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Original Articles
Ethics
Changes in the incidence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation before and after implementation of the Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions Act
Hyunjae Im, Hyun Woo Choe, Seung-Young Oh, Ho Geol Ryu, Hannah Lee
Acute Crit Care. 2022;37(2):237-246.   Published online February 24, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2021.01095
  • 4,083 View
  • 199 Download
  • 5 Web of Science
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
The Life-Sustaining Treatment (LST) Decisions Act allows withholding and withdrawal of LST, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In the present study, the incidence of CPR before and after implementation of the Act was compared.
Methods
This was a retrospective review involving hospitalized patients who underwent CPR at a single center between February 2016 and January 2020 (pre-implementation period, February 2016 to January 2018; post-implementation period, February 2018 to January 2020). The primary outcome was monthly incidence of CPR per 1,000 admissions. The secondary outcomes were duration of CPR, return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) rate, 24-hour survival rate, and survival-to-discharge rate. The study outcomes were compared before and after implementation of the Act.
Results
A total of 867 patients who underwent CPR was included in the analysis. The incidence of CPR per 1,000 admissions showed no significant difference before and after implementation of the Act (3.02±0.68 vs. 2.81±0.75, P=0.255). The ROSC rate (67.20±0.11 vs. 70.99±0.12, P=0.008) and survival to discharge rate (20.24±0.09 vs. 22.40±0.12, P=0.029) were higher after implementation of the Act than before implementation.
Conclusions
The incidence of CPR did not significantly change for 2 years after implementation of the Act. Further studies are needed to assess the changes in trends in the decisions of CPR and other LSTs in real-world practice.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Characteristics and outcomes of patients with do-not-resuscitate and physician orders for life-sustaining treatment in a medical intensive care unit: a retrospective cohort study
    Song-I Lee, Ye-Rin Ju, Da Hyun Kang, Jeong Eun Lee
    BMC Palliative Care.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • For the Universal Right to Access Quality End-of-Life Care in Korea: Broadening Our Perspective After the 2018 Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions Act
    Hye Yoon Park, Min Sun Kim, Shin Hye Yoo, Jung Lee, In Gyu Song, So Yeon Jeon, Eun Kyung Choi
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparison of the end-of-life decisions of patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia after the enforcement of the life-sustaining treatment decision act in Korea
    Ae-Rin Baek, Sang-Bum Hong, Soohyun Bae, Hye Kyeong Park, Changhwan Kim, Hyun-Kyung Lee, Woo Hyun Cho, Jin Hyoung Kim, Youjin Chang, Heung Bum Lee, Hyun-Il Gil, Beomsu Shin, Kwang Ha Yoo, Jae Young Moon, Jee Youn Oh, Kyung Hoon Min, Kyeongman Jeon, Moon S
    BMC Medical Ethics.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Will implementation of the Life-sustaining Treatment Decisions Act reduce the incidence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation?
    In-Ae Song
    Acute and Critical Care.2022; 37(2): 256.     CrossRef
  • Effect of life-sustaining treatment decision law on pediatric in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation rate: A Korean population-based study
    Jaeyoung Choi, Ah Young Choi, Esther Park, Meong Hi Son, Joongbum Cho
    Resuscitation.2022; 180: 38.     CrossRef
Rapid response system
Effectiveness of a daytime rapid response system in hospitalized surgical ward patients
Eunjin Yang, Hannah Lee, Sang-Min Lee, Sulhee Kim, Ho Geol Ryu, Hyun Joo Lee, Jinwoo Lee, Seung-Young Oh
Acute Crit Care. 2020;35(2):77-86.   Published online May 13, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2019.00661
  • 6,437 View
  • 212 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
Clinical deteriorations during hospitalization are often preventable with a rapid response system (RRS). We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a daytime RRS for surgical hospitalized patients.
Methods
A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 20 general surgical wards at a 1,779-bed University hospital from August 2013 to July 2017 (August 2013 to July 2015, pre-RRS-period; August 2015 to July 2017, post-RRS-period). The primary outcome was incidence of cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) when the RRS was operating. The secondary outcomes were the incidence of total and preventable cardiopulmonary arrest, in-hospital mortality, the percentage of “do not resuscitate” orders, and the survival of discharged CPA patients.
Results
The relative risk (RR) of CPA per 1,000 admissions during RRS operational hours (weekdays from 7 AM to 7 PM) in the post-RRS-period compared to the pre-RRS-period was 0.53 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.25 to 1.13; P=0.099) and the RR of total CPA regardless of RRS operating hours was 0.76 (95% CI, 0.46 to 1.28; P=0.301). The preventable CPA after RRS implementation was significantly lower than that before RRS implementation (RR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.11 to 0.88; P=0.028). There were no statistical differences in in-hospital mortality and the survival rate of patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest. Do-not-resuscitate decisions significantly increased during after RRS implementation periods compared to pre-RRS periods (RR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.40 to 2.59; P<0.001).
Conclusions
The day-time implementation of the RRS did not significantly reduce the rate of CPA whereas the system effectively reduced the rate of preventable CPA during periods when the system was operating.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Development and Validation of a Machine Learning Algorithm Using Clinical Pages to Predict Imminent Clinical Deterioration
    Bryan D. Steitz, Allison B. McCoy, Thomas J. Reese, Siru Liu, Liza Weavind, Kipp Shipley, Elise Russo, Adam Wright
    Journal of General Internal Medicine.2024; 39(1): 27.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a Rapid Response Team on Patient Outcomes: A Systematic Review
    Qiuxia Zhang, Khuan Lee, Zawiah Mansor, Iskasymar Ismail, Yi Guo, Qiao Xiao, Poh Ying Lim
    Heart & Lung.2024; 63: 51.     CrossRef
  • Clinical significance of acute care surgery system as a part of hospital medical emergency team for hospitalized patients
    Kyoung Won Yoon, Kyoungjin Choi, Keesang Yoo, Eunmi Gil, Chi-Min Park
    Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research.2023; 104(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • The associations between rapid response systems and their components with patient outcomes: A scoping review
    Rebecca J. Piasecki, Cheryl R. Dennison Himmelfarb, Kelly T. Gleason, Rachel M. Justice, Elizabeth A. Hunt
    International Journal of Nursing Studies Advances.2023; 5: 100134.     CrossRef
  • Changes in the incidence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation before and after implementation of the Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions Act
    Hyunjae Im, Hyun Woo Choe, Seung-Young Oh, Ho Geol Ryu, Hannah Lee
    Acute and Critical Care.2022; 37(2): 237.     CrossRef
  • Estructura y función de los equipos de respuesta rápida para la atención de adultos en contextos hospitalarios de alta complejidad: Revisión sistemática de alcance
    Juliana Vanessa Rincón-López, Diego Larrotta-Castillo, Kelly Estrada-Orozco, Hernando Gaitán-Duarte
    Revista Colombiana de Obstetricia y Ginecología.2021; 72(2): 171.     CrossRef
  • Characteristics and Prognosis of Hospitalized Patients at High Risk of Deterioration Identified by the Rapid Response System: a Multicenter Cohort Study
    Sang Hyuk Kim, Ji Young Hong, Youlim Kim
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of a Rapid Response Team on the Clinical Outcomes of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation of Patients Hospitalized in General Wards
    Mi-Jung Yoon, Jin-Hee Park
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2021; 28(4): 491.     CrossRef
Rapid response system
Effect of a rapid response system on code rates and in-hospital mortality in medical wards
Hong Yeul Lee, Jinwoo Lee, Sang-Min Lee, Sulhee Kim, Eunjin Yang, Hyun Joo Lee, Hannah Lee, Ho Geol Ryu, Seung-Young Oh, Eun Jin Ha, Sang-Bae Ko, Jaeyoung Cho
Acute Crit Care. 2019;34(4):246-254.   Published online November 29, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2019.00668
  • 6,179 View
  • 197 Download
  • 7 Web of Science
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
To determine the effects of implementing a rapid response system (RRS) on code rates and in-hospital mortality in medical wards.
Methods
This retrospective study included adult patients admitted to medical wards at Seoul National University Hospital between July 12, 2016 and March 12, 2018; the sample comprised 4,224 patients admitted 10 months before RRS implementation and 4,168 patients admitted 10 months following RRS implementation. Our RRS only worked during the daytime (7 AM to 7 PM) on weekdays. We compared code rates and in-hospital mortality rates between the preintervention and postintervention groups.
Results
There were 62.3 RRS activations per 1,000 admissions. The most common reasons for RRS activation were tachypnea or hypopnea (44%), hypoxia (31%), and tachycardia or bradycardia (21%). Code rates from medical wards during RRS operating times significantly decreased from 3.55 to 0.96 per 1,000 admissions (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.10 to 0.87; P=0.028) after RRS implementation. However, code rates from medical wards during RRS nonoperating times did not differ between the preintervention and postintervention groups (2.60 vs. 3.12 per 1,000 admissions; aOR, 1.23; 95% CI, 0.55 to 2.76; P=0.614). In-hospital mortality significantly decreased from 56.3 to 42.7 per 1,000 admissions after RRS implementation (aOR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.64 to 0.97; P=0.024).
Conclusions
Implementation of an RRS was associated with significant reductions in code rates during RRS operating times and in-hospital mortality in medical wards.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The role of emergency medical services in the management of in-hospital emergencies: Causes and outcomes of emergency calls – A descriptive retrospective register-based study
    Henna Myrskykari, Timo Iirola, Hilla Nordquist
    Australasian Emergency Care.2024; 27(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a Rapid Response Team on Patient Outcomes: A Systematic Review
    Qiuxia Zhang, Khuan Lee, Zawiah Mansor, Iskasymar Ismail, Yi Guo, Qiao Xiao, Poh Ying Lim
    Heart & Lung.2024; 63: 51.     CrossRef
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine Guidelines on Recognizing and Responding to Clinical Deterioration Outside the ICU: 2023
    Kimia Honarmand, Randy S. Wax, Daleen Penoyer, Geoffery Lighthall, Valerie Danesh, Bram Rochwerg, Michael L. Cheatham, Daniel P. Davis, Michael DeVita, James Downar, Dana Edelson, Alison Fox-Robichaud, Shigeki Fujitani, Raeann M. Fuller, Helen Haskell, Ma
    Critical Care Medicine.2024; 52(2): 314.     CrossRef
  • Rapid Response Systems
    Bradford D. Winters
    Critical Care Clinics.2024; 40(3): 583.     CrossRef
  • Improving sepsis recognition and management
    Merrilee I Cox, Hillary Voss
    Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care.2021; 51(4): 101001.     CrossRef
  • A Somogy Megyei Kaposi Mór Oktató Kórház által bevezetett gyors reagálású rendszer hatása a kórházi mortalitásra
    János Fogas, Rita Koroseczné Pavlin, Krisztina Szabó, Eszter Héra, Imre Repa, Mariann Moizs
    Orvosi Hetilap.2021; 162(20): 782.     CrossRef
  • Evidence revealed the effects of rapid response system
    Jae Hwa Cho
    Acute and Critical Care.2019; 34(4): 282.     CrossRef
Nursing/Quality Improvement
Transcultural Adaptation and Validation of the Family Satisfaction in the Intensive Care Unit Questionnaire in a Korean Sample
Youlim Kim, Jinsoo Min, Gajin Lim, Jung-Kyu Lee, Hannah Lee, Jinwoo Lee, Kyung Su Kim, Jong Sun Park, Young-Jae Cho, You Hwan Jo, Hogeol Rhu, Kyu-seok Kim, Sang-Min Lee, Yeon Joo Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2017;32(1):60-69.   Published online February 28, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.00962
  • 7,945 View
  • 220 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
A number of questionnaires designed for analyzing family members’ inconvenience and demands in intensive care unit (ICU) care have been developed and validated in North America. The family satisfaction in the intensive care Unit-24 (FS-ICU-24) questionnaire is one of the most widely used of these instruments. This study aimed to translate the FS-ICU-24 questionnaire into Korean and validate the Korean version of the questionnaire.
Methods
The study was conducted in the medical, surgical, and emergency ICUs at three tertiary hospitals. Relatives of all patients hospitalized for at least 48 hours were enrolled for this study participants. The validation process included the measurement of construct validity, internal consistency, and interrater reliability. The questionnaire consists of 24 items divided between two subscales: satisfaction with care (14 items) and satisfaction with decision making (10 items).
Results
In total, 200 family members of 176 patients from three hospitals completed the FS-ICU-24 questionnaire. Construct validity for the questionnaire was superior to that observed for a visual analog scale (Spearman’s r = 0.84, p < 0.001). Cronbach’s αs were 0.83 and 0.80 for the satisfaction with care and satisfaction with decision making subscales, respectively. The mean (± standard deviation) total FS-ICU-24 score was 75.44 ± 17.70, and participants were most satisfied with consideration of their needs (82.13 ± 21.03) and least satisfied with the atmosphere in the ICU waiting room (35.38 ± 34.84).
Conclusions
The Korean version of the FS-ICU-24 questionnaire demonstrated good validity and could be a useful instrument with which to measure family members’ satisfaction about ICU care.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Effect of a Multifaceted Family Participation Program in an Adult Cardiovascular Surgery ICU*
    Hye Jin Yoo, JaeLan Shim
    Critical Care Medicine.2021; 49(1): 38.     CrossRef
  • Psychometric validation of the Chinese patient- and family satisfaction in the intensive care unit questionnaires
    Veronica Ka Wai Lai, Johnson Ching-Hong Li, Anna Lee
    Journal of Critical Care.2019; 54: 58.     CrossRef
  • Survey of family satisfaction with intensive care units
    Jinsoo Min, Youlim Kim, Jung-Kyu Lee, Hannah Lee, Jinwoo Lee, Kyung Su Kim, Young-Jae Cho, You Hwan Jo, Ho Geol Ryu, Kyuseok Kim, Sang-Min Lee, Yeon Joo Lee
    Medicine.2018; 97(32): e11809.     CrossRef
Case Report
Pulmonary
A Reinforced Endotracheal Tube Completely Severed by a Patient Bite and Lodged in the Right Main Bronchus
Susie Yoon, Hyunjung Choo, Se Eun Kim, Heeyeon Kwon, Hannah Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2017;32(1):70-73.   Published online November 14, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.00437
  • 10,422 View
  • 150 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Reinforced endotracheal tubes (ETTs) are designed to resist kinking or compression. However, these have a potential risk of being obstructed or severed by a patient’s bite. We report a case in which a reinforced ETT was severed by tube-bite while the patient was in the prone position during an intensive care unit stay. Bronchoscopic evaluation showed that the severed distal part of the tube had lodged in the patient’s right main bronchus, and it had to be surgically removed. The patency of reinforced ETTs should be carefully monitored in patients intubated in the prone position.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Anaesthesia for reconstructive free flap surgery for head and neck cancer
    Peter McCauley, Michael Moore, Edel Duggan
    British Journal of Hospital Medicine.2022; 83(5): 1.     CrossRef
  • Endotracheal Tube Obstruction Among Patients Mechanically Ventilated for ARDS Due to COVID-19: A Case Series
    Samuel Wiles, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Scott Neuhofs, Sanjay Mukhopadhyay, Jordan P. Reynolds, Umur Hatipoğlu
    Journal of Intensive Care Medicine.2021; 36(5): 604.     CrossRef
  • Complete Endotracheal Tube Transection by Patient Bite: A Case Report and Algorithm for Fragment Identification and Extraction
    Annette Ilg, Matthias Eikermann, Andrew J. Synn
    A&A Practice.2021; 15(3): e01428.     CrossRef
  • Importance of Capnography Monitoring in Critical Ill Patients
    Young-Kown Ko
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2017; 32(1): 79.     CrossRef
Original Article
Infection
Sepsis in Patients Receiving Immunosuppressive Drugs in Korea: Analysis of the National Insurance Database from 2009 to 2013
Seung-Young Oh, Songhee Cho, Hannah Lee, Eun Jin Chang, Se Hee Min, Ho Geol Ryu
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(4):249-257.   Published online November 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2015.30.4.249
  • 7,780 View
  • 181 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of immunosuppressants on in-hospital mortality from sepsis.
Methods
Using data of the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service, we collected data from patients who were admitted to the hospital due to sepsis from 2009 to 2013. Based on drugs commonly used for immunosuppression caused by various diseases, patients were divided into three groups; immunosuppressant group, steroid-only group, and control group. Patients with no history of immunosuppressants or steroids were assigned to the control group. To identify risk factors of in-hospital mortality in sepsis, we compared differences in patient characteristics, comorbidities, intensive care unit (ICU) care requirements, and immunodeficiency profiles. Subgroup analysis according to age was also performed.
Results
Of the 185,671 included patients, 13,935 (7.5%) were in the steroid-only group and 2,771 patients (1.5%) were in the immunosuppressant group. The overall in-hospital mortality was 38.9% and showed an increasing trend with age. The steroid-only group showed the lowest in-hospital mortality among the three groups except the patients younger than 30 years. The steroid-only group and immunosuppressant group received ICU treatment more frequently (p < 0.001), stayed longer in the hospital (p < 0.001), and showed higher medical expenditure (p < 0.001) compared to the normal group. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that age, male gender, comorbidities (especially malignancy), and ICU treatment had a significant effect on in-hospital mortality.
Conclusions
Despite longer hospital length of stay and more frequent need for ICU care, the in-hospital mortality was lower in patients taking immunosuppressive drugs than in patients not taking immunosuppressive drugs.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predictive performance of NEWS and qSOFA in immunocompromised sepsis patients at the emergency department
    Lisanne Boekhoud, Helena M. E. A. Schaap, Rick L. Huizinga, Tycho J. Olgers, Jan C. ter Maaten, Douwe F. Postma, Hjalmar R. Bouma
    Infection.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of Early Initiation of High-Dose Dexamethasone Therapy on Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines and Mortality in LPS-Challenged Mice
    Ji-young Son, Won Gun Kwack, Eun Kyoung Chung, Sooyoung Shin, Yeo Jin Choi
    Healthcare.2022; 10(7): 1247.     CrossRef
  • Alleviation of LPS-Induced Inflammation and Septic Shock by Lactiplantibacillus plantarum K8 Lysates
    Gayoung Kim, Kyeong-Hun Choi, Hangeun Kim, Dae-Kyun Chung
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2021; 22(11): 5921.     CrossRef
  • Critical Care Research Using “Big Data”: A Reality in the Near Future
    Kwangha Lee
    Acute and Critical Care.2018; 33(4): 269.     CrossRef
  • Should Very Old Patients Be Admitted to the Intensive Care Units?
    Jun Kwon Cha, In-Ae Song
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2017; 32(4): 376.     CrossRef
  • Sepsis in Immunocompromised Patients: Current Status in Korea
    Kwangha Lee
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2015; 30(4): 239.     CrossRef
Case Reports
Chylopericardial Tamponade in a Patient with Chylothorax after Pulmonary Lobectomy
Jin Sue Jeon, Ho Geol Ryu, Hannah Lee, Da Hye Yoo
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(4):327-330.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.4.327
  • 2,940 View
  • 64 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Chylopericardium is a very rare, yet potentially fatal, complication following intrathoracic surgery, and can further lead to other life-threatening complications such as cardiac tamponade. A 54-year-old female underwent right upper lobectomy for lung cancer. Chylothorax developed on the 2nd postoperative day, and was managed conservatively with dietary modification. On the 9th postoperative day, the patient suddenly developed hypotension and severe cardiac dysfunction requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation followed by VA ECMO. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large amount of pericardial effusion. Prompt pericardiocentesis was performed and the aspirated fluid showed features of chyle. Thoracic duct ligation with pericardial window operation was performed because the daily amount of chyle drained did not decrease after 3 weeks. Here, we review etiologies and therapeutic options of chylopericardial tamponade following intrathoracic surgery, which should not be underestimated even when the patient seems to demonstrate a good recovery.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Case of Chylopericardium Caused by Chylous Pleural Effusion Inflow from a Damaged Pericardium during Operation for Right Lung Cancer
    Masahiro MATSUNO, Kyo HIRAYAMA, Nobuo TSUNOOKA
    Nihon Rinsho Geka Gakkai Zasshi (Journal of Japan Surgical Association).2023; 84(6): 868.     CrossRef
  • A case of cardiac tamponade caused by chylopericardium after mediastinal lymph node dissection for recurrence of lung cancer
    Shinsuke Kitazawa, Kojiro Nakaoka, Naohiro Kobayashi, Shinji Kikuchi, Yukinobu Goto, Yukio Sato
    The Journal of the Japanese Association for Chest Surgery.2017; 31(2): 181.     CrossRef
  • Isolated Chylopericardium after Mitral Valve Replacement: the First Description of Adult Heart Disease in Korea
    Su Wan Kim, Seogjae Lee
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2014; 29(2): 123.     CrossRef
Management of Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis with a Superior Vena Cava Filter - A Case Report -
Wooil Kwon, Ho Geol Ryu, Hannah Lee, Yongjae Yoo
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(1):59-63.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.1.59
  • 2,472 View
  • 24 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) is relatively uncommon and superior vena cava (SVC) filter placements are not often encountered due to strict indication. A 33-year old male with underlying protein C/S deficiency and secondary liver cirrhosis was admitted because of hematemesis. The patient was conservatively managed, but underwent elective splenectomy to prevent aggravation of gastric varix. During postoperative care, the patient underwent cholecystectomy for acalculous cholecystitis. During the postoperative course, UEDVT was detected and heparinization was initiated. The patient experienced repeated attacks of severe dyspnea, which was accompanied by chest pain that lasted for 3 to 10 minutes. Repeated episodes of pulmonary thromboembolism were suspected and SVC filter was placed. Warfarin treatment was initiated and the SVC filter was removed about one month later. The case highlights the clinical significance of UEDVT and reports rare case of SVC filter placement. Intensivists should have comprehensive understanding of UEDVT and its management.
Original Article
Effect of Clinical Pharmacist Interventions on Prevention of Adverse Drug Events in Surgical Intensive Care Unit
Minkyong Kang, Ahjeong Kim, Yoonsook Cho, Hyangsook Kim, Hyesook Lee, Yong Jae Yu, Hannah Lee, Kyu Joo Park, Hee pyoung Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(1):17-24.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.1.17
  • 3,305 View
  • 95 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
A pharmacist's participation in medical rounds in intensive care unit (ICU) is becoming popular nowadays. In this study, we investigated the effect of pharmacologic intervention by a pharmacist's participation in medical round in ICU on prevention of adverse drug events (ADEs).
METHODS
From March 2011 to July 2011, the intervention data were obtained by participating in medical round two or three times a week, and by reviewing electronic medical records of patients admitted to surgical ICU. The incidence, cause, and type of ADEs were noted, respectively. Expected cost avoidance was calculated from interventions, which were considered to be preventive of ADEs. The acceptance rate of pharmacologic interventions was noted.
RESULTS
Among 2781 patients, a total of 159 intervention data were collected in 90 patients. Recommendation for drug dosage adjustment or monitoring in patients with potential overdose and sub-therapeutic dose made up 82% of the total interventions. In 8% of interventions, initiation of drug therapy was recommended. 83% of the interventions were accepted and the acceptance rate of interventions within 24 hrs was 58%. The rate of the interventions, which were considered to be preventive of ADEs was 62%. Expected cost reduction obtained by preventing ADEs was 25,867,083 Won during a 5-month period.
CONCLUSIONS
A pharmacist's participation in physician rounds in ICU was associated with prevention of ADEs and subsequent reduction of the cost in drug therapy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • What is impacting clinical pharmacists’ participation in an interprofessional ward round: a thematic analysis of a national survey
    Dona Babu, Sally Marotti, Debra Rowett, Renly Lim, Alice Wisdom, Lisa Kalisch Ellett
    Journal of Interprofessional Care.2024; 38(3): 444.     CrossRef
  • A Systematic Review of Outcomes Research in the Hospital Pharmacists’ Interventions in South Korea
    So Young Lee, Eun Cho
    Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy.2019; 29(3): 193.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Medication Reconciliation and Cost Avoidance Analysis by Clinical Pharmacists in a Neurocritical Care Unit
    Ui Sang Cho, Young Joo Song, Young Mi Jung, Kyung Suk Choi, Eunsook Lee, Euni Lee, Moon-Ku Han
    Journal of Neurocritical Care.2018; 11(2): 110.     CrossRef
  • Pharmacotherapeutic Problems and Pharmacist Interventions in a Medical Intensive Care Unit
    Tae Yun Park, Sang-Min Lee, Sung Eun Kim, Ka-Eun Yoo, Go Wun Choi, Yun Hee Jo, Yoonsook Cho, Hyeon Joo Hahn, Jinwoo Lee, A Jeong Kim
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2015; 30(2): 82.     CrossRef
Case Report
A Case of Wernicke's Encephalopathy in a Postoperative Patient with Parenteral Nutrition and Temporary Oral Feeding: A Case Report
Hannah Lee, Eun Hye Lee, Sang Chul Lee, Hee Pyoung Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2010;25(3):186-189.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2010.25.3.186
  • 2,692 View
  • 26 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Wernicke's encephalopathy is an acute neurological disorder, caused by thiamine deficiency, which is clinically characterized by a triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and disturbances of consciousness. Most frequently, the encephalopathy is a consequence of chronic alcoholism, but it may occur in other forms of malnutrition or malabsorption, such as in prolonged parenteral nutrition without the addition of thiamine, total gastrectomy, gastrojejunostomy, severe anorexia or hyperemesis gravidarum. Thiamine requirement increases during critical illness and in chronically depleted patients, and its supplementation may influence the outcome of the disease. We report a case of a 73-year-old man, who presented with recurred colon cancer, who was affected by Wernicke's encephalopathy while undergoing oral feeding and parenteral nutrition. This case suggests that we should be more aware of potential thiamine deficiency in critically ill patients, even those undergoing parenteral nutrition and temporary oral feeding.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Two Cases of Wernicke's Encephalopathy That Developed during Total Parenteral Nutrition in Colon Cancer Patients Treated with 5-Fluorouracil-based Chemotherapy
    Kyung Pyo Cho, Jae Sung Lee, Ji Seok Seong, Yong Moon Woo, Young Jun Cho, Beom Jin Jeong, Jee Hoon Sohn, Su-Jung Kim
    The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology.2014; 64(3): 158.     CrossRef
  • Experiences of Wet Beriberi and Wernicke's Encephalopathy Caused by Thiamine Deficiency in Critically Ill Patients
    Ji Young Jang, Hongjin Shim, Jae Gil Lee
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(2): 156.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care