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3 "hyperkalemia"
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Nephrology
Sudden Intraoperative Hyperkalemia during Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy in a Patient with Underlying Renal Insufficiency
Sung Hoon Jung, Yun-Joung Han, Sang Ho Shin, Hyo Seon Lee, Ji Young Lee
Acute Crit Care. 2017;33(4):271-275.   Published online November 21, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2016.00696
  • 6,114 View
  • 111 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
We experienced a case of severe intraoperative hyperkalemia during laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in a 60-year-old male patient with renal insufficiency, whose hypertension had been managed by preoperative angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) and adrenergic beta-antagonist. After renal vessel ligation, his intraoperative potassium concentration suddenly increased to 7.0 mEq/L, but his electrocardiography (ECG) did not show any significant change. While preoperative ARB therapy has been regarded as a contributing factor for further aggravation of underlying renal insufficiency, we assumed that nephrectomy itself and rhabdomyolysis caused by surgical trauma also aggravated the underlying renal dysfunction and resulted in sudden hyperkalemia. Hyperkalemia was managed successfully with calcium gluconate, insulin, furosemide and crystalloid loading during the intraoperative and immediate postoperative periods, and potassium concentration decreased to 5.0 mEq/L at 8 hours after the operation. The patient’s hospital course was uncomplicated, but his renal function deteriorated further.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Acute Intraoperative Hyperkalemia During Robot-Assisted Radical Cystectomy: A Case Report
    Nivedhyaa Srinivasaraghavan, Vallary Modh, Arun Menon
    A&A Practice.2022; 16(12): e01650.     CrossRef
Cardiology/Pediatric
Transfusion Associated Hyperkalemia and Cardiac Arrest in an Infant after Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Do Wan Kim, Kyeong Ryeol Cheon, Duck Cho, Kyo Seon Lee, Hwa Jin Cho, In Seok Jeong
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(2):132-134.   Published online May 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2015.30.2.132
  • 7,700 View
  • 96 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Cardiac arrest associated with hyperkalemia during red blood cell transfusion is a rare but fatal complication. Herein, we report a case of transfusion-associated cardiac arrest following the initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in a 9-month old infant. Her serum potassium level was increased to 9.0 mEq/L, soon after the newly primed circuit with pre-stored red blood cell (RBC) was started and followed by sudden cardiac arrest. Eventually, circulation was restored and the potassium level decreased to 5.1 mEq/L after 5 min. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) priming is a relatively massive transfusion into a pediatric patient. Thus, to prevent cardiac arrest during blood-primed ECMO in neonates and infants, freshly irradiated and washed RBCs should be used when priming the ECMO circuit, to minimize the potassium concentration. Also, physicians should be aware of all possible complications associated with transfusions during ECMO.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease, transfusion-associated hyperkalemia, and potassium filtration: advancing safety and sufficiency of the blood supply
    Kenneth E. Nollet, Alain M. Ngoma, Hitoshi Ohto
    Transfusion and Apheresis Science.2022; 61(2): 103408.     CrossRef
  • Transfusion-Associated Hyperkalemic Cardiac Arrest in Neonatal, Infant, and Pediatric Patients
    Morgan Burke, Pranava Sinha, Naomi L. C. Luban, Nikki Gillum Posnack
    Frontiers in Pediatrics.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Double-filtered leukoreduction as a method for risk reduction of transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease
    Sejong Chun, Minh-Trang Thi Phan, Saetbyul Hong, Jehoon Yang, Yeup Yoon, Sangbin Han, Jungwon Kang, Mark H. Yazer, Jaehyun Kim, Duck Cho, Senthilnathan Palaniyandi
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(3): e0229724.     CrossRef
  • Anticoagulation Therapy during Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenator Support in Pediatric Patients
    Hwa Jin Cho, Do Wan Kim, Gwan Sic Kim, In Seok Jeong
    Chonnam Medical Journal.2017; 53(2): 110.     CrossRef
  • Blood Transfusion Strategies in Patients Supported by Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
    Yoon Hee Kim
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2015; 30(3): 139.     CrossRef
Severe Hyperkalemia without Typical Electrocardiographic Manifestations: A case report
Sang Beom Nam, Hee Koo Yoo
Korean J Crit Care Med. 1999;14(1):42-46.
  • 1,634 View
  • 60 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Severe hyperkalemia can induce life threatening cardiac rhythm disturbances, and usually produce classic electrocardiographic (EKG) manifestations. We report a case of severe hyperkalemia in which the EKG did not reveal the expected alterations. The patient was a 57-year-old man with adenocarcinoma of stomach. There were no significant abnormal findings in laboratory analysis, chest X-ray and EKG. His preoperative medications for hypertension consisted of furosemide, amiloride and enalapril. The tests for serum potassium concentration ([K ]) were performed on 20 and 7 days before the operation and the results were 4.5 and 4.9 mEq/l, respectively. Just after induction of anesthesia, we tried the blood gas and electrolyte analysis and the result revealed high [K ] of 8.5 mEq/l, but EKG did not show typical phenotype of hyperkalemia at that time. His intraoperative and postoperative courses were not eventful.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care