, Sang Hee Lee, Eun Jung Kim, Na Ri Seok, Sun Suk Ryu, Myoung Nam Ha, Kwangha Lee
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2014; 29(3): 160.     CrossRef
  • The End-of-Life Care in the Intensive Care Unit
    Jae Young Moon, Yong Sup Shin
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(3): 163.     CrossRef
Men Associated with Good Prognosis after Return of Spontaneous Circulation after Out-of Hospital Cardiac Arrest: a Retrospective Study in One Emergency Center
Se Jong Oh, Jin Joo Kim, Sung Youn Hwang, Sung Youl Hyun, Hyuk Jun Yang, Gun Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):24-28.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.24
  • 2,092 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aim of this study was to analyze the gender factors associated with good or bad prognosis after return of spontaneous circulation after out-of hospital cardiac arrest.
METHODS
The patients admitted to the intensive care unit after successful resuscitation after out-of hospital cardiac arrest were retrospectively identified and evaluated. Thirty days mortality after admission, and neurologic outcome at 6 months after hospital discharge (cerebral performance category [CPC]) were evaluated.
RESULTS
One hundred forty-two patients were evaluated in this study; there were 101 males (71.1%). The median age was 52 years old (43-63). Thirty days after admission, 85 patients (59.9%) survived, 40 patients had a good neurologic outcome (CPC 1-2). The factors associated 30 days mortality were cause of arrest (non-cardiac, p = 0.03), lactate in emergency department (p = 0.05) and the factors associated with good neurologic outcome were males (p = 0.007), young age (p = 0.01), body weight and height (p = 0.001), cause of death (cardiac, p = 0.000). Alcohols and smoking were not associated with mortality and neurologic outcome. In multiple logistic regression analysis, men had a 8-fold increased good neurologic outcome (CPC 1-2) (odds ratio [OR] 8.038, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.079-59.903). Other factors associated with good neurologic outcome were cardiac cause of death (OR 5.523, 95% CI 1.562-19.533) and young age (OR 1.055, 95% CI 1.009-1.103).
CONCLUSIONS
Men had a good neurologic outcome after return of spontaneous circulation after out-of hospital cardiac arrest in one emergency center. Other additional factors including gonadal hormones should be evaluated.
Initiation of Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy and Clinical Outcome in Septic Shock Patients with Acute Kidney Injury
Seung Mok Ryoo, Won Young Kim, Sang Sik Choi, Jin Won Huh, Sang Bum Hong, Chae Man Lim, Younsuck Koh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):29-35.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.29
  • 2,114 View
  • 21 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Initiation of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in critically ill septic shock patients with acute kidney injury is highly subjective and may influence outcome. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between initiation of RRT and 28 day mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock (SSSS).
METHODS
All patients diagnosed with SSSS and treated at the medical intensive care unit (ICU) in university-affiliated hospital from January 2005 to December 2006 were reviewed. Initiation of RRT was stratified into "early" and "late" by RIFLE (Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage) criteria and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) at the time RRT began. The primary outcome was death after 28 days from any cause.
RESULTS
Of the 326 patients diagnosed with SSSS and admitted into the medical ICU during the study period, 78 patients received RRT. Mean age was 61.5 +/- 14.7 years old and 54 patients were male (69.2%). The initiation of RRT was categorized into early (Risk, and Injury) and late (Failure) by RIFLE criteria and also categorized into early (BUN < 75 mg/dl) and late (BUN > or = 75 mg/dl). When the relationship between RIFLE criteria and 28 day mortality was compared, no significant difference was shown (70.8% vs. 73.3%, p = 0.81). The initiation of RRT by BUN also showed no significant difference in 28 day mortality (77.3% vs. 69.6%, p = 0.50).
CONCLUSIONS
Initiation of RRT, stratified into "early" and "late" by RIFLE and BUN, showed no significant difference in 28 day mortality regarding patient with SSSS.
Healthcare Professional's Knowledge, Perception and Performance on Early Enteral Nutrition for Critically Ill Patients
Sun Hee Yun, Sun Jung Kim, Eui Geum Oh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):36-44.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.36
  • 2,271 View
  • 53 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Proper nutritional supplement is one of the fundamental management domains for critical ill patients. While it shows positive effect on processing and prognosis of critical ill patients, early enteral nutrition is overlooked. This study explored healthcare professional's level of knowledge perception and performance on early enteral nutrition for critically ill patients. Data was collected from a convenient sample of 319 registered doctors, nurses and nutritionists in ICU at seven university hospitals.
METHODS
A cross-sectional survey design was used. The participants were assessed by questionnaires, specifically designed for the study and verified for the content validity by professional reviewers related with critical ill patients.
RESULTS
While the level of the perception of early enteral nutrition is high, the level of knowledge and performance are relatively low. The nurses showed a statistically significant difference on the level of knowledge, by their educational backgrounds and clinical experiences. Regarding the hospital support system, the doctors showed a significant difference on the level of perception and performance, while the nurses only showed that difference on the level of performance. It was shown that with higher the level of knowledge regarding the early enteral nutrition, the higher the level of performance. Further, the higher the level of perception, the higher the level of performance was observed. The hospital support system and the perception of the healthcare professionals are two most influential factors to affect the performance of the healthcare professionals related with the early enteral nutrition for the critically ill patients.
CONCLUSION
To perform the proper early enteral nutrition, the hospital support system and the level of the healthcare professionals' perception, are two most important factors. Therefore, the efforts to build the hospital support system along with the educational provisions are needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Diarrhea in Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units
    Hanna Lee, Rhayun Song
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2019; 26(4): 221.     CrossRef
  • Critical Care Nurses’ Perception, Knowledge, and Practices of Enteral Nutrition
    Hyunjung Kim, Eunjin Soun
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2016; 23(4): 383.     CrossRef
  • Nutritional Assessment of ICU Inpatients with Tube Feeding
    Yu-Jin Kim, Jung-Sook Seo
    Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association.2015; 21(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • Nutritional Support, Gastric Residual Volume and Nutritional Status during Enteral Nutrition in Intensive Care Unit Patients
    Minju Lee, Jiyeon Kang
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2014; 26(6): 621.     CrossRef
Case Reports
Knotting of Pulmonary Artery Catheter During Tricuspid Valve Surgery: A Case Report
Kyung Chen Lee, Wol Seon Jung, Yong Beom Kim, Ji Yeon Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):45-48.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.45
  • 1,984 View
  • 82 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
The use of pulmonary artery catheter can be helpful in managing patients after cardiac surgery. Nevertheless, there is a risk of serious complications, such as knotting. A 61 year old man underwent tricuspid valve replacement under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). After implantation of a stented tissue valve in the tricuspid valve, repositioning of the catheter was performed. After weaning from CPB, an abnormal pattern of pulmonary artery pressure was suddenly observed on the monitor. Resistance was met when removing the catheter with the balloon deflated, at a 20 cm distance from the tip of the catheter. Chest radiography showed a knot in the catheter within the right brachiocephalic vein. Superior vena cava opened and the distal part of the catheter with the knot was successfully removed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Ionic conductivity evolution of isotropic crystal with double strained interfaces
    Chao Feng, Jipeng Fei, Kechun Wen, Weiqiang Lv, Zuoxiang Zhang, Minda Zou, Fei Yang, Muhammad Waqas, Weidong He
    Solid State Ionics.2017; 303: 167.     CrossRef
Central Venous Catheter Misplaced in the Innominate Vein after Penetrating the Left Subclavian Vein in a Neonate: A Case Report
Sang Wook Shin, Ji Uk Yoon, Hyeon Jeong Lee, O Sun Kwon, Hyun Mok Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):49-51.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.49
  • 2,052 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
In the pediatric ICU and operating room, a central venous catheter (CVC) provides accurate hemodynamic information and serves as a reliable route for the administration of vasoactive drugs, fluids and allogeneic blood products. The placement of CVC is associated with a complication rate of 0.4% to 20%, including hemothorax, pneumothorax, thrombosis, infection and cardiac tamponade. We describe a case of CVC being misplaced in the innominate vein after penetrating the subclavian vein during anesthesia induction for arterial switch operation. Our report discusses the mechanisms by which this mishap took place, and reviews the proper positions of the head, arm, thorax and safe depth of venipuncture for the placement of a CVC in neonates.
Thrombosed Fusiform Aneurysm Presented as Transient Lateral Medullary Ischemia: A Case Report
Ha Cheol Choi, Hyoung Seok Lim, Sun Young Oh, Byoung Soo Shin
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):52-54.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.52
  • 1,984 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The frequency of vertebral artery aneurysm is rare and a common presenting sign is subarachnoid hemorrhage. Lateral medullary syndrome is characterized by loss of pain and temperature sensation on the contra lateral lesion side of the body and ipsilateral lesion side of the face, dysphagia, dysarthria, ataxia, vertigo, nystagmus, and Horner syndrome. Vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm is a common cause of lateral medullary infarction. We present a rare case of a 46-year old male patient that developed ischemic attack presenting as transient lateral medullary syndrome due to thrombosed-fusiform aneurysm of vertebral artery. He was treated with aspirin and heparin, and then discharged with complete resolution of symptoms.
Transient Dilation of the Membranous Trachea after Endotracheal Intubation: A Case Report
Seung Choi, Eun Woo Lee, Myung Ho Yun, Jae Young Park, Cheol Hwan Kim, Jae Won Beom, Gun Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):55-58.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.55
  • 2,101 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Endotracheal intubation is a quick, simple and safe procedure for airway management and is used in various medical procedures. Many endotracheal tubes have a cuff system, which prevents aspiration and allows positive pressure ventilation. However excessive inflation of the cuff can cause mucosal ischemia with tracheal dilation which may result in tracheal rupture, or even death. Fortunately, mucosal ischemia of the trachea can be treated successfully with well-timed control of cuff pressure. It is essential for medical practitioners to be aware of these complications and to be able to manage them effectively if they arise. We present a case of diverticular-like dilation of the lower trachea detected by fiberoptic bronchoscopy that eventually improved in the hemoptysis patient after endotracheal intubation.
Surgical Management for Pulmonary Artieriole Rupture During Subclavian Vein Catheterization: A Case Report
Jiae Min, Hyun Koo Kim, Ho Kyung Sung, Hyun Joo Lee, Young Ho Choi
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):59-61.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.59
  • 1,948 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We experienced an extremely unusual case of a 37-year-old woman who suffered from hemothorax soon after subclavian vein catheterization. Many case reports of a hemothorax or hematoma after central vein catheterization through the great vessels, such as the subclavian vein and internal jugular vein, have been published. However, this rare case showed a pinpoint-sized active bleeding site from a pulmonary arteriole rupture. During an emergency operation using thoracoscopy-assisted minithoracotomy, this bleeding site was successfully managed by primary repair.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care