Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

ACC : Acute and Critical Care

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Previous issues

Page Path
HOME > Issue > Previous issues
13 Previous issues
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Authors
Volume 24 (3); December 2009
Prev issue Next issue
Review
The Subspecialty Certification for Critical Care Medicine in Korea
Dong Chan Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):117-123.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.117
  • 2,030 View
  • 28 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
The Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine (KSCCM) has introduced the Subspecialty System for Critical Care Medicine in Korea under the auspices of the Korean Academy of Medical Sciences (KAMS) in March 2008. Nine medical societies that included the Korean Association of Internal Medicine, the Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, the Korean Society of Anesthesiology, the Korean Neurological Association, the Korean Neurosurgical Society, the Korean Surgical Society, the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine, the Korean Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery and the Korean Pediatric Society participated to the new critical care subspecialty. The Board of Critical Care should be certified again every 5 year after achieving the required qualification by the KSCCM. This paper summarizes the Subspecialty Certification System for Critical Care Medicine in Korea.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Impact of staffing model conversion from a mandatory critical care consultation model to a closed unit model in the medical intensive care unit
    Sung Jun Ko, Jaeyoung Cho, Sun Mi Choi, Young Sik Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Chul-Gyu Yoo, Jinwoo Lee, Sang-Min Lee, Robert Jeenchen Chen
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(10): e0259092.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Effect of the Neutrophil Elastase Inhibitor on Acute Lung Injury after Pulmonary Resection for Lung Cancer: A Preliminary Study
So Young Park, Sunghoon Park, Kyeongman Jeon, So Yeon Lim, Maeng Real Park, Sueah Kim, Jae Uk Song, Jhin Gook Kim, O Jung Kwon, Gee Young Suh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):124-128.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.124
  • 2,386 View
  • 21 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are the leading causes of death after lungresection. Neutrophil elastase is thought to be an important mediator in the pathogenesis of ALI. Sivelestat is a new neutrophil elastase inhibitor which may improve the outcome in patients with ALI/ARDS after lung resection. The objective of this study was to determine whether or not sivelestat can reduce mortality in patients with ALI after pulmonary resection for lung cancer.
METHODS
This study was a retrospective case-control study of twenty three patients who developed ALI/ARDS within seven days of lung resection for lung cancer. The control group (n = 12) received standard care, while the sivelestat group (n = 11) received a continuous infusion of sivelestat (0.2 mg/kg/hr) for seven days in addition to standard care.
RESULTS
There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics between the control and sivelestat groups, except for heart rate. Six of twelve patients (50%) in the control group survived, while seven of twelve patients (64%) survived in the sivelestat group (p = 0.34). There was also no significant difference between the two groups in the progression to ARDS. In the sivelelestat group, survivors had lower APACHE II and SOFA scores than the patients in the control group.
CONCLUSIONS
There was no additional effect of a neutrophil elastase inhibitor in the treatment of ALI after pulmonary resection for lung cancer.
Analysis of Nutritional Support Status in the Intensive Care Unit
Seong Shin Moon, Hyungsun Lim, Jin Wook Choi, Deok Kyu Kim, Jeong Woo Lee, Seonghoon Ko, Dong Chan Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):129-133.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.129
  • 2,434 View
  • 50 Download
  • 12 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Nutritional support is important in intensive care for critically ill patients in an effort to decrease the mortality and morbidity. This study was conducted to evaluate the propriety of nutritional support and to understand the effect of a nutrition consultationin critically ill patients to assess and analyze nutritional status.
METHODS
Between January and December 2006, patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) > or = 7 days and between 20 and 80 years of age were included. Patients transferred to another hospital, patients discharged against medicine advice, and patients with unknown weight were excluded. Two hundred sixty-two patients were enrolled. The demographic data of patients and the state of nutritional support were reviewed by medical records.
RESULTS
Two hundred sixty-two patients stayed in the ICU a mean of 16.0 +/- 9.8 days and received nutrition support for 11.0 +/- 8.4 days. Except 15 patients who did not receivenutritional support, the mean daily calculated caloric requirement of 247 patients was 1,406.2 +/- 253.8 kcal, the mean daily delivered caloric amount was 899.5 +/- 338.7 kcal, and the total delivered/required caloric ratio was 66.4 +/- 28.1%. The total delivered/required caloric ratio of the patients who received a nutritional consultation and the patients who did not receive nutritional consultation were 72.6 +/- 25.8% and 55.9 +/- 33.3%.
CONCLUSIONS
In this study, we identified that critically ill patients received insufficient nutritional support. We recommend continuous monitoring and management for nutritional support by systematic administration of nutritional support teams.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Analysis of Current Status and Predisposing Factors for Nutritional Support of Patients in Surgical Intensive Care Unit
    Byung Chul Kim, In Kyu Lee, Eun Young Kim
    Surgical Metabolism and Nutrition.2016; 7(2): 32.     CrossRef
  • The effect of nutritional supply on clinical outcomes and nutritional status in critically ill patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy
    Ju Yeun Kim, Ji-Myung Kim, Yuri Kim
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2015; 48(3): 211.     CrossRef
  • Nutritional Assessment of ICU Inpatients with Tube Feeding
    Yu-Jin Kim, Jung-Sook Seo
    Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association.2015; 21(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • Nutrition-Related Factors Predicted Pressure Ulcers in Intensive Care Unit Patients*
    Ha Nee Lee, Jeong Sook Park
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2014; 21(4): 413.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of nutritional status indicators according to feeding methods in patients with acute stroke
    Sanghee Kim, Youngsoon Byeon
    Nutritional Neuroscience.2014; 17(3): 138.     CrossRef
  • Nutritional Support, Gastric Residual Volume and Nutritional Status during Enteral Nutrition in Intensive Care Unit Patients
    Minju Lee, Jiyeon Kang
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2014; 26(6): 621.     CrossRef
  • Development and Evaluation of an Enteral Nutrition Protocol for Dysphagia in Patients with Acute Stroke
    Sung-Hee Yoo, So-Sun Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2014; 44(3): 280.     CrossRef
  • Nutrition Support in the Intensive Care Unit of 6 Korean Tertiary Teaching Hospitals: A National Multicenter Observational Study
    Song Mi Lee, Seon Hyeung Kim, Yoon Kim, Eunmee Kim, Hee Joon Baek, Seungmin Lee, Hosun Lee, Chul Ho Chang, Cheung Soo Shin
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2012; 27(3): 157.     CrossRef
  • Healthcare Professional's Knowledge, Perception and Performance on Early Enteral Nutrition for Critically Ill Patients
    Sun Hee Yun, Sun Jung Kim, Eui Geum Oh
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2012; 27(1): 36.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Nutrition Support Team Services on Outcomes in ICU Patients
    Yeon Hwa MO, Jinnie RHEE, Eui-Kyung LEE
    YAKUGAKU ZASSHI.2011; 131(12): 1827.     CrossRef
  • Degree of Nutritional Support and Nutritional Status in MICU Patients
    Soo Na Chi, Jea Young Ko, Su Ha Lee, Eun Hwa Lim, Kuk Hwan Kown, Mi Seon Yoon, Eun Sook Kim
    The Korean Journal of Nutrition.2011; 44(5): 384.     CrossRef
  • Physician Compliance with Tube Feeding Protocol Improves Nutritional and Clinical Outcomes in Acute Lung Injury Patients
    Sungwon Na, Hosun Lee, Shin Ok Koh, Ai Soon Park, A Reum Han
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2010; 25(3): 136.     CrossRef
The Usefulness of Lactate Clearance Adjusted to Time as a Predictive Index in Patients with Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock
Jung Hwan Ahn, Sang Cheon Choi, Young Gi Min, Yoon Seok Jung, Sung Hee Chung, Young Joo Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):134-139.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.134
  • 2,445 View
  • 30 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The lactate concentration should be used to examine the severity of sepsis or any state of shock. This study was conducted to investigate the prognostic power of the lactate clearance, as adjusted for time, between the survivors and nonsurvivors of patients with severe sepsis or septic shock.
METHODS
The study was performed on 67 patients over 16 years old and who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with severe sepsis or septic shock. They were divided into the survivors (n = 37) and nonsurvivors (n = 30). The blood lactate concentrations were assayed at intervals ranging from 8 to 24 hours and the APACHE III scoring was done daily for 2 weeks or until discharge or death. The lactate clearance, as adjusted for time, was defined using the following formula: [(the maximal lactate concentration - the normal lactate concentration)/the time to normalize the lactate concentration] x 1,000.
RESULTS
There were no significant differences of age, gender and the length of the ICU stay between the survivors and non-survivors. There were significant difference of the time to measuring the maximal serum lactate concentration (3.2 +/- 12.3 hours vs. 28.8 +/- 64.6 hours, respectively; p = 0.037), the lactate clearance, as adjusted for time (132.27 +/- 112.88 mol/L . hour vs. 59.67 +/- 72.60 mol/L . hour, respectively; p = 0.002), the lactate clearance during 24 hours (46.0 +/- 26.3% vs. 22.6 +/- 45.6%, respectively; p = 0.018) and the APACHE III score (67.6 +/- 22.7 vs. 83.9 +/- 21.6, respectively; p = 0.005) between the survivors and non-survivors. The lactate clearance, as adjusted for time and the APACHE III score were the predictive factors for survival on the logistic regression analysis (odd ratio 0.987; p = 0.028 vs. odd ratio 1.046; p = 0.006).
CONCLUSIONS
Lactate clearance, as adjusted for time, could be used as a prognostic index, as well as the APACHE III score, for patients with severe sepsis or septic shock.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Lactate Clearance and Outcome in Septic Shock Patients with Low Level of Initial Lactate
    Yun Su Sim, Cho Rom Hahm, So Yeon Lim, Gee Young Suh, Kyeongman Jeon
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2011; 26(2): 78.     CrossRef
Severe Health-care Associated Pneumonia among the Solid Cancer Patients on Chemotherapy
Maeng Real Park, So Young Park, Kyeongman Jeon, Won Jung Koh, Man Pyo Chung, Hojoong Kim, O Jung Kwon, Gee Young Suh, Jin Seok Ahn, Myung Ju Ahn, Ho Yeong Lim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):140-144.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.140
  • 2,111 View
  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
There are only inadequate studies on the characteristics of severe pneumonia in the patients who have solid cancer and who are treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy and also on the usefulness of the various severity index scores.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed 31 patients who were treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy because of solid cancer and who were admitted to the medical ICU at Samsung Medical Center from April 2007 to August 2008.
RESULTS
The median age of the 31 patients was 64 years old (34-79). The types of solid cancer were lung cancer (19, 61.3%), gastroesophageal cancer (4, 12.9%), breast cancer (2, 6.5%), liver cancer (1, 3.2%), ovarian cancer (1, 3.2%) and other types of cancer (4, 12.9%). The hospital mortality rate was 64.5%. We were able to determine the pathogen of 19 (61.3%) patients; S. pneumoniae (6), S. aureus (3), Candida species (3), P. aeruginosa (2), K. pneumoniae (1), Pneumocystis jiroveci (1) and others (3). There were no statistically differences of the laboratory data and severity index scores (PSI, CURB-65, APACHE II, SOFA, SAPS 3) between the survivors and nonsurvivors, except the P/F ratio.
CONCLUSIONS
The hospital mortality rate of severe pneumonia in patients who had solid cancer and who received cytotoxic chemotherapy was high. The major pathogen was S. pneumoniae. The severity indexes for general pneumonia were not useful to these patients.
Multicenter Prospective Observational Study about the Usage Patterns of Sedatives, Analgesics and Neuromuscular Blocking Agents in the Patients Requiring More Than 72 Hours Mechanical Ventilation in Intensive Care Units of Korea
Hang Jea Jang, Seung Won Ra, Bum Jin Oh, Chae Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Sang Bum Hong
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):145-151.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.145
  • 2,213 View
  • 42 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
To investigate the usage patterns of sedatives, analgesics and neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in patients requiring mechanical ventilation more than 72 hours in intensive care units (ICUs) of Korea.
METHODS
A total of 536 patients continuing mechanical ventilation more than 72 hours had been enrolled among the twenty-one ICUs of Korea from May 2003 to July 2003. Data about mechanical ventilation, the use of sedatives, analgesics, and NMBAs were prospectively collected for four weeks. We analyzed the patterns of using these drugs and effects on outcomes.
RESULTS
More than half of the patients (50.4%) received sedative drug alone. Most commonly used sedatives and analgesics were midazolam and morphine. NMBAs were administered in 41% of the patients. Volume controlled ventilation mode was associated with more frequent use of NMBAs. There were no significant differences in outcome variables among the usage patterns of sedatives, analgesics and NMBAs.
CONCLUSIONS
Our investigation shows that analgesics were much less frequently used in the intensive care units of Korea compared with the use of sedatives. And the use of NMBAs were quite a common.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Change in management and outcome of mechanical ventilation in Korea: a prospective observational study
    Jae Kyeom Sim, Sang-Min Lee, Hyung Koo Kang, Kyung Chan Kim, Young Sam Kim, Yun Seong Kim, Won-Yeon Lee, Sunghoon Park, So Young Park, Ju-Hee Park, Yun Su Sim, Kwangha Lee, Yeon Joo Lee, Jin Hwa Lee, Heung Bum Lee, Chae-Man Lim, Won-Il Choi, Ji Young Hong
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2022; 37(3): 618.     CrossRef
  • Pressure Ulcer Prevalence and Risk Factors at the Time of Intensive Care Unit Admission
    Hye Ran Kwak, Jiyeon Kang
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2015; 27(3): 347.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Demographics and Outcomes in Mechanically Ventilated Patients in Korean Intensive Care Units
    Byeong-Ho Jeong, Gee Young Suh, Jin Young An, Moo Suk Park, Jin Hwa Lee, Myung-Goo Lee, Je Hyeong Kim, Yun Seong Kim, Hye Sook Choi, Kyung Chan Kim, Won-Yeon Lee, Younsuck Koh
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2014; 29(6): 864.     CrossRef
Case Reports
Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Induced after Postoperative ICU Care: Case Reports
Kuk Hui Son, Jae Seung Jung, Kwang Taik Kim, Kyung Sun, Ho Sung Son, Jae Yoon Song, Yong Hyun Kim, Sung Ho Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):152-155.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.152
  • 2,189 View
  • 25 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
'Takotsubo cardiomyopathy' or 'stress-induced cardiomyopathy' is a newly described clinical entity that's characterized by transient left ventricular apical ballooning and left ventricular apical dyskinesis in the absence of any angiographic feature of significant coronary artery disease. The cause of takotsubo cardiomyopathy is unclear, but catecholamines probably play a role in the genesis of takotsubo cardiomyopathy. We report here on two cases of takotsubo cardiomyopathy that occurred during ICU care.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Stress-induced Cardiomyopathy Following Cesarean Delivery with Hemorrhagic Shock - A Case Report -
    Youn Yi Jo, Ja Young Kwon, Yoon-Seong Jang, Yong Seon Choi
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2011; 26(1): 34.     CrossRef
Foot Necrosis Following Percutaneous Cannulation of the Dorsalis Pedis Artery: A Case Report
Hyun Young Lee, Bo Yeon Yu, Sang Hun Kim, Tae Hun An, Chuog Dal Chung, Byung Sik Yu, Keum Young So, Kyung Joon Lim, Nam Soo Cho
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):156-159.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.156
  • 2,335 View
  • 29 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Arterial canuulation is generally used to monitor blood pressure and sample blood for gas analysis. Radial and dorsalis pedis arteries are commonly used for arterial cannulation. It is a simple, safe, and uncomplicated procedure, but some complications have been reported, including bleeding, hematoma, infection, pseudoaneurysm, and thromboembolism. Although thromboembolism is not common, it could be serious because it can lead to digital ischemia and necrosis. We present a case of foot necrosis following dorsalis pedis artery cannulation in a 65-year-old patient who underwent small bowel resection.
Unexpected Intra-operative Pulmonary Thromboemolism during Elective Mastoidectomy: A Case Report
Hyun Jeong Kwak, Hee Yeon Park, Hong Soon Kim, Sung Ho Choi, Kyung Cheon Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):160-163.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.160
  • 2,026 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We report on a 45-year-old patient who sustained an intra-operative pulmonary thromboembolism during elective mastoidectomy under general anesthesia. At the end of surgery, the patient developed hemodynamic compromise and exhibited T wave inversion on electrocardiogram. Echocardiography showed an echogenic mass in the right pulmonary artery and pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary thromboembolism is rare in the field of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery; however, it may develop, resulting in a fatal outcome. It is thus important to establish the diagnosis early and prevent such serious complications.
Successful Embolectomy of a Pulmonary Saddle Embolism Post-cesarean Section Complicated by Cardiac Arrest: A Case Report
Jae Jun Lee, Jin Kim, Hyoung Soo Kim, Min Sun Kyung, Eu Sun Ro, Sung Mi Hwang, So Young Lim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):164-167.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.164
  • 1,954 View
  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A 41-year-old female underwent an uneventful cesarean section, which was followed by a pulmonary saddle embolism complicated by cardiac arrest. This case shows that successful embolectomy is possible, despite a potentially lethal pulmonary saddle embolism, 34 cm in length, and intra-operative cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We report our case and discuss the anesthetic considerations based on the literature.
Delayed Onset of Malignant Hyperthermia: A Case Report
Jeong Wook Lim, Seok Kon Yeo, Seong Hwan Yang, In Seok Hwang, Jong Soo Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):168-171.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.168
  • 2,131 View
  • 28 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Malignant hyperthermia is a potentially fatal genetic and metabolic myopathy that presents with high fever, and muscle rigidity, and it often occurs after administering anesthetic medication. Most cases of malignant hyperthermia occur during anesthesia or surgery, but delayed malignant hyperthermia is very rare, and if it is detected late, it has a high mortality rate. A 39-year-old male with an acute subdural hematoma underwent decompressive craniectomy without any intraoperative medical problems, but a high fever above 40degrees C occurred after 8 hours and he was dead in spite of aggressive management after 48 hours postoperatively. We present here a case of delayed malignant hyperthermia along with a review of the related literature.
Acute Respiratory Failure from Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis in an Immunocompetent Adult: A Case Report
Jong Sun Park, Jae Joon Yim, Seok Chul Yang, Chul Gyu Yoo, Young Whan Kim, Sung Koo Han, Young Soo Shim, Sang Min Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):172-175.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.172
  • 2,252 View
  • 31 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis has traditionally been known as a disease of an immunocompromised host. We report here on a case of an immunocompetent 73-year-old male who presented with dyspnea and he was finally diagnosed as suffering with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. He died from progressive respiratory failure and secondary bacterial sepsis despite of voriconazole treatment. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses in patients with atypical pneumonia that does not respond to the usual antibiotics therapy, and even if the patient does not have an obvious history of an immunosuppressive status. An early suspicion with prompt treatment is important to improve the patient outcome.
Extreme Drug Resistant Acinetobacter Nosocomial Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Treated Successfully with Tigecycline and Amikacin in Intensive Care Unit: A Case Report
So Yeon Lim, So Young Park, Kyeongman Jeon, Gee Young Suh, Suhyun Kim, Kyong Ran Peck, Doo Ryeon Chung
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(3):176-180.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.3.176
  • 2,220 View
  • 25 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Infections due to multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii have become a challenging problem in intensive care units. Tigecycline is a derivative of minocyline, and has provided new hope for the treatment of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii infections. Because isolates showing reduced susceptibility to minocycline or tigecycline have emerged in many countries, empirical combination therapy has become common practice to treat patients infected with extreme drug-resistant A. baumannii. Herein we report a case of extreme drug-resistant A. baumannii infection successfully treated with tigecycline and amikacin.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Clinical Characteristics in Patients with Carbapenem-ResistantAcinetobacter baumanniiIsolates from Tracheal Secretions
    Jeong Ha Mok, Mi Hyun Kim, Kwangha Lee, Ki Uk Kim, Hye-Kyung Park, Min Ki Lee
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(3): 173.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care