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2 "pulmonary function test"
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Original Article
Pulmonary
Factors related to lung function outcomes in critically ill COVID-19 patients in South Korea
Tae Hun Kim, Myung Jin Song, Sung Yoon Lim, Yeon Joo Lee, Young-Jae Cho
Acute Crit Care. 2024;39(1):100-107.   Published online February 20, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2023.00668
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
New variants of the virus responsible for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continue to emerge. However, little is known about the effect of these variants on clinical outcomes. This study evaluated the risk factors for poor pulmonary lung function test (PFT). Methods: The study retrospectively analyzed 87 patients in a single hospital and followed up by performing PFTs at an outpatient clinic from January 2020 to December 2021. COVID-19 variants were categorized as either a non-delta variant (November 13, 2020–July 6, 2021) or the delta variant (July 7, 2021–January 29, 2022). Results: The median age of the patients was 62 years, and 56 patients (64.4%) were male. Mechanical ventilation (MV) was provided for 52 patients, and 36 (41.4%) had restrictive lung defects. Forced vital capacity (FVC) and diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO ) were lower in patients on MV. Male sex (odds ratio [OR], 0.228) and MV (OR, 4.663) were significant factors for decreased DLCO . The duration of MV was associated with decreased FVC and DLCO . However, the type of variant did not affect the decrease in FVC (P=0.750) and DLCO (P=0.639). Conclusions: Among critically ill COVID-19 patients, 40% had restrictive patterns with decreased DLCO . The reduction of PFT was associated with MV, type of variants.
Case Report
An Experience of Right Pneumonectomy in a Lung Cancer Patient with Poor Pulmonary Function Test within the Conventional Criteria of Contraindication to Surgery: Intraoperative Re-evaluation of Pulmonary Function: A case report
Jin Young Chon, Sung Jin Hong, Ung Jin, Hae Jin Lee, Yong Woo Choi, Se Ho Moon, Sun Hee Lee, Man Seok Bae
Korean J Crit Care Med. 1999;14(2):167-175.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Usually FEV1 lower than 1 liter is considered as a contraindication to pneumonectomy. Therefore sometimes, the curative operations of the resectable lung cancer can not be performed in case of poor pulmonary functions. The usual criteria on the performance of pneumonectomy on high risk patients based on the preoperative assessment of pulmonary function may not predict the operative outcome with accuracy in the postoperative period. Nowadays, there are some arguing points about applying the values of preoperative PFTs to pulmonary resection surgery. We performed a right pneumonectomy for stage IIIb lung cancer in a patient with poor lung function test; FVC 2.17 L, FEV1 0.97 L, FEV1/FVC 44%, FEF 25~75% 0.42 L/sec, MVV 28 L/min, TLC 5.18 L, RV 2.99, DLCO 13.46. After the temporary ligation of right main pulmonary artery during 30 minutes, arterial blood gas and percutaneous oxygen saturation with the controlled ventilation with room air (FiO2=0.21) confirmed the hemodynamic and oxygenation stabilities, twice. After successful surgery, the patient was tolerated for 4 months. And the follow up PFTs at postoperative 3 months and 18 days showed as follows; FVC 1.20 L, FEV1 0.63 L, FEV1/FVC 53%, FEF 25~75% 0.31 L/sec, MVV 25 L/min, TLC 3.80 L, RV 2.33 L, DLCO 8.04. Through the intraoperative re-evaluation of pulmonary function in a patient with poor preoperative PFTs,had been conventionally considered as a contraindication to pneumonectomy, we report a successful surgery and anesthetic management with the literatures reviewed.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care