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Original Article
Methylprednisolone pulse therapy for critically ill patients with COVID-19: a cohort study
Keum-Ju Choi, Soo Kyun Jung, Kyung Chan Kim, Eun Jin Kim
Acute Crit Care. 2023;38(1):57-67.   Published online February 7, 2023
Correction in: Acute Crit Care 2023;38(2):249
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The guidelines recommend the use of dexamethasone 6 mg or an equivalent dose in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who require supplemental oxygen. Given that the severity of COVID-19 varies, we investigated the effect of a pulse dose of corticosteroids on the clinical course of critically ill patients with COVID-19. Methods: This single-center, retrospective cohort study was conducted between September and December 2021, which was when the Delta variant of the COVID-19 virus was predominant. We evaluated the mortality and oxygenation of severe to critical COVID-19 cases between groups that received dexamethasone 6 mg for 10 days (control group) and methylprednisolone 250 mg/day for 3 days (pulse group). Results: Among 44 patients, 14 and 30 patients were treated with control steroids and pulse steroids, respectively. There was no difference in disease severity, time from COVID-19 diagnosis to steroid administration, or use of remdesivir or antibacterial agents between the two groups. The pulse steroid group showed a significant improvement in oxygenation before and after steroid treatment (P<0.001) compared with the control steroid group (P=0.196). There was no difference in in-hospital mortality (P=0.186); however, the pulse steroid group had a lower mortality rate (23.3%) than the control steroid group (42.9%). There was a significant difference in the length of hospital stay between both two groups (P=0.039). Conclusions: Pulse steroids showed no mortality benefit but were associated with oxygenation improvement and shorter hospital stay than control steroids. Hyperglycemia should be carefully monitored with pulse steroids.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Baricitinib and Pulse Steroids Combination Treatment in Hyperinflammatory COVID-19: A Rheumatological Approach in the Intensive Care Unit
    Francesco Ferro, Gaetano La Rocca, Elena Elefante, Nazzareno Italiano, Michele Moretti, Rosaria Talarico, Erika Pelati, Katia Valentini, Chiara Baldini, Roberto Mozzo, Luigi De Simone, Marta Mosca
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2024; 25(13): 7273.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care