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1 "positive-pressure respiration, intrinsic"
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Original Article
Pulmonary
Evaluation of Respiratory Dynamics in an Asymmetric Lung Compliance Model
So Hui Yun, Ho-Jin Lee, Yong-Hun Lee, Jong Cook Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2017;32(2):174-181.   Published online April 14, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.00738
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Unilateral lung hyperinflation develops in lungs with asymmetric compliance, which can lead to vital instability. The aim of this study was to investigate the respiratory dynamics and the effect of airway diameter on the distribution of tidal volume during mechanical ventilation in a lung model with asymmetric compliance.
Methods
Three groups of lung models were designed to simulate lungs with a symmetric and asymmetric compliance. The lung model was composed of two test lungs, lung1 and lung2. The static compliance of lung1 in C15, C60, and C120 groups was manipulated to be 15, 60, and 120 mL/cmH2O, respectively. Meanwhile, the static compliance of lung2 was fixed at 60 mL/cmH2O. Respiratory variables were measured above (proximal measurement) and below (distal measurement) the model trachea. The lung model was mechanically ventilated, and the airway internal diameter (ID) was changed from 3 to 8 mm in 1-mm increments.
Results
The mean ± standard deviation ratio of volumes distributed to each lung (VL1/VL2) in airway ID 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 were in order, 0.10 ± 0.05, 0.11 ± 0.03, 0.12 ± 0.02, 0.12 ± 0.02, 0.12 ± 0.02, and 0.12 ± 0.02 in the C15 group; 1.05 ± 0.16, 1.01 ± 0.09, 1.00 ± 0.07, 0.97 ± 0.09, 0.96 ± 0.06, and 0.97 ± 0.08 in the C60 group; and 1.46 ± 0.18, 3.06 ± 0.41, 3.72 ± 0.37, 3.78 ± 0.47, 3.77 ± 0.45, and 3.78 ± 0.60 in the C120 group. The positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of lung1 was significantly increased at airway ID 3 mm (1.65 cmH2O) in the C15 group; at ID 3, 4, and 5 mm (2.21, 1.06, 0.95 cmH2O) in the C60 group; and ID 3, 4, and 5 mm (2.92, 1.84, 1.41 cmH2O) in the C120 group, compared to ID 8 mm (p < 0.05).
Conclusions
In the C15 and C120 groups, the tidal volume was unevenly distributed to both lungs in a positive relationship with lung compliance. In the C120 group, the uneven distribution of tidal volume was improved when the airway ID was equal to or less than 4 mm, but a significant increase of PEEP was observed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Proof-of-concept study of compartmentalized lung ventilation using system for asymmetric flow regulation (SAFR)
    Igor Barjaktarevic, Glen Meyerowitz, Onike Williams, I. Obi Emeruwa, Nir Hoftman
    Frontiers in Medical Technology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Is It Essential to Consider Respiratory Dynamics?
    Youngjoon Kang
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2017; 32(2): 223.     CrossRef

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