Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

ACC : Acute and Critical Care

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
8 "Tae Sun Ha"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Funded articles
Guideline
Pulmonary
Liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients: Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine Clinical Practice Guidelines
Tae Sun Ha, Dong Kyu Oh, Hak-Jae Lee, Youjin Chang, In Seok Jeong, Yun Su Sim, Suk-Kyung Hong, Sunghoon Park, Gee Young Suh, So Young Park
Acute Crit Care. 2024;39(1):1-23.   Published online February 28, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2024.00052
  • 4,268 View
  • 730 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
Successful liberation from mechanical ventilation is one of the most crucial processes in critical care because it is the first step by which a respiratory failure patient begins to transition out of the intensive care unit and return to their own life. Therefore, when devising appropriate strategies for removing mechanical ventilation, it is essential to consider not only the individual experiences of healthcare professionals, but also scientific and systematic approaches. Recently, numerous studies have investigated methods and tools for identifying when mechanically ventilated patients are ready to breathe on their own. The Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine therefore provides these recommendations to clinicians about liberation from the ventilator. Methods: Meta-analyses and comprehensive syntheses were used to thoroughly review, compile, and summarize the complete body of relevant evidence. All studies were meticulously assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) method, and the outcomes were presented succinctly as evidence profiles. Those evidence syntheses were discussed by a multidisciplinary committee of experts in mechanical ventilation, who then developed and approved recommendations. Results: Recommendations for nine PICO (population, intervention, comparator, and outcome) questions about ventilator liberation are presented in this document. This guideline includes seven conditional recommendations, one expert consensus recommendation, and one conditional deferred recommendation. Conclusions: We developed these clinical guidelines for mechanical ventilation liberation to provide meaningful recommendations. These guidelines reflect the best treatment for patients seeking liberation from mechanical ventilation.
Corrigendum
Pharmacology
2021 KSCCM clinical practice guidelines for pain, agitation, delirium, immobility, and sleep disturbance in the intensive care unit
Yijun Seo, Hak-Jae Lee, Eun Jin Ha, Tae Sun Ha
Acute Crit Care. 2023;38(1):149-149.   Published online February 27, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2022.00094.e1
Corrects: Acute Crit Care 2022;37(1):1
  • 1,907 View
  • 220 Download
  • 1 Crossref
PDF

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Can we make a safer sedation?
    M.S. Danilov, I.S. Simutis, A.S. Korotaev, D.S. Salygina, V.A. Ratnikov, V.A. Kashchenko
    Anesteziologiya i reanimatologiya.2023; (4): 49.     CrossRef
Guideline
Pharmacology
2021 KSCCM clinical practice guidelines for pain, agitation, delirium, immobility, and sleep disturbance in the intensive care unit
Yijun Seo, Hak-Jae Lee, Eun Jin Ha, Tae Sun Ha
Acute Crit Care. 2022;37(1):1-25.   Published online February 28, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2022.00094
Correction in: Acute Crit Care 2023;38(1):149
  • 17,873 View
  • 1,759 Download
  • 14 Web of Science
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
We revised and expanded the “2010 Guideline for the Use of Sedatives and Analgesics in the Adult Intensive Care Unit (ICU).” We revised the 2010 Guideline based mainly on the 2018 “Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Pain, Agitation/Sedation, Delirium, Immobility, and Sleep Disruption (PADIS) in Adult Patients in the ICU,” which was an updated 2013 pain, agitation, and delirium guideline with the inclusion of two additional topics (rehabilitation/mobility and sleep). Since it was not possible to hold face-to-face meetings of panels due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, all discussions took place via virtual conference platforms and e-mail with the participation of all panelists. All authors drafted the recommendations, and all panelists discussed and revised the recommendations several times. The quality of evidence for each recommendation was classified as high (level A), moderate (level B), or low/very low (level C), and all panelists voted on the quality level of each recommendation. The participating panelists had no conflicts of interest on related topics. The development of this guideline was independent of any industry funding. The Pain, Agitation/Sedation, Delirium, Immobility (rehabilitation/mobilization), and Sleep Disturbance panels issued 42 recommendations (level A, 6; level B, 18; and level C, 18). The 2021 clinical practice guideline provides up-to-date information on how to prevent and manage pain, agitation/sedation, delirium, immobility, and sleep disturbance in adult ICU patients. We believe that these guidelines can provide an integrated method for clinicians to manage PADIS in adult ICU patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Potentially inappropriate medications with older people in intensive care and associated factors: a historic cohort study
    Karina Sichieri, Danilo Donizetti Trevisan, Ricardo Luís Barbosa, Silvia Regina Secoli
    Sao Paulo Medical Journal.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Psychiatric Consults Associated With Longer Length of Stay in Trauma Patients—A Retrospective Study
    Sanjay Balijepalli, Kathryn Mansuri, Cindy Gonzalez, Oveys Mansuri
    Journal of Surgical Research.2024; 293: 46.     CrossRef
  • Sleep in the intensive and intermediate care units: Exploring related factors of delirium, benzodiazepine use and mortality
    Adrienne E. van der Hoeven, Denise Bijlenga, Ernst van der Hoeven, Mink S. Schinkelshoek, Floor W. Hiemstra, Laura Kervezee, David J. van Westerloo, Rolf Fronczek, Gert Jan Lammers
    Intensive and Critical Care Nursing.2024; 81: 103603.     CrossRef
  • Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Indonesian version of the Critical-care Pain Observation Tool
    Luthfi Fauzy Asriyanto, Nur Chayati
    International Journal of Nursing Sciences.2024; 11(1): 113.     CrossRef
  • Postoperative Psychoses in Patients with Brain Gliomas
    O. S. Zaitsev, N. P. Ilyaev, O. A. Maksakova
    Psikhiatriya.2024; 21(7): 65.     CrossRef
  • Liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients: Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine Clinical Practice Guidelines
    Tae Sun Ha, Dong Kyu Oh, Hak-Jae Lee, Youjin Chang, In Seok Jeong, Yun Su Sim, Suk-Kyung Hong, Sunghoon Park, Gee Young Suh, So Young Park
    Acute and Critical Care.2024; 39(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and risk factors of delirium of older adults after cardiac surgery at the intensive care unit: A retrospective study
    Jeong-Ok Ryu, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2024; 26(1): 113.     CrossRef
  • Factors that influence critical care nurses’ management of sedation for ventilated patients in critical care: A qualitative study
    Danielle Macpherson, Anastasia Hutchinson, Melissa J. Bloomer
    Intensive and Critical Care Nursing.2024; 83: 103685.     CrossRef
  • Content analysis of NOC outcomes related to mechanical ventilation in people with COVID-19
    Erika Silva de Sá, Aline Batista Maurício, Larissa Giardini Bruni, Larissa Gabrielle Dias Vieira, Vinicius Batista Santos, Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer Cavalcante, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de Barros, Viviane Martins da Silva
    Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Análise de conteúdo de resultados NOC relacionados à ventilação mecânica em pessoas com COVID-19
    Erika Silva de Sá, Aline Batista Maurício, Larissa Giardini Bruni, Larissa Gabrielle Dias Vieira, Vinicius Batista Santos, Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer Cavalcante, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de Barros, Viviane Martins da Silva
    Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • From the Intensive Care Unit to Recovery: Managing Post-intensive Care Syndrome in Critically Ill Patients
    Mfonido Ekong, Tejbir Singh Monga, Jean Carlo Daher, Mutyala Sashank, Setareh Reza Soltani, Nkiruka Lauretta Nwangene, Cara Mohammed, Fellipe Feijo Halfeld, Leen AlShelh, Fernanda Ayumi Fukuya, Manju Rai
    Cureus.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • End‐of‐life care in the intensive care unit
    M. Tanaka Gutiez, N. Efstathiou, R. Innes, V. Metaxa
    Anaesthesia.2023; 78(5): 636.     CrossRef
  • The Profile of Early Sedation Depth and Clinical Outcomes of Mechanically Ventilated Patients in Korea
    Dong-gon Hyun, Jee Hwan Ahn, Ha-Yeong Gil, Chung Mo Nam, Choa Yun, Jae-Myeong Lee, Jae Hun Kim, Dong-Hyun Lee, Ki Hoon Kim, Dong Jung Kim, Sang-Min Lee, Ho-Geol Ryu, Suk-Kyung Hong, Jae-Bum Kim, Eun Young Choi, JongHyun Baek, Jeoungmin Kim, Eun Jin Kim, T
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The relationship between the PRE-DELIRIC score and the prognosis in COVID-19 ICU patients
    Bilge Banu Taşdemir Mecit
    Journal of Surgery and Medicine.2023; 7(5): 343.     CrossRef
  • Systemic Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatories for Analgesia in Postoperative Critical Care Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Control Trials
    Chen Hsiang Ma, Kimberly B. Tworek, Janice Y. Kung, Sebastian Kilcommons, Kathleen Wheeler, Arabesque Parker, Janek Senaratne, Erika Macintyre, Wendy Sligl, Constantine J. Karvellas, Fernando G. Zampieri, Demetrios Jim Kutsogiannis, John Basmaji, Kimberle
    Critical Care Explorations.2023; 5(7): e0938.     CrossRef
  • Pain Control and Sedation in Neuro Intensive Critical Unit
    Soo-Hyun Park, Yerim Kim, Yeojin Kim, Jong Seok Bae, Ju-Hun Lee, Wookyung Kim, Hong-Ki Song
    Journal of the Korean Neurological Association.2023; 41(3): 169.     CrossRef
  • Preoperative Anxiety and Its Postoperative Associated Factors in Patients Receiving Post Anesthetic Recovery Care at Surgical Intensive Care Unit
    Yul Ha Lee, Hye-Ja Park
    Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics.2023; 48(3): 267.     CrossRef
  • Diagnostic Value of the Bispectral Index to Assess Sleep Quality after Elective Surgery in Intensive Care Unit
    Naricha Chirakalwasan, Pongpol Sirilaksanamanon, Thammasak Thawitsri, Somrat Charuluxananan
    Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2023; 27(11): 795.     CrossRef
  • Sedation of patients in intensive care units. Guidelines
    V.I. Potievskaya, I.B. Zabolotskikh, I.E. Gridchik, A.I. Gritsan, A.A. Eremenko, I.A. Kozlov, A.L. Levit, V.A. Mazurok, I.V. Molchanov
    Anesteziologiya i reanimatologiya.2023; (5): 6.     CrossRef
  • Sedation for Patients with Sepsis: Towards a Personalised Approach
    José Miguel Marcos-Vidal, Rafael González, María Merino, Eva Higuera, Cristina García
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2023; 13(12): 1641.     CrossRef
  • Performance, Knowledge, and Barrier Awareness of Medical Staff Regarding the Prevention and Management of Pain, Agitation/Sedation, Delirium, Immobility, and Sleep Disruption in Adult Critical Care Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Hyo-Geun Song, Duckhee Chae, Sung-Hee Yoo
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2023; 35(4): 379.     CrossRef
  • ICU-Induced Disability Persists With or Without COVID-19—This Is a Call for F to A Bundle Action*
    Heidi Engel
    Critical Care Medicine.2022; 50(11): 1665.     CrossRef
  • Actigraphy-Based Assessment of Sleep Parameters in Intensive Care Unit Patients Receiving Respiratory Support Therapy
    Jiyeon Kang, Yongbin Kwon
    Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing.2022; 15(3): 115.     CrossRef
Case Report
Pharmacology
Successful treatment of propofol-related infusion syndrome in critically ill patient receiving low-dose propofol infusion: a case report
Nahyeon Park, Tae Sun Ha
Acute Crit Care. 2023;38(1):144-148.   Published online November 26, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2021.00829
  • 7,782 View
  • 281 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Propofol is widely used to sedate agitated patients in intensive care units. However, it can cause a rare but fatal complication, propofol-related infusion syndrome (PRIS). The pathophysiology of PRIS is not clear, and there is no definitive diagnosis and treatment. We report a successfully treated case of PRIS in a critically ill patient receiving low-dose propofol infusion. A 59-year-old male patient complaining of sudden chest pain repeatedly collapsed in an ambulance and the emergency room, and veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was delivered. He was diagnosed with a total occluded left anterior descending coronary artery in coronary angiography. On day 20, he showed arrhythmia, increased creatinine kinase (CK), and increased CK-MB and troponin I, accompanied by unstable hemodynamic status despite high-dose vasopressors. He was administered propofol for 20 days at an average dose of 1.3 mg/kg/hr owing to issues with agitation and ventilator synchrony. We strongly suspected PRIS and immediately discontinued propofol infusion, and he was successfully treated with aggressive supportive care. PRIS can occur in patients administered propofol for a prolonged period at low doses. Thus, clinicians should use propofol with caution for PRIS and change to alternative sedatives for long-term sedation.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Therapeutic Aspects of Lipofilling, Abdominoplasty in Combination with Body Liposuction and Bariatric Surgery
    I. Murkamilov, K. Aitbaev, D. Ymankulov, Sh. Hakimov, Z. Raimzhanov, Z. Yusupova, T. Yusupova, F. Yusupov
    Bulletin of Science and Practice.2024; 10(7): 188.     CrossRef
  • Propofol in ICU Settings: Understanding and Managing Anti-Arrhythmic, Pro-Arrhythmic Effects, and Propofol Infusion Syndrome
    Jananthan Paramsothy, Sai Dheeraj Gutlapalli, Vijay Durga Pradeep Ganipineni, Isabelle Mulango, Ikpechukwu J Okorie, Divine Besong Arrey Agbor, Crystal Delp, Hanim Apple, Borislav Kheyson, Jay Nfonoyim, Nidal Isber, Mallikarjuna Yalamanchili
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Article
Hematology
Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes of Critically Ill Cancer Patients Admitted to Korean Intensive Care Units
Soo Jin Na, Tae Sun Ha, Younsuck Koh, Gee Young Suh, Shin Ok Koh, Chae-Man Lim, Won-Il Choi, Young-Joo Lee, Seok Chan Kim, Gyu Rak Chon, Je Hyeong Kim, Jae Yeol Kim, Jaemin Lim, Sunghoon Park, Ho Cheol Kim, Jin Hwa Lee, Ji Hyun Lee, Jisook Park, Juhee Cho, Kyeongman Jeon
Acute Crit Care. 2018;33(3):121-129.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2018.00143
  • 8,235 View
  • 272 Download
  • 7 Web of Science
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics and clinical outcomes of critically ill cancer patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in Korea.
Methods
This was a retrospective cohort study that analyzed prospective collected data from the Validation of Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS3) in Korean ICU (VSKI) study, which is a nationwide, multicenter, and prospective study that considered 5,063 patients from 22 ICUs in Korea over a period of 7 months. Among them, patients older than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with solid or hematologic malignancies prior to admission to the ICU were included in the present study.
Results
During the study period, a total of 1,762 cancer patients were admitted to the ICUs and 833 of them were deemed eligible for analysis. Six hundred fifty-eight (79%) had solid tumors and 175 (21%) had hematologic malignancies, respectively. Respiratory problems (30.1%) was the most common reason leading to ICU admission. Patients with hematologic malignancies had higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (12 vs. 8, P<0.001) and SAPS3 (71 vs. 69, P<0.001) values and were more likely to be associated with chemotherapy, steroid therapy, and immunocompromised status versus patients with solid tumors. The use of inotropes/ vasopressors, mechanical ventilation, and/or continuous renal replacement therapy was more frequently required in hematologic malignancy patients. Mortality rates in the ICU (41.7% vs. 24.6%, P<0.001) and hospital (53.1% vs. 38.6%, P=0.002) were higher in hematologic malignancy patients than in solid tumor patients.
Conclusions
Cancer patients accounted for one-third of all patients admitted to the studied ICUs in Korea. Clinical characteristics were different according to the type of malignancy. Patients with hematologic malignancies had a worse prognosis than did patients with solid tumor.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Outcomes of Acute Respiratory Failure in Patients With Cancer in the United States
    Kiyan Heybati, Jiawen Deng, Archis Bhandarkar, Fangwen Zhou, Cameron Zamanian, Namrata Arya, Mohamad Bydon, Philippe R. Bauer, Ognjen Gajic, Allan J. Walkey, Hemang Yadav
    Mayo Clinic Proceedings.2024; 99(4): 578.     CrossRef
  • Characteristics and outcomes of cancer patients admitted to intensive care units in cancer specialized hospitals in China
    Wensheng Liu, Dongmin Zhou, Li Zhang, Mingguang Huang, Rongxi Quan, Rui Xia, Yong Ye, Guoxing Zhang, Zhuping Shen
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Predictors of ICU mortality in patients with hemoblastosis and infectious complications
    A.V. Lyanguzov, A.S. Luchinin, S.V. Ignatyev, I.V. Paramonov
    Anesteziologiya i reanimatologiya.2023; (1): 33.     CrossRef
  • Effect of the underlying malignancy on critically ill septic patient's outcome
    Man‐Yee Man, Hoi‐Ping Shum, Sin‐Man Lam, Jacky Li, Wing‐Wa Yan, Mei‐Wan Yeung
    Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology.2022; 18(4): 473.     CrossRef
  • Impacts of Corticosteroid Therapy at Acute Stage of Hospital-Onset Clostridioides difficile Infections
    Ching-Chi Lee, Jen-Chieh Lee, Chun-Wei Chiu, Pei-Jane Tsai, Wen-Chien Ko, Yuan-Pin Hung
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2022; Volume 15: 5387.     CrossRef
  • Hospital mortality and prognostic factors in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury and cancer undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy
    Da Woon Kim, Geum Suk Jang, Kyoung Suk Jung, Hyuk Jae Jung, Hyo Jin Kim, Harin Rhee, Eun Young Seong, Sang Heon Song
    Kidney Research and Clinical Practice.2022; 41(6): 717.     CrossRef
  • A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Evaluating Geographical Variation in Outcomes of Cancer Patients Treated in ICUs
    Lama H. Nazer, Maria A. Lopez-Olivo, Anne Rain Brown, John A. Cuenca, Michael Sirimaturos, Khader Habash, Nada AlQadheeb, Heather May, Victoria Milano, Amy Taylor, Joseph L. Nates
    Critical Care Explorations.2022; 4(9): e0757.     CrossRef
  • Clinico-demographic and Outcome Predictors in Solid Tumor Patients with Unplanned Intensive Care Unit Admissions: An Observational Study
    Jigeeshu Divatia, Amit M Narkhede, Harish K Chaudhari, Ujwal Dhundi, Natesh Prabu Ravisankar, Satish Sarode
    Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2021; 25(12): 1421.     CrossRef
Erratum
Primary Invasive Intestinal Aspergillosis in a Non-Severely Immunocompromised Patient
Eunmi Gil, Tae Sun Ha, Gee Young Suh, Chi Ryang Chung, Chi-Min Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2016;31(3):263-263.   Published online August 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.31.2.129.e01
Corrects: Acute Crit Care 2016;31(2):129
  • 4,866 View
  • 65 Download
PDF
Case Reports
Infection
Primary Invasive Intestinal Aspergillosis in a Non-Severely Immunocompromised Patient
Eunmi Gil, Tae Sun Ha, Gee Young Suh, Chi Ryang Chung, Chi-Min Park
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2016;31(2):129-133.   Published online May 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.31.2.129
Correction in: Acute Crit Care 2016;31(3):263
  • 8,040 View
  • 115 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is most commonly seen in patients with risk factors, such as cytotoxic chemotherapy, prolonged neutropenia, corticosteroids, transplantation and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. IA commonly occurs in the respiratory tract. Extrapulmonary aspergillosis is usually a part of a disseminated infection, and primary invasive intestinal aspergillosis is very rare. Herein, we report a case of an immunocompetent 53-year-old male who suffered recurrent septic shock in the intensive care unit (ICU) and was finally diagnosed as invasive intestinal aspergillosis without dissemination. IA is rarely considered for patients who do not have an immune disorder. Thus, when such cases do occur, the diagnosis is delayed and the clinical outcome is often poor. However, there is a growing literature reporting IA cases in patients without an immune disorder, mostly among ICU patients. Primary intestinal aspergillosis should be considered for critically ill patients, especially with severe disrupted gastrointestinal mucosal barrier.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Aspergillus fumigatus cholangitis in a patient with cholangiocarcinoma: case report and review of the literature
    Kathrin Rothe, Sebastian Rasch, Nina Wantia, Alexander Poszler, Joerg Ulrich, Christoph Schlag, Wolfgang Huber, Roland M. Schmid, Dirk H. Busch, Tobias Lahmer
    Infection.2021; 49(1): 159.     CrossRef
Infection
Disseminated Gastrointestinal Mucormycosis in Immunocompromised Disease
Tae Sun Ha, Chi-Min Park, Jeong Hoon Yang, Yang Hyun Cho, Chi Ryang Chung, Kyeongman Jeon, Gee Young Suh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(4):323-328.   Published online November 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2015.30.4.323
  • 5,682 View
  • 85 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Mucormycosis is an uncommon opportunistic fungal infection mostly affecting immunocompromised patients and gastrointestinal mucormycosis is a rare and life-threatening. We describe a 31-year-old man with a history of idiopathic cyclic neutropenia who developed perforations of the stomach and intestine and intra-abdominal bleeding due to disseminated gastrointestinal mucormycosis after the initial operation.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Fatal Case of Disseminated Intestinal Mucormycosis in a Patient with Vibrio Sepsis
    Seungwoo Chung, Hyun-Jung Sung, Jong Won Chang, Ile Hur, Ho Cheol Kim
    Journal of Acute Care Surgery.2021; 11(3): 133.     CrossRef
  • Gastric Mucormycosis Followed by Traumatic Cardiac Rupture in an Immunocompetent Patient
    Sang Won Lee, Hyun Seok Lee
    The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology.2016; 68(2): 99.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care