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Erratum
Major Obstacles to Implement a Full-Time Intensivist in Korean Adult ICUs: a Questionnaire Survey
Jun Wan Lee, Jae Young Moon, Seok Wha Youn, Yong Sup Shin, Sang Il Park, Dong Chan Kim, Younsuk Koh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2016;31(3):262-262.   Published online August 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.31.2.111.e01
Corrects: Acute Crit Care 2016;31(2):111
  • 5,037 View
  • 80 Download
  • 1 Crossref
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Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Challenges experienced by health care professionals working in resource-poor intensive care settings in the Limpopo province of South Africa
    Hulisani Malelelo-Ndou, Dorah U. Ramathuba, Khathutshelo G. Netshisaulu
    Curationis.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Articles
Policy
Major Obstacles to Implement a Full-Time Intensivist in Korean Adult ICUs: a Questionnaire Survey
Jun Wan Lee, Jae Young Moon, Seok Wha Youn, Yong Sup Shin, Sang Il Park, Dong Chan Kim, Younsuk Koh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2016;31(2):111-117.   Published online May 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2016.31.2.111
Correction in: Acute Crit Care 2016;31(3):262
  • 8,433 View
  • 113 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background:
Critical care physician staffing is a crucial element of the intensive care unit (ICU) organization, and is associated with better outcomes in ICUs. Adult ICUs in Korea have been suffering from inadequate full-time intensivists and nurses because of insufficient reimbursement rates (<50% of the original critical care cost) from the National Health Insurance System. Recently, full-time intensivists have been introduced as a prerequisite for adult ICUs of tertiary hospitals in Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the perception of intensivist staffing among critical care program directors regarding the barriers and solutions when implementing an intensivist model of critical care in Korea.
Methods
An email survey of critical care program directors in designated teaching hospitals for critical care subspecialty training by the Korean Society of Critical Care Medicine was performed. The survey domains included vision, culture, resources, barriers, and potential solutions to implementing intensivist physician staffing (IPS).
Results
Forty-two critical care program directors were surveyed. A total of 28 directors (66.7%) responded to email queries. Of these, 27 directors (96.4%) agreed that IPS would improve the quality of care in the ICU, although half of them reported a negative perception of relevant clinical colleagues for the role of full-time intensivists and poor resources for IPS in their hospitals. Increased financial burden due to hiring full-time intensivists and concerns regarding exclusion from the management of their critically ill patients in the ICU, together with loss of income for primary attending physicians were stated by the respondents to be major barriers to implementing IPS. Financial incentives for the required cost from the health insurance system and enhancement of medical law relevant to critical care were regarded as solutions to these issues.
Conclusions
Critical care program directors believe that intensivist-led critical care can improve the outcome of ICUs. They indicated the financial burden due to IPS and underestimation of a full-time intensivist’s role to be major barriers. The program directors agreed that a partnership between hospital leaders and the Ministry of Health and Welfare was needed to overcome these barriers.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Incidence and Mortality Trends in Critically Ill Children: A Korean Population-Based Study
    Jaeyoung Choi, Esther Park, Ah Young Choi, Meong Hi Son, Joongbum Cho
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Willingness to pay for family education and counselling services provided by critical care advanced practice nurses
    Chung Mee Ko, Chin Kang Koh, Sangho Kwon
    International Journal of Nursing Practice.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Intensivist as a Surgeon: The Role of a Surgeon in Critical Care Medicine
    Kyung Sook Hong
    The Ewha Medical Journal.2017; 40(2): 61.     CrossRef
Pulmonary
The Adequacy of a Conventional Mechanical Ventilator as a Ventilation Method during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Manikin Study
Hong Joon Ahn, Kun Dong Kim, Won Joon Jeong, Jun Wan Lee, In Sool Yoo, Seung Ryu
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(2):89-94.   Published online May 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2015.30.2.89
  • 6,684 View
  • 145 Download
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
We conducted this study to verify whether a mechanical ventilator is adequate for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Background: We conducted this study to verify whether a mechanical ventilator is adequate for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Methods: A self-inflating bag resuscitator and a mechanical ventilator were used to test two experimental models: Model 1 (CPR manikin without chest compression) and Model 2 (CPR manikin with chest compression). Model 2 was divided into three subgroups according to ventilator pressure limits (Plimit). The self-inflating bag resuscitator was set with a ventilation rate of 10 breaths/min with the volume-marked bag-valve procedure. The mode of the mechanical ventilator was set as follows: volume-controlled mandatory ventilation of tidal volume (Vt) 600 mL, an inspiration time of 1.2 seconds, a constant flow pattern, a ventilation rate of 10 breaths/minute, a positive end expiratory pressure of 3 cmH2O and a maximum trigger limit. Peak airway pressure (Ppeak) and Vt were measured by a flow analyzer. Ventilation adequacy was determined at a Vt range of 400-600 mL with a Ppeak of ≤ 50 cmH2O. Results: In Model 1, Vt and Ppeak were in the appropriate range in the ventilation equipments. In Model 2, for the self-inflating bag resuscitator, the adequate Vt and Ppeak levels were 17%, and the Ppeak adequacy was 20% and the Vt was 65%. For the mechanical ventilator, the adequate Vt and Ppeak levels were 85%; the Ppeak adequacy was 85%; and the Vt adequacy was 100% at 60 cmH2O of Plimit. Conclusions: In a manikin model, a mechanical ventilator was superior to self-inflating bag resuscitator for maintaining adequate ventilation during chest compression.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Humans vs. Machines: Mechanical Compression Devices and Their Appropriate Application in the Management of Cardiac Arrest
    Emilia Clementi, Anirudh Chitale, Brian J. O’Neil, Anthony T. Lagina
    Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports.2023; 11(4): 133.     CrossRef
  • Manual vs. mechanical ventilation in patients with advanced airway during CPR
    Muthapillai Senthilnathan, Ramya Ravi, Srinivasan Suganya, Ranjith Kumar Sivakumar
    Indian Heart Journal.2022; 74(5): 428.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Changes in Inspiratory Time on Inspiratory Flowrate and Airway Pressure during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Manikin-Based Study
    Jung Ju Lee, Su Yeong Pyo, Ji Han Lee, Gwan Jin Park, Sang Chul Kim, Hoon Kim, Suk Woo Lee, Young Min Kim, Hyun Seok Chai
    Kosin Medical Journal.2021; 36(2): 100.     CrossRef
  • Changes in peak inspiratory flow rate and peak airway pressure with endotracheal tube size during chest compression
    Jung Wan Kim, Jin Woong Lee, Seung Ryu, Jung Soo Park, InSool Yoo, Yong Chul Cho, Hong Joon Ahn
    World Journal of Emergency Medicine.2020; 11(2): 97.     CrossRef
  • Mechanical Ventilation During Resuscitation: How Manual Chest Compressions Affect a Ventilator’s Function
    Tillmann Speer, Wolfgang Dersch, Björn Kleine, Christian Neuhaus, Clemens Kill
    Advances in Therapy.2017; 34(10): 2333.     CrossRef
Pulmonary
The Usefulness of Intensivist-Performed Bedside Drainage of Pleural Effusion via Ultrasound-Guided Pigtail Catheter
Joo Won Min, Joon Young Ohm, Byung Seok Shin, Jun Wan Lee, Sang Il Park, Seok Hwa Yoon, Yong Sup Shin, Dong Il Park, Chaeuk Chung, Jae Young Moon
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2014;29(3):177-182.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2014.29.3.177
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
There has been little data reporting the usefulness of intensivist-performed bedside drainage of pleural effusion via ultrasound (US)-guided pigtail catheter. The objective of this study is to clarify the usefulness and safety of these methods in comparison with radiologist-performed procedures.
METHODS
Data of patients with pleural effusion treated with US-guided pigtail catheter drainage were analyzed. All procedures were performed from September 2012 to September. 2013 by a well-trained intensivist or radiologist.
RESULTS
Pleural effusion was drained in 25 patients in 33 sessions. A radiologist performed 21 sessions, and an intensivist performed 12 sessions. Procedures during mechanical ventilation were performed in 15 (71.4%) patients by a radiologist and in 10 (83.3%) by an intensivist (p = 0.678). The success rate was not significantly different in radiologist- and intensivist-performed procedures, 95.2% (20/21) and 83.3% (10/12), respectively (p = 0.538). The average duration for procedures (including in-hospital transfer) was longer in radiologist-performed cases (p = 0.001). Although the results are limited because of the small population size, aggravation of oxygenation, CO2 retention, and decrease of mean arterial blood pressure were not statistically different in the groups. Pigtail-associated complications including hemothorax, pneumothorax, hepatic perforation, empyema, kink in the catheter, and subcutaneous hematoma were not found.
CONCLUSIONS
Intensivist-performed bedside drainage of pleural effusion via ultrasound (US)-guided pigtail catheter is useful and safe and may be recommended in some patients in an intensive care unit.
Case Report
Blunt Splenic Injury by Gunshot
Young Hoon Sul, Sang Il Lee, Kwang Sik Cheon, Jae Young Moon, Jun Wan Lee, In Sang Song
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(4):340-343.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2013.28.4.340
  • 2,838 View
  • 28 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Trauma is frequently not purely penetrating or purely blunt. Such mixed trauma can result from the mechanism of injury. Recently, we encountered a patient who accidentally shot himself with a shotgun. He had a 15 x 8-cm-sized penetrating injury on left flank that did not penetrate into the peritoneal cavity and a blunt splenic injury with hemoperitoneum. Surgical and interventional treatments were performed for each injury. We present this case with a review of the related literature.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care