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Pulmonary
Factors influencing sleep quality in the intensive care unit: a descriptive pilot study in Korea
Yoon Hae Ahn, Hong Yeul Lee, Sang-Min Lee, Jinwoo Lee
Acute Crit Care. 2023;38(3):278-285.   Published online August 11, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2023.00514
  • 2,532 View
  • 193 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
As sleep disturbances are common in the intensive care unit (ICU), this study assessed the sleep quality in the ICU and identified barriers to sleep.
Methods
Patients admitted to the ICUs of a tertiary hospital between June 2022 and December 2022 who were not mechanically ventilated at enrollment were included. The quality of sleep (QoS) at home was assessed on a visual analog scale as part of an eight-item survey, while the QoS in the ICU was evaluated using the Korean version of the Richards-Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (K-RCSQ). Good QoS was defined by a score of ≥50.
Results
Of the 30 patients in the study, 19 reported a QoS score <50. The Spearman correlation coefficient showed no meaningful relationship between the QoS at home and the overall K-RCSQ QoS score in the ICU (r=0.16, P=0.40). The most common barriers to sleep were physical discomfort (43%), being awoken for procedures (43%), and feeling unwell (37%); environmental factors including noise (30%) and light (13%) were also identified sources of sleep disruption. Physical discomfort (median [interquartile range]: 32 [28.0–38.0] vs. 69 [42.0–80.0], P=0.004), being awoken for procedures (36 [20.0–48.0] vs. 54 [36.0–80.0], P=0.04), and feeling unwell (31 [18.0–42.0] vs. 54 [40.0–76.0], P=0.01) were associated with lower K-RCSQ scores.
Conclusions
In the ICU, physical discomfort, patient care interactions, and feeling unwell were identified as barriers to sleep.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Could fever dreams influence sleep in intensive care units?
    Jeng Swen Ng, Sheryn Tan, Sanjana Santhosh, Brandon Stretton, Joshua Kovoor, Aashray Gupta, Stephen Bacchi
    Acute and Critical Care.2024; 39(2): 327.     CrossRef
  • Different nursing interventions on sleep quality among critically ill patients: A systematic review and network meta-analysis
    Daijin Huang, Yumei Li, Jing Ye, Chang Liu, Dongyan Shen, Yunhui Lv
    Medicine.2023; 102(52): e36298.     CrossRef
Nursing
Improving mobility in the intensive care unit with a protocolized, early mobilization program: observations of a single center before-and-after the implementation of a multidisciplinary program
Laptin Ho, Joe Hin Cheung Tsang, Emmanuel Cheung, Wing Yan Chan, Ka Wai Lee, Sweetie R Lui, Chung Yau Lee, Alfred Lok Hang Lee, Philip Koon Ngai Lam
Acute Crit Care. 2022;37(3):286-294.   Published online June 29, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2021.01564
  • 8,733 View
  • 396 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
Early intensive care unit (ICU) protocolized rehabilitative programs have been described previously, yet with differing starting time points and mostly on mechanically ventilated patients. We extended the concept to all admitted ICU patients and investigate the efficacy of early mobilization in improving mobility of the critically ill, address issues surrounding the timing and intensity of an early rehabilitative program.
Methods
Prospective cohorts of patients admitted consecutively before-and-after (control, n=92; intervention, n=90) the introduction of an early mobilization program in a single center, general hospital ICU. Improvement in mobility as assessed by ICU mobility score, on ICU admission and upon ICU discharge, was measured as a primary outcome.
Results
Those receiving early mobilization in the intensive care unit had higher ICU mobility score (2.63; 95% confidence interval, 0.65–4.61; P<0.001) upon discharge from the intensive care, with earlier out of bed mobilization on day 5 compared to the control group of day 21 (P<0.001). No differences were found in terms of mortality, intensive care hospitalization and subsequent hospitalization duration after discharge from ICU.
Conclusions
Here, we report that improvement in mobility score earlier in the course of intensive care hospitalization with the introduction of a protocolized early rehabilitative program.

Citations

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  • Early Active Mobilization during Mechanical Ventilation in the ICU

    New England Journal of Medicine.2023; 388(6): 572.     CrossRef
  • Yoğun Bakım Hastası İçin Erken Mobilizasyonun Önemi
    Ebubekir KAPLAN, Aylin AKTAŞ ÖZAKGÜL, Özkan SİR
    Sakarya Üniversitesi Holistik Sağlık Dergisi.2023; 6(3): 510.     CrossRef
Surgery
Association between postoperative fluid balance and mortality and morbidity in critically ill patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections: a retrospective study
Joohyun Sim, Jae Young Kwak, Yun Tae Jung
Acute Crit Care. 2020;35(3):189-196.   Published online August 19, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2020.00031
  • 5,603 View
  • 151 Download
  • 5 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
Postoperative fluid overload may increase the risk of developing pulmonary complications and other adverse outcomes. We evaluated the impact of excessive fluid administration on postoperative outcomes in critically ill patients.
Methods
We reviewed the medical records of 320 patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) after emergency abdominal surgery for complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) between January 2013 and December 2018. The fluid balance data of the patients were reviewed for a maximum of 7 days. The patients were grouped based on average daily fluid balance with a cutoff value of 20 ml/kg/day. Propensity score matching was performed to reduce the underlying differences between the groups.
Results
Patients with an average daily fluid balance of ≥20 ml/kg/day were associated with higher rates of 30-day mortality (11.8% vs. 2.4%; P=0.036) than those with lower fluid balance (<20 ml/kg/day). Kaplan-Meier survival curves for 30-day mortality in these groups also showed a better survival rate in the lower fluid balance group with a statistical significance (P=0.020). The percentage of patients who developed pulmonary consolidation during ICU stay (47.1% vs. 24.7%; P=0.004) was higher in the fluid-overloaded group. Percentages of newly developed pleural effusion (61.2% vs. 57.7%; P=0.755), reintubation (18.8% vs. 10.6%; P=0.194), and infectious complications (55.3% vs. 49.4%; P=0.539) showed no significant differences between the two groups.
Conclusions
Postoperative fluid overload in patients who underwent emergency surgery for cIAI was associated with higher 30-day mortality and more frequent occurrence of pulmonary consolidation. Postoperative fluid balance should be adjusted carefully to avoid adverse clinical outcomes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Complications during Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in COVID-19 and Non-COVID-19 Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    Andrea Bruni, Caterina Battaglia, Vincenzo Bosco, Corrado Pelaia, Giuseppe Neri, Eugenio Biamonte, Francesco Manti, Annachiara Mollace, Annalisa Boscolo, Michele Morelli, Paolo Navalesi, Domenico Laganà, Eugenio Garofalo, Federico Longhini
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2024; 13(10): 2871.     CrossRef
  • Fluid balance following laparotomy for hollow viscus perforation: A study of morbidity and mortality
    James Tankel, David Chayen, Sharon Einav
    Surgery in Practice and Science.2023; 12: 100146.     CrossRef
  • Risk of fluid accumulation after cardiac surgery
    Atte Koskinen, Jenni Aittokallio, Jarmo Gunn, Joonas Lehto, Arto Relander, Emma Viikinkoski, Tuija Vasankari, Juho Jalkanen, Maija Hollmén, Tuomas O. Kiviniemi
    JTCVS Open.2023; 16: 602.     CrossRef
  • Loop diuretics in adult intensive care patients with fluid overload: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis
    Sine Wichmann, Marija Barbateskovic, Ning Liang, Theis Skovsgaard Itenov, Rasmus Ehrenfried Berthelsen, Jane Lindschou, Anders Perner, Christian Gluud, Morten Heiberg Bestle
    Annals of Intensive Care.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Goal directed fluid removal with furosemide versus placebo in intensive care patients with fluid overload: A trial protocol for a randomised, blinded trial (GODIF trial)
    Sine Wichmann, Theis S. Itenov, Rasmus E. Berthelsen, Theis Lange, Anders Perner, Christian Gluud, Pia Lawson‐Smith, Lars Nebrich, Jørgen Wiis, Anne C. Brøchner, Thomas Hildebrandt, Meike T. Behzadi, Kristian Strand, Finn H. Andersen, Thomas Strøm, Mikko
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica.2022; 66(9): 1138.     CrossRef
  • Lung Ultrasound-Guided Fluid Management versus Standard Care in Surgical ICU Patients: A Randomised Controlled Trial
    Daniel-Mihai Rusu, Ioana Grigoraș, Mihaela Blaj, Ianis Siriopol, Adi-Ionut Ciumanghel, Gigel Sandu, Mihai Onofriescu, Olguta Lungu, Adrian Constantin Covic
    Diagnostics.2021; 11(8): 1444.     CrossRef
Liver
The role of bilirubin to albumin ratio as a predictor for mortality in critically ill patients without existing liver or biliary tract disease
Ji Soo Choi, Kyung Soo Chung, Eun Hye Lee, Su Hwan Lee, Sang Hoon Lee, Song Yee Kim, Ji Ye Jung, Young Ae Kang, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Joon Chang, Ah Young Leem
Acute Crit Care. 2020;35(1):24-30.   Published online February 29, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2019.00738
  • 7,112 View
  • 153 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Hyperbilirubinemia and hypoalbuminemia are frequently appeared and associated with poor prognosis in critically ill patients. We aim to evaluate the association between the bilirubin to albumin ratio and prognosis in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 731 patients who were admitted to the medical intensive care unit (MICU) at a tertiary-care center from July 2015 to September 2017. We analyzed the bilirubin to albumin ratio on admission to the MICU, including clinical characteristics and other examinations. Results: The overall 28-day survival of MICU patients was 69.1%. On univariate analysis, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score (P<0.001), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score (P<0.001), Simplified Acute Physiology Score II score (P<0.001), Creactive protein (P=0.015), and bilirubin/albumin ratio (P<0.001) were associated with mortality of ICU patients. The receiver operating characteristic curves for ICU patients mortality between bilirubin to albumin ratio and APACHE II score were not statistically significant (P=0.282). On multivariate analysis, higher APACHE II score (hazard ratio [HR], 1.05; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.06; P<0.001) and bilirubin to albumin ratio (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.20; P=0.001) were independently related to the ICU patient mortality. Conclusions: A higher bilirubin to albumin ratio was related to the unfavorable prognosis and mortality in critically ill patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Role of serum bilirubin-to-albumin ratio as a prognostic index in critically ill children
    You Min Kang, Ga Eun Kim, Mireu Park, Jong Deok Kim, Min Jung Kim, Yoon Hee Kim, Kyung Won Kim, Myung Hyun Son, Soo Yeon Kim
    Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics.2023; 66(2): 85.     CrossRef
  • Association between total bilirubin/Albumin ratio and all-cause mortality in acute kidney injury patients: A retrospective cohort study
    Ximei Huang, Yunhua Huang, Min Chen, Lin Liao, Faquan Lin, Eranga Sanjeewa Wijewickrama
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(11): e0287485.     CrossRef
  • The value of albumin-related ratios in predicting disease severity and mortality in acute cholangitis
    Bayram YEŞİL, Bünyamin SEVİM
    Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine.2023; 6(6): 1244.     CrossRef
  • Hepatic dysfunction in critically ill patients
    Jeong Hoon Yang
    Acute and Critical Care.2020; 35(1): 44.     CrossRef
Clinical Significance of Postoperative Prealbumin and Albumin Levels in Critically Ill Patients who Underwent Emergency Surgery for Acute Peritonitis
Seung Hwan Lee, Ji Young Jang, Jae Gil Lee
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(4):247-254.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.4.247
  • 3,220 View
  • 42 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Many studies have shown that serum albumin and prealbumin levels correlate with patient outcomes in critically ill patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of prealbumin and albumin levels in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) after emergency surgery for acute peritonitis.
METHODS
We examined serum albumin and prealbumin as markers for the prediction of patient outcome in 51 patients admitted to the ICU after emergency surgery from January to December in 2012. Biochemical parameters were measured postoperatively. Serum albumin and prealbumin levels were compared between survivors and non-survivors. Patients were also divided according to the occurrence of shock and pulmonary complications (shock group vs. non-shock group, pulmonary complications group vs. non-pulmonary complications group), and outcome analysis was performed for age, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, length of ICU stay (IS), length of hospital stay (HS), mechanical ventilation, and APACHE II score. Serum albumin and prealbumin levels were evaluated for any correlation with complications and mortality.
RESULTS
In patients with shock, prealbumin and albumin were significantly decreased (p = 0.047, p = 0.036). Additionally, albumin was significantly decreased in patients with pulmonary complications. Neither albumin nor prealbumin, however, showed a correlation with mortality. Prealbumin showed a correlation with serum albumin, CRP level, and HS (r = 0.511, p < 0.001; r = -0.438, p = 0.002; and r = -0.45, p = 0.001, respectively). Albumin showed a correlation with HS, IS, and APACHE II score (r = -0.404, p = 0.003; r = -0.424, p = 0.002; and r = -0.40, p = 0.006, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS
The initial prealbumin level measured upon admission to the ICU after gastrointestinal emergency surgery can be useful predictor of shock. The initial albumin level was significantly low in patients with shock and pulmonary complications. However, neither prealbumin nor albumin showed a correlation with mortality. Our study also showed that albumin and prealbumin levels are affected by other factors, such as massive hydration and severe inflammation, as reported in previous studies.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Perioperative risk factors for in-hospital mortality after emergency gastrointestinal surgery
    Jin Young Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Myung Jae Jung, Jae Gil Lee
    Medicine.2016; 95(35): e4530.     CrossRef
Low Blood Selenium Concentrations in Critically Ill Children with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome and Respiratory Dysfunction
Young A Kim, Eun Ju Ha, Won Kyoung Jhang, Seong Jong Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(2):86-92.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.2.86
  • 2,539 View
  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Selenium is an essential trace-element with antioxidant and immunological function. We studied the relationship between blood selenium concentrations, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and organ dysfunctions in critically ill children.
METHODS
This was a retrospective, observational study of the blood selenium concentrations of critically ill children at the time of a pediatric intensive care unit admission.
RESULTS
A total of 62 patients with a median age of 18 (5-180) months were included in this study. The mean of blood selenium concentration (microg/dl) was 8.49 +/- 2.42. The platelet count (r = -0.378) and PaCO2 (r = -0.403) showed negative correlations with blood selenium concentration, while PaO2/FiO2 (r = 0.359) and PaO2 (r = 0.355) showed positive correlations (p < 0.05, for all variables). Blood selenium concentrations were significantly lower in patients with SIRS than in those patients without SIRS (8.08 +/- 2.42 vs. 9.45 +/- 2.02, p = 0.011). Patients with severe sepsis and septic shock had showed significantly lower blood selenium concentrations than those without SIRS (7.03 +/- 2.73 vs. 9.45 +/- 2.02, p = 0.042). Patients with PaO2/FiO2 < or = 300 had lower blood selenium concentrations than those with PaO2/FiO2 > 300 (7.90 +/- 2.43 vs. 9.54 +/- 2.17, p = 0.018). Blood selenium concentrations were significantly lower in patient with PaO2/FiO2 < or = 200 than in those with PaO2/FiO2 > 300 (7.64 +/- 2.76 vs. 9.54 +/- 2.17, p = 0.018).
CONCLUSIONS
Patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome or respiratory dysfunction showed significantly low blood selenium concentrations.
Analysis of Prognostic Factors Early in Emergency Department (ED) and Late in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Critically Ill Patients Admitted in the ICU via ED
Ru Bi Jeong, Jung Hwan An, Hyun Min Jun, Sung Min Jeong, Tae Yong Shin, Young Sik Kim, Young Rock Ha
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(4):237-248.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.4.237
  • 2,492 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Many critically ill patients in the ED are hospitalized to the ICU, but most prognosis predicting systems have been developed based on the physiochemical variables of the critically ill in the ICU. The objective of this study is to identify prognostic predictors early in the ED when compared with well-known predictors in the ICU and estimate their predictive abilities.
METHODS
An observational prospective study was performed in an urban ED. Information of all the critically ill patients admitted to the ICU via the ED including vital signs, laboratory results, and physiochemical scoring systems were checked during 6 months and divided into the early stage for the ED and the late stage in the ICU. Poor outcome was defined as 28-days mortality. After checking for significant predictors among them through univariate analysis, we identified the most discriminating predictors in each stage using logistic regression and a decision tree analysis.
RESULTS
A total of 246 patients were enrolled. In univariate analysis, the significant predictors including central venous pressure, fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2), pressure of arterial oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2), albumin, mortality in emergency department sepsis, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II, simplified acute physiology score II, and sequential organ failure assessment scores were identified in the early stage, while PaO2/FiO2, base excess, unmeasured anion, albumin, anion gap, albumin-corrected anion gap, APACHEII, SAPSII, SOFA, and rapid emergency medicine score were identified in the late stage. Through a decision tree analysis, PaO2/FiO2 and SAPSII were revealed as the most discriminating predictors in the ED and ICU, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
The prognosis discriminating predictor in critical patients was different between the ED and ICU. Emergency physicians should pay more attention to the critical patients having low PaO2/FiO2.
Healthcare Professional's Knowledge, Perception and Performance on Early Enteral Nutrition for Critically Ill Patients
Sun Hee Yun, Sun Jung Kim, Eui Geum Oh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(1):36-44.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.1.36
  • 2,910 View
  • 65 Download
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Proper nutritional supplement is one of the fundamental management domains for critical ill patients. While it shows positive effect on processing and prognosis of critical ill patients, early enteral nutrition is overlooked. This study explored healthcare professional's level of knowledge perception and performance on early enteral nutrition for critically ill patients. Data was collected from a convenient sample of 319 registered doctors, nurses and nutritionists in ICU at seven university hospitals.
METHODS
A cross-sectional survey design was used. The participants were assessed by questionnaires, specifically designed for the study and verified for the content validity by professional reviewers related with critical ill patients.
RESULTS
While the level of the perception of early enteral nutrition is high, the level of knowledge and performance are relatively low. The nurses showed a statistically significant difference on the level of knowledge, by their educational backgrounds and clinical experiences. Regarding the hospital support system, the doctors showed a significant difference on the level of perception and performance, while the nurses only showed that difference on the level of performance. It was shown that with higher the level of knowledge regarding the early enteral nutrition, the higher the level of performance. Further, the higher the level of perception, the higher the level of performance was observed. The hospital support system and the perception of the healthcare professionals are two most influential factors to affect the performance of the healthcare professionals related with the early enteral nutrition for the critically ill patients.
CONCLUSION
To perform the proper early enteral nutrition, the hospital support system and the level of the healthcare professionals' perception, are two most important factors. Therefore, the efforts to build the hospital support system along with the educational provisions are needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of a video-based enteral nutrition education program using QR codes for intensive care unit nurses: a quasi-experimental study
    Won Kee Seo, Hyunjung Kim
    Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science.2024; 26(1): 16.     CrossRef
  • Critical Care Nurses’ Perceptions of Enteral Nutrition: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study
    Khaled Mohammed Al-Sayaghi, Talal Ali Hussein Saad Alqalah, Sameer Abdulmalik Alkubati, Gamil Ghaleb Alrubaiee, Sultan Abdulwadoud Alshoabi, Masouda Hassan Atrous, Farida Khalil Ibrahim Mohamed, Kamal Dahan Alsultan, Awadia Greeballah Suliman, Moawia Bush
    The Open Nursing Journal.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Diarrhea in Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units
    Hanna Lee, Rhayun Song
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2019; 26(4): 221.     CrossRef
  • Critical Care Nurses’ Perception, Knowledge, and Practices of Enteral Nutrition
    Hyunjung Kim, Eunjin Soun
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2016; 23(4): 383.     CrossRef
  • Nutritional Assessment of ICU Inpatients with Tube Feeding
    Yu-Jin Kim, Jung-Sook Seo
    Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association.2015; 21(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • Nutritional Support, Gastric Residual Volume and Nutritional Status during Enteral Nutrition in Intensive Care Unit Patients
    Minju Lee, Jiyeon Kang
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2014; 26(6): 621.     CrossRef
Energy Deficiency Aggravates Clinical Outcomes of Critically Ill Patients
Hye Kyung Chung, Song Mi Lee, Jae Hoon Lee, Cheung Soo Shin
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2005;20(1):49-53.
  • 1,862 View
  • 31 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Adequate nutrition support reduces infectious complications, mortality and length of hospitalizationin intensive care unit. However, there are multi factors like frequent null per os (NPO) due to examination, intolerance to tube feeding, complication of TPN (total parenteral nutrition) and ineffective recognition by medical staff. The purpose of this study is to identify detrimental effects of cumulative energy deficiency in critically ill patients.
METHODS
The patients who were received tube feeding or total parenteral nutrition for more than 5 days were investigated. Daily and cumulative energy deficiency was tabulated until oral intake was achieved or until they discharged or died. Patients were divided into two groups, severe energy deficient group (>10, 000 kcal) or mild energy deficient group (<5, 000 kcal). Then we compared clinical outcomes between two groups. RESULTS: Total 150 patients were studied. 48 (32%) patients were severe energy deficient group and 42 (28%) patients were mild energy deficient group. Mortality and nosocomial infection were significantly higher in severe energy deficient group than in mild group. Hospital day and ICU day were significantly higher in severe energy deficient group than in mild group. CONCLUSIONS: Severe energy deficiency was very common in critically ill patients and it deteriorated the clinical outcomes such as mortality, nosocomial infection, hospital day and ICU day.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care