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Letter to the Editor
Surgery
Inadequate Sedation Leads to Unexpected Postoperative Wound Evisceration during a Bedside Endoscopy
Im-kyung Kim, Se Hee Na, Joon Seong Park, Man Ki Ju, Cheung Soo Shin
Acute Crit Care. 2018;33(1):61-63.   Published online February 28, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2017.00297
  • 6,568 View
  • 104 Download
PDF
Original Articles
Neurology
The Effects of a Delirium Notification Program on the Clinical Outcomes of the Intensive Care Unit: A Preliminary Pilot Study
Jaesub Park, Seung-Taek Oh, Sunyoung Park, Won-Jung Choi, Cheung Soo Shin, Se Hee Na, Jae-Jin Kim, Jooyoung Oh, Jin Young Park
Acute Crit Care. 2018;33(1):23-33.   Published online February 6, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2017.00584
  • 9,536 View
  • 185 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Delirium is common among intensive care unit (ICU) patients, so recent clinical guidelines recommended routine delirium monitoring in the ICU. But, its effect on the patient’s clinical outcome is still controversial. In particular, the effect of systems that inform the primary physician of the results of monitoring is largely unknown.
Methods
The delirium notification program using bedside signs and electronic chart notifications was applied to the pre-existing delirium monitoring protocol. Every patient was routinely evaluated for delirium, pain, and anxiety using validated tools. Clinical outcomes, including duration of delirium, ICU stay, and mortality were reviewed and compared for 3 months before and after the program implementation.
Results
There was no significant difference between the two periods of delirium, ICU stay, and mortality. However, anxiety, an important prognostic factor in the ICU survivor’s mental health, was significantly reduced and pain tended to decrease.
Conclusions
Increasing the physician’s awareness of the patient’s mental state by using a notification program could reduce the anxiety of ICU patients even though it may not reduce delirium. The results suggested that the method of delivering the results of monitoring was also an important factor in the success of the delirium monitoring program.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Adaptation and Validation of a Chart‐Based Delirium Detection Tool for the ICU (CHART‐DEL‐ICU)
    Karla D. Krewulak, Carmen Hiploylee, E. W. Ely, Henry T. Stelfox, Sharon K. Inouye, Kirsten M. Fiest
    Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.2021; 69(4): 1027.     CrossRef
Effects of APACHE II Score and Initial Nutritional Status on Prognosis of the Critically Ill Patients
Seohui Ahn, Se Hee Na, Chul Ho Chang, Hyunsun Lim, Duk Chul Lee, Cheung Soo Shin
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(2):102-107.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.2.102
  • 3,423 View
  • 88 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Malnutrition is common in hospitalized patients, especially in critically ill patients and affects their mortality and morbidity. However, the correlation between malnutrition and poor outcome is not fully understood. Our hypothesis is that the nutritional effect on the patient's prognosis would differ depending on the severity of the disease.
METHODS
3,758 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) were observed retrospectively. Patients were divided into well, moderate and severe groups, according to their nutritional status as assessed by their serum albumin level and total lymphocyte count (TLC). The severity of the disease was assessed by the Acute Physiologic and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II score). All patients were followed clinically until discharge or death and ICU days, hospital days, ventilator days, and mortality rates were recorded.
RESULTS
Depending on the definition used, the prevalence of hospital malnutrition is reported to be 68.3%. Hospital days, ICU days, as well as ventilator days of moderate and severe groups were longer than the well group. In patients exhibiting mild severity of disease, moderate and severe malnutrition groups have 3-5 times the mortality rate than the well group.
CONCLUSIONS
Malnutrition affects the prognosis of patients who have an APACHE II score ranging from 4-29 points. Active nutritional support may be more effective for patients with a disease of mild severity.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of a video-based enteral nutrition education program using QR codes for intensive care unit nurses: a quasi-experimental study
    Won Kee Seo, Hyunjung Kim
    Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science.2024; 26(1): 16.     CrossRef
  • The effect of nutritional supply on clinical outcomes and nutritional status in critically ill patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy
    Ju Yeun Kim, Ji-Myung Kim, Yuri Kim
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2015; 48(3): 211.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of nutritional status indicators according to feeding methods in patients with acute stroke
    Sanghee Kim, Youngsoon Byeon
    Nutritional Neuroscience.2014; 17(3): 138.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Significance of Postoperative Prealbumin and Albumin Levels in Critically Ill Patients who Underwent Emergency Surgery for Acute Peritonitis
    Seung Hwan Lee, Ji Young Jang, Jae Gil Lee
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2013; 28(4): 247.     CrossRef
  • Nutrition Support in the Intensive Care Unit of 6 Korean Tertiary Teaching Hospitals: A National Multicenter Observational Study
    Song Mi Lee, Seon Hyeung Kim, Yoon Kim, Eunmee Kim, Hee Joon Baek, Seungmin Lee, Hosun Lee, Chul Ho Chang, Cheung Soo Shin
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2012; 27(3): 157.     CrossRef
Implementation of the Head of Bed (HOB) Elevation Protocol on Clinical and Nutritional Outcomes in Critically Ill Patients with Mechanical Ventilator Support
Se Hee Na, Hosun Lee, Shin Ok Koh, Hyun Sim Lee, Sung Won Na
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2011;26(3):128-133.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2011.26.3.128
  • 3,998 View
  • 75 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Although head of bed (HOB) elevation is an important strategy to prevent ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP), some observational studies have reported that the application of the semi-recumbent position was lower in patients receiving mechanical ventilator support. We performed this study to assess the effect of implementation of the HOB elevation protocol in the intensive care unit (ICU) on clinical and nutritional outcomes.
METHODS
We developed a HOB elevation protocol including a flow chart to determine whether the HOB of newly admitted patients to ICU could be elevated. We measured the level of HOB elevation in patients with mechanical ventilator twice a day and 2 days a week for 5 weeks before and after the implementation of the protocol, respectively. Hemodynamic, respiratory and nutritional data were also collected, resulting in 251 observations from 35 patients and 467 observations from 66 patients before and after implementation.
RESULTS
After implementing the protocol, the level of HOB elevation (16.7 +/- 9.9 vs. 23.6 +/-1 2.9, p < 0.0001) and observations of HOB elevation > 30degrees increased significantly (34 vs. 151, p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of VAP. Arterial oxygen tension/fraction of inspired oxygen ratio improved (229 +/- 115 vs. 262 +/- 129, p = 0.02). Mean arterial blood pressure decreased after the implementation of the protocol, but remained within the normal limits. Calorie intake from tube feeding increased significantly (672 +/- 649 vs. 798 +/- 670, p = 0.021) and the events of high gastric residual volume (> 100 ml) occurred less frequently after implementing the protocol (50% vs. 17%, p = 0.001) CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of the protocol for HOB elevation could improve the level of HOB elevation, oxygenation parameter and enteral nutrition delivery.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nutrition Support in the Intensive Care Unit of 6 Korean Tertiary Teaching Hospitals: A National Multicenter Observational Study
    Song Mi Lee, Seon Hyeung Kim, Yoon Kim, Eunmee Kim, Hee Joon Baek, Seungmin Lee, Hosun Lee, Chul Ho Chang, Cheung Soo Shin
    Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2012; 27(3): 157.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care