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Original Article
Liver
Bleeding complications associated with the molecular adsorbent recirculating system: a retrospective study
Seon Woo Yoo, Min-Jong Ki, Dal Kim, Seul Ki Kim, SeungYong Park, Hyo Jin Han, Heung Bum Lee
Acute Crit Care. 2021;36(4):322-331.   Published online November 16, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2021.00276
  • 4,375 View
  • 97 Download
  • 3 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
The molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS) is a hepatic replacement system that supports excretory liver function in patients with liver failure. However, since MARS has been employed in our hospital, bleeding complications have occurred in many patients during or after MARS. The objective of this study was to determine how MARS affects coagulopathy and identify specific factors associated with bleeding complications.
Methods
We retrospectively analyzed data from 17 patients undergoing a total of 41 MARS sessions. Complete blood count, coagulation profiles, and blood chemistry values were compared before and after MARS. To identify pre-MARS factors associated with increased bleeding after MARS, we divided patients into bleeder and non-bleeder groups and compared their pre-MARS laboratory values.
Results
MARS significantly reduced bilirubin and creatinine levels. MARS also increased prothrombin time and reduced platelet and fibrinogen, thus negatively impacting coagulation. Pre-MARS hemoglobin was significantly lower in the bleeder group than in the non-bleeder group (P=0.015). When comparing the upper and lower 33% of MARS sessions based on the hemoglobin reduction rate, hemoglobin reduction was significantly greater in MARS sessions involving patients with low pre-MARS international normalized ratio of prothrombin time (PT-INR) and factor V (P=0.038 and P=0.023, respectively).
Conclusions
MARS could appears to alter coagulation-related factors such as factor V and increase the risk of bleeding complications particularly in patient with low hemoglobin. However, individual differences among patients were large, and various factors, such as low hemoglobin, PT-INR, and factor V levels, appear to be involved.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Fractionated plasma separation and adsorption integrated with continuous veno‐venous hemofiltration in patients with acute liver failure: A single center experience from China
    Jianhua Dong, Li Huang, Chuan Li, Bian Wu, Xi Yang, Yongchun Ge
    Journal of Clinical Apheresis.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Crosslinked Bifunctional Particles for the Removal of Bilirubin in Hyperbilirubinemia Cases
    María del Prado Garrido, Ana Maria Borreguero, Maria Jesús Ramos, Manuel Carmona, Francisco Javier Redondo Calvo, Juan Francisco Rodriguez
    Materials.2023; 16(8): 2999.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System in Patients With Liver Failure: A Case Series of 44 Patients
    Shahin Isha, Anna S. Jenkins, Abby J. Hanson, Parthkumar H. Satashia, Sai Abhishek Narra, Gunjan D. Mundhra, Mohammed Mustafa Hasan, Ashrita Donepudi, Abishek Giri, Patrick W. Johnson, Dolores Villar, Christan Santos, Juan Canabal, Philip Lowman, Pablo Mo
    Transplantation Proceedings.2023; 55(9): 2126.     CrossRef
  • Extracorporeal organ support and the kidney
    Maria-Jimena Muciño-Bermejo
    Frontiers in Nephrology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Case Reports
Cardiology
ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction as a Result of Coronary Artery Ectasia-Related Intracoronary Thrombus in a Patient with Liver Cirrhosis
Ji Woong Roh, Eun Hyea Park, Joon Cheol Song, Young Seung Oh, Tong Yoon Kim, Hyo Suk Kim, Sungmin Lim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(4):358-364.   Published online November 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2015.30.4.358
  • 5,685 View
  • 90 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a rare condition defined as the dilatation of coronary artery to at least 1.5 times larger than the normal adjacent coronary artery. Clinical manifestations of CAE vary, ranging from asymptomatic to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Because of its rarity and clinical diversity, the best treatment strategy and prognosis for CAE remain unclear. We describe a case of STEMI caused by intracoronary thrombus formation within an ectatic area in a patient with liver cirrhosis (LC). The patient was successfully managed by thrombus aspiration only, without balloon angioplasty or stent implantation, and maintained by dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and ticagrelor, a potent new P2Y12 inhibitor.
Gastroenterology
Successful Bridging Hemostasis Using a Sengstaken-Blakemore Tube in Massive Rectal Variceal Bleeding
Kyung Su Kim, Gil Joon Suh, Woon Yong Kwon
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2014;29(3):237-240.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2014.29.3.237
  • 7,813 View
  • 89 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Life-threatening rectal variceal bleeding is a rare complication of liver cirrhosis. Various therapeutic interventions including endoscopic variceal ligation and percutaneous transvenous obliteration have been proposed to control significant rectal variceal bleeding. However, these definite hemostasis modalities are not readily available and require an experienced endoscopist or interventional radiologist. Therefore, bridging therapy to control active bleeding is necessary especially in patients with massive bleeding. We report a case of massive rectal variceal bleeding in which a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube was effective at stopping the bleeding until percutaneous transvenous obliteration could be performed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Use of TC-325 Hemostatic Powder as a Rescue Monotherapy for Management of Rectal Variceal Bleed
    Amel Tabet Aoul, Vamsee Mupparuju, Jonathan Cirillo, Sreekanth Chandrupatla, Jeffrey Jordan, Maria Castano, Olugbenga Oyesanmi
    ACG Case Reports Journal.2024; 11(6): e01391.     CrossRef
  • Anorectal emergencies: WSES-AAST guidelines
    Antonio Tarasconi, Gennaro Perrone, Justin Davies, Raul Coimbra, Ernest Moore, Francesco Azzaroli, Hariscine Abongwa, Belinda De Simone, Gaetano Gallo, Giorgio Rossi, Fikri Abu-Zidan, Vanni Agnoletti, Gianluigi de’Angelis, Nicola de’Angelis, Luca Ansaloni
    World Journal of Emergency Surgery.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Article
The Analysis of Prognostic Factors in Patients with Decompensated Liver Cirrhosis Admitted to the Medical Intensive Care Unit
Gil Jae Lee, Jung Nam Lee, Iris Naheah Kim, Keon Kuk Kim, Woon Kee Lee, Jeong Heum Baek, Sang Tae Choi, Won Suk Lee, Byung Chul Yu, Yeon Jeong Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(2):101-107.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.2.101
  • 2,815 View
  • 33 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis usually resulted in admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) during hospitalization. When admitted to the ICU, the mortality was high. The aim of this study is to identify multiple prognostic factors for mortality and to analyze the significance of prognostic survival model with each scoring system in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis who was admitted to the ICU.
METHODS
From January 2008 to December 2008, 60 consecutive patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis were admitted in the ICU and retrospectively reviewed. Prognostic models used were Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP), model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), model for end-stage liver disease with incorporation of serum sodium (MELD-Na), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II, and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA). The predictive prognosis was analyzed using the area under the receiver's operating characteristics curve (AUC).
RESULTS
The median follow up period was 20 months, and ICU mortality was 17% (n = 10). A total of 24 patients (40%) died during the study period. The average survival of five prognostic models was related with the severity of the disease. All of the five systems showed significant differences in the cumulative survival rate, according to the scores on admission, and the MELD-Na had the highest AUC (0.924). Multivariate analysis showed that bilirubin and albumin were significantly related to mortality.
CONCLUSIONS
The CPT, MELD, MELD-Na, APACHE II, and SOFA may predict the prognosis of patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis. The MELD-Na could be a better prognostic predictor than other scoring systems.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care