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Original Article
Endocrinology
Prevalence and Related Factors of Vitamin D Deficiency in Critically Ill Patients
Hyun Jung Kim, Min Su Sohn, Eun Young Choi
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2016;31(4):300-307.   Published online November 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.00276
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
To identify the prevalence and related factors for vitamin D deficiency in the patients who admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) of a Korean tertiary care hospital.
Methods
We retrospectively analyzed the data from ICU patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV) for a period of > 48 h to identify the prevalence and associated factors for vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level < 20 ng/mL.
Results
Among 570 patients admitted to the ICU, 221 were enrolled in the study, 194 in the vitamin D deficient group and 27 in the non-deficient group. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in critically ill patients was 87.8%. The patient age was lower in the vitamin D deficient group compared with the non-deficient group (64.4 ± 15.4 vs. 71.0 ± 9.6 years, p = 0.049). A higher acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score (odds ratio [OR] 1.23, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.10-1.37) and chronic illness (OR 3.12, 95% CI 1.08-9.01) were associated with vitamin D deficiency after adjusting for age and body mass index. Clinical outcomes of duration of MV, ICU stay, and 28- and 90-day mortality rates were not significantly different between the vitamin D deficient and nondeficient groups.
Conclusions
Vitamin D deficiency was common in critically ill patients, particularly among younger patients. Higher APACHE II score and chronic illness were associated with vitamin D deficiency.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Vitamin D deficiency and mortality among critically ill surgical patients in an urban Korean hospital
    Ji-hyun Lee, Seo-rin Doo, Dongha Kim, Yoo-kyoung Park, Eun-jeong Park, Jae-myeong Lee
    International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research.2022; 92(2): 101.     CrossRef
  • Vitamin D Deficiency in Critically Ill Patients
    Ji Hyun Lee, Jae-Myeong Lee
    Surgical Metabolism and Nutrition.2017; 8(2): 17.     CrossRef
  • Should We Measure Vitamin D Level?
    Jae Hwa Cho
    The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2016; 31(4): 369.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care