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Case Report
Ventricular Fibrillation Soon after Endobronchial Epinephrine Application in a Young Man: A Case Report
Young Min Shin, Jong Hyung Kim, Hyung Wook Kim, Bo Sik Choi, Jin Gyu Jeong, Jung Won Hwang, Kwang Won Seo, Jong Joon Ahn, Seung Won Ra
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(4):276-280.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.4.276
  • 2,731 View
  • 21 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest rarely occur after local application of epinephrine. Local and superficial application of epinephrine is a common hemostatic method during bronchoscopy, especially after biopsies. Although high plasma levels following endobronchial application of epinephrine have been observed in previous animal studies, there is no report of ventricular fibrillation after a usual dose of endobronchial application of epinephrine during bronchoscopy. We present a case of endobronchial epinephrine-induced ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest in a 31-year-old man with no previous history of cardiac disease.

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  • Stress Related Cardiomyopathy during Flexible Bronchoscopy
    Jung Ar Shin, Ji Yoon Ha, Sang Yong Kim, Byoung Kwon Lee, Hyung Jung Kim, Chul Min Ahn, Yoon Soo Chang
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(2): 127.     CrossRef
Original Article
Adequacy of Epinephrine Administration during Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support in terms of Dosing and Intervals between Doses
Seung Joon Lee, Byung Kook Lee, Kyung Woon Jeung, Hyoung Youn Lee, Tag Heo, Yong Il Min, Jong Geun Yun, Jae Hoon Lim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(2):69-77.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.2.69
  • 2,549 View
  • 26 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Consensus guidelines clearly define how epinephrine is administered during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In South Korea, it is not known whether epinephrine is administered in accordance with the current advanced cardiovascular life support (ACLS) guidelines during actual practice. We sought to investigate adherence to ACLS guidelines during actual CPR in terms of the dose of epinephrine and the interval between doses.
METHODS
A retrospective review of medical records was performed on 394 adult cardiac arrest patients who received CPR at an emergency room. Data including the duration of CPR, the dose of epinephrine, and the interval between doses was collected from CPR records.
RESULTS
Standard-dose epinephrine (1 mg) was used in 166 of 394 patients (42.1%). In 58.8% of patients, the average between-dose interval was within the 3-5 min recommended in the guidelines, whereas it was shorter than 3 min in 31.4% of patients. As a whole, epinephrine was administered in accordance with the current ACLS guidelines in only 96 of 394 patients (24.4%). Logistic regression analysis revealed the duration of CPR to be an independent factor affecting the use of standard-dose epinephrine and the adequate between-dose interval.
CONCLUSIONS
Epinephrine was not administered according to the ACLS guideline in most patients. A national multi-center study is required to determine whether the poor adherence to the ACLS guideline is a widespread problem. In addition, efforts to improve adherence to the ACLS guideline are required.

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  • Reply to letter “Improving ROSC with high dose of epinephrine. Are we really?”
    Kyung Woon Jeung, Hyun Ho Ryu, Kyung Hwan Song, Byung Kook Lee, Hyoung Youn Lee, Tag Heo, Yong Il Min
    Resuscitation.2012; 83(3): e73.     CrossRef
Case Report
Topical Epinephrine-soaked Gauze-induced Ventricular Tachycardia during Skin Grafting: A Case Report
Jongyeon Lee, Hyeonjeong Yang, Mingu Kim, Hyunjue Gill, Kuemhee Chung, Sunghee Chung, Jieun Song, Sangwoo Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2009;24(1):42-46.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2009.24.1.42
  • 4,557 View
  • 85 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Topical epinephrine is useful to reduce bleeding during skin grafting. However, even though a clear operative field is obtained, systemic absorption of topical epinephrine can occur and this may cause severe hypertension, arrhythmias, ventricular tachycardia, myocardial ischemia, pulmonary edema, or cardiac arrest. We managed a case of cardiac arrhythmia during general anesthesia, which was induced by gauze soaked in topical epinephrine used for skin grafting of burn wounds. A 26-year-old woman developed premature ventricular complexes and ventricular tachycardia during surgery when epinephrine-soaked gauze was applied to the skin donor and burn wound sites to control oozing. The patient was resuscitated immediately and within 10 minutes the vital signs had normalized. It is recommended that caution is exercised when epinephrine-soaked gauze is applied to a large area of skin.

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  • Ventricular Fibrillation Soon after Endobronchial Epinephrine Application in a Young Man -A Case Report-
    Young Min Shin, Jong Hyung Kim, Hyung Wook Kim, Bo Sik Choi, Jin-Gyu Jeong, Jung Won Hwang, Kwang Won Seo, Jong-Joon Ahn, Seung Won Ra
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2011; 26(4): 276.     CrossRef
Original Article
The Effect of Low-dose Dopamine on Splanchnic and Renal Blood Flow in Patients with Septic Shock under the Treatment of Norepinephrine
Jong Joon Ahn, Tae Hyung Kim, Ki Man Lee, Tae Sun Shim, Chae Man Lim, Sang Do Lee, Woo Sung Kim, Dong Soon Kim, Won Dong Kim, Younsuck Koh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2001;16(1):36-41.
  • 1,753 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Norepinephrine, which is frequently administered as a vasopressor to the patients with septic shock, can decrease splanchnic and renal blood flows and aggravate splanchnic and renal ischemia. The low-dose dopamine (LDD) has been frequently combined with norepinephrine to ameliorate renal and splanchnic hypoperfusion in patients with septic shock. However, the effect of the LDD on the splanchnic and renal blood flow has not been fully elucidated. This investigation was carried out to determine the effect of the LDD on the splanchnic and renal blood flow in the patients with septic shock under the treatment of norepinephrine.
METHODS
Eleven patients with septic shock were included in this study. All of them were under the norepinephrine treatment as the mean arterial pressure (MAP) was less than 70 mm Hg in spite of the adequate fluid resuscitation. With stabilization of MAP, the LDD (2 g/kg/min) was administered for two hours in each patients. Hemodynamics, gastric intramucosal pH (pHi), gastric regional PCO2 (rPCO2), rPCO2 - PaCO2, urine volume, urine sodium excretion and creatinine clearance were compared between with and without the LDD infusion. Diuretics was not used during the study period.
RESULTS
Age of patients (n=11) was 64 12 and the APACHE III score was 84 17. The mortality rate of the subjects was 64%. Dosage of norepinephrine was 0.55 0.63 g/kg/min during the study period. There were no significant differences in hemodynamics (central venous pressure, cardiac output, pulmonary artery occlusion pressure, mixed venous gas), pHi, rPCO2, rPCO2 - PaCO2 depending on the concomitant infusion of the LDD. The volume of urine tended to increase (P=0.074) after concomitant LDD, but the changes in urine sodium excretion and creatinine clearance were not significantly different.
CONCLUSIONS
The combined infusion of the LDD with norepinephrine did not improve splanchnic and renal blood flow in the patients with septic shock.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care