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Original Article
Trauma
Biochemical Markers as Predictors of In-Hospital Mortality in Patients with Severe Trauma: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Ha Nee Jang, Hyun Oh Park, Tae Won Yang, Jun Ho Yang, Sung Hwan Kim, Seong Ho Moon, Joung Hun Byun, Chung Eun Lee, Jong Woo Kim, Dong Hun Kang, Kyeong Hee Baek
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2017;32(3):240-246.   Published online August 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2017.00360
  • 8,094 View
  • 136 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Initial evaluation of injury severity in trauma patients is an important and challenging task. We aimed to assess whether easily measurable biochemical parameters (hemoglobin, pH, and prothrombin time/international normalized ratio [PT/INR]) can predict in-hospital mortality in patients with severe trauma. Methods: This retrospective study involved review of the medical records of 315 patients with severe trauma and an injury severity score >15 who were managed at Gyeongsang National University Hospital between January 2005 and December 2015. We extracted the following data: in-hospital mortality, injury severity score, and initial hemoglobin level, pH, and PT/INR. The predictive values of these variables were compared using receiver operation characteristic curves. Results: Of the 315 patients, 72 (22.9%) died. The in-hospital mortality rates of patients with hemoglobin levels <8.4 g/dl and ≥8.4 g/dl were 49.8% and 9.9%, respectively (P < 0.001). At a cutoff hemoglobin level of 8.4 g/dl, the sensitivity and specificity values for mortality were 81.9% and 86.4%, respectively. At a pH cutoff of 7.25, the sensitivity and specificity values for mortality were 66.7% and 77.8%, respectively; 66.7% of patients with a pH <7.25 died versus 22.2% with a pH ≥7.25 (P < 0.001). The in-hospital mortality rates for patients with PT/INR values ≥1.4 and <1.4 were 37.5% and 16%, respectively (P < 0.001; sensitivity, 37.5%; specificity, 84%). Conclusions: Using the suggested cutoff values, hemoglobin level, pH, and PT/INR can simply and easily be used to predict in-hospital mortality in patients with severe trauma.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Assessment of the Initial Risk Factors for Mortality among Patients with Severe Trauma on Admission to the Emergency Department
    Hyun Oh Park, Jun Young Choi, In Seok Jang, Jong Duk Kim, Jae Won Choi, Chung Eun Lee
    The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.2019; 52(6): 400.     CrossRef
  • The thorax trauma severity score and the trauma and injury severity score
    Seong Ho Moon, Jong Woo Kim, Joung Hun Byun, Sung Hwan Kim, Jun Young Choi, In Seok Jang, Chung Eun Lee, Jun Ho Yang, Dong Hun Kang, Ki Nyun Kim, Hyun Oh Park
    Medicine.2017; 96(42): e8317.     CrossRef
Case Report
Toxicology
Methemoglobinemia Caused by an Inert Ingredient after Intentional Ingestion of Pesticide
Ru Bi Jeong, Chang Hwan Sohn, Dong Woo Seo, Won Young Kim, Seung Mok Ryoo, Bum Jin Oh, Kyoung Soo Lim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2014;29(4):341-343.   Published online November 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2014.29.4.341
  • 5,047 View
  • 71 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We report two cases of toxic methemoglobinemia caused by an inert ingredient in pesticide product after intentional ingestion of pesticide. First, 51-year-old male visited to the emergency department (ED) after the ingestion of pesticide in a suicide attempt. Initial methemoglobin (MetHb) level was 25.6%. We did not know the cause of methemoglobinemia at that time. Second, 56-year-old female visited to the ED after the ingestion of the same pesticide in a suicide attempt. MetHb level after 30 minutes was 16.1%. The patients were treated with methylene blue. We contacted to the Korean Rural Development Administration and estimated that magnesium nitrate was more likely to cause methemoglobinemia. This report highlights the importance of considering the possibility of methemoglobinemia caused by inert ingredient in pesticide and early antidotal therapy.
Original Article
Quality Assessment of Blood Transfusion in Operating Room
Myoung Gil Chae, Byeung Ho Byeun, Dong Hee Kang, Hae Kyu Kim, Seong Wan Baik, Kyoo Sub Chung
Korean J Crit Care Med. 1998;13(2):234-238.
  • 1,604 View
  • 48 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGOUND: Transfusion of red blood cells is a life saving measure in the management of a variety of surgical conditions. A guideline for blood transfusion during elective surgical procedure is necessary to reduce the risks of transfusion-associated complications, excessive blood bank workload, excessive blood request and overtransfusion, and the cost. From this, a program of quality assessment was adopted to improve blood transfusion practice and to establish the guideline for blood transfusion in elective surgery at Pusan National University Hospital.
METHODS
Fifty-six patients undergoing elective surgery was divided 2 groups. Transfusion (T) group was 18 persons. Non-transfusion (NT) group was 38 persons. The preoperative, pre-transfusion, postoperative, and post-transfusion hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit, mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), average amount of transfused red blood cell units, allowable blood loss, and the amount of infused crystalloids and colloids was estimated for 9 months in Pusan National University Hospital.
RESULTS
There were no significant differences in Hb between T & NT group. Hb decreased significantly until postoperative 3rd day in NT group. Platelet count decreased in NT group on postop. 3rd day. There were no significant differences in MAP & HR. One-ninth of T group was overestimated blood loss & 18.4% of NT group was underestimated blood loss. One-third of transfusion patient were overtransfused & 36.2% of transfused RBC was unnecessary. Nearly 90% of patient was transfused packed RBC with FFP concurrently.
CONCLUSIONS
To minimize overtransfusion, transfusion based on intraoperative hematocrit is necessary. If possible, single use of packed RBC is recommended when the blood loss is below allowable blood loss. In massive bleeding above allowable blood loss, combined administration of FFP and packed RBC or transfusion of whole blood will be better.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care