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1 "Hyelin Lee"
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Case Report
Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava Detected Incidentally after Pulmonary Artery Catheterization
Hyun Jeong Lee, Namo Kim, Hyelin Lee, Jae Kwang Shim, Jong Wook Song
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(1):22-26.   Published online February 28, 2015
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We present a case of pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) placement through the right internal jugular vein, bridging vein and coronary sinus in a patient with previously unrecognized persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) and diminutive right superior vena cava. A 61-year-old male patient was scheduled for mitral valve repair for regurgitation. Preoperative transthoracic echocardiography revealed dilated coronary sinus, but no further evaluations were performed. During advancement of the PAC, right ventricular and pulmonary arterial pressure tracing was observed at 50 and 60 cm, respectively. Transesophageal echocardiography ruled out intracardiac knotting and revealed the presence of the PAC in the LSVC, entering the right ventricle from the coronary sinus. Diminutive right superior vena cava was observed after sternotomy. The PAC was left in place for 2 days postoperatively without any complications. This case emphasizes that the possibility of LSVC and associated anomalies should always be ruled out in patients with dilated coronary sinus.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Concept and Building of a Simulation Device to Check the Cardiac Output Measurement Through the Pulmonary Artery Catheter
    Caio Francisco Ternus de Abreu, Bernardo Ternus de Abreu
    Biomedical Materials & Devices.2024; 2(2): 968.     CrossRef
  • Transthoracic Echocardiography–Guided Placement of a Pulmonary Artery Catheter in a Patient With a Known Persistent Left but Unknown Absent Right Superior Vena Cava
    Jenna L. Leclerc, Raymond Clemes, Cristina Fuss, Conrad J. Macon, Peter M. Schulman
    Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care