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Case Report
Pulmonary
A fatal case report of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis and mucormycosis coinfection in an immunocompetent patient with coronavirus disease 2019 in Korea
Jin Hyoung Kim, Misung Kim, Soyeoun Lim, Sun Young Park, Yangjin Jegal, Taehoon Lee, Byung Ju Kang
Acute Crit Care. 2023;38(3):382-388.   Published online June 27, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2021.01340
  • 3,020 View
  • 102 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Systemic glucocorticoid treatment is highly recommended in critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. However, secondary fungal infections are of concern in such patients. Here, we describe the first case of COVID-19-associated invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) and COVID-19-associated mucormycosis (CAM) coinfection in a COVID-19 positive immunocompetent patient in Korea. A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with COVID-19 pneumonia. He had no underlying comorbidities and was not taking medications. He received remdesivir, dexamethasone, and antibiotic therapy under mechanical ventilation. Although his condition improved temporarily, multiple cavities were observed on chest computed tomography, and Aspergillus fumigatus was cultured from tracheal aspiration culture. He was diagnosed with probable CAPA and received voriconazole therapy. However, his condition was not significantly improved despite having received voriconazole therapy for 4 weeks. After release from COVID-19 quarantine, he underwent bronchoscopy examination and was then finally diagnosed with CAPA and CAM coinfection on bronchoscopic biopsy. Antifungal treatment was changed to liposomal amphotericin B. However, his progress deteriorated, and he died 4 months after admission. This case highlights that clinical suspicion and active checkups are required to diagnose secondary fungal infections in immunocompetent COVID-19 patients who receive concurrent glucocorticoid therapy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Mixed Aspergillosis and Mucormycosis Infections in Patients with COVID-19: Case Series and Literature Review
    Elahe Sasani, Farzad Pakdel, Sadegh Khodavaisy, Mohammadreza Salehi, Amir Salami, Marjan Sohrabi, Pouyan Aminishakiba, Iman Amirafzali, Arezoo Salami Khaneshan
    Mycopathologia.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of co‐existent COVID‐19‐associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) and its impact on early mortality in patients with COVID‐19‐associated pulmonary mucormycosis (CAPM)
    Valliappan Muthu, Ritesh Agarwal, Shivaprakash Mandya Rudramurthy, Deepak Thangaraju, Manoj Radhakishan Shevkani, Atul K. Patel, Prakash Srinivas Shastri, Ashwini Tayade, Sudhir Bhandari, Vishwanath Gella, Jayanthi Savio, Surabhi Madan, Vinaykumar Hallur,
    Mycoses.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Dual Disseminated Aspergillosis and Mucormycosis Diagnosed at Autopsy: A Report of Two Cases of Coinfection and a Review of the Literature
    Jason Murray, Zhen A. Lu, Karin Miller, Alex Meadows, Marissa Totten, Sean X. Zhang
    Journal of Fungi.2023; 9(3): 357.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and Fungal infections: a double debacle
    Sara Mina, Hajar Yaakoub, Cédric Annweiler, Vincent Dubée, Nicolas Papon
    Microbes and Infection.2022; 24(8): 105039.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Pediatrics
Characteristics, management and clinical outcomes of patients with sepsis: a multicenter cohort study in Korea
Kyeongman Jeon, Soo Jin Na, Dong Kyu Oh, Sunghoon Park, Eun Young Choi, Seok Chan Kim, Gil Myeong Seong, Jeongwon Heo, Youjin Chang, Won Gun Kwack, Byung Ju Kang, Won-Il Choi, Kyung Chan Kim, So Young Park, Sang Hyun Kwak, Yoon Mi Shin, Heung Bum Lee, So Hee Park, Jae Hwa Cho, Beongki Kim, Chae‐Man Lim
Acute Crit Care. 2019;34(3):179-191.   Published online July 1, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2019.00514
  • 8,597 View
  • 321 Download
  • 20 Web of Science
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Mortality rates associated with sepsis have increased progressively in Korea, but domestic epidemiologic data remain limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics, management and clinical outcomes of sepsis patients in Korea.
Methods
This study is a multicenter retrospective cohort study. A total of 64,021 adult patients who visited an emergency department (ED) within one of the 19 participating hospitals during a 1-month period were screened for eligibility. Among these, patients diagnosed with sepsis based on the third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) were included in the study.
Results
Using the Sepsis-3 criteria, 977 sepsis patients were identified, among which 36.5% presented with septic shock. The respiratory system (61.8%) was the most common site of infection. The pathogen involved was identified in 444 patients (45.5%) and multi-drug resistance (MDR) pathogens were isolated in 171 patients. Empiric antibiotic therapy was appropriate in 68.6% of patients, but the appropriateness was significantly reduced in infections associated with MDR pathogens as compared with non-MDR pathogens (58.8% vs. 76.0%, P<0.001). Hospital mortality was 43.2% and 18.5% in sepsis patients with and without shock, respectively. Of the 703 patients who survived to discharge, 61.5% were discharged to home and 38.6% were transferred to other hospitals or facilities.
Conclusions
This study found the prevalence of sepsis in adult patients visiting an ED in Korea was 1.5% (15.2/1,000 patients). Patients with sepsis, especially septic shock, had a high mortality and were often referred to step-down centers after acute and critical care.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Early Prediction of Mortality for Septic Patients Visiting Emergency Room Based on Explainable Machine Learning: A Real-World Multicenter Study
    Sang Won Park, Na Young Yeo, Seonguk Kang, Taejun Ha, Tae-Hoon Kim, DooHee Lee, Dowon Kim, Seheon Choi, Minkyu Kim, DongHoon Lee, DoHyeon Kim, Woo Jin Kim, Seung-Joon Lee, Yeon-Jeong Heo, Da Hye Moon, Seon-Sook Han, Yoon Kim, Hyun-Soo Choi, Dong Kyu Oh, S
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Charlotte Berninghausen, Frank Schwab, Alexander Gropmann, Bernd A. Leidel, Rajan Somasundaram, Lydia Hottenbacher, Petra Gastmeier, Sonja Hansen
    Infection.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Pre-Sepsis Length of Hospital Stay and Mortality: A Nationwide Multicenter Cohort Study
    Joong-Yub Kim, Hong Yeul Lee, Jinwoo Lee, Dong Kyu Oh, Su Yeon Lee, Mi Hyeon Park, Chae-Man Lim, Sang-Min Lee
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Development and validation of an interpretable model for predicting sepsis mortality across care settings
    Young Seok Lee, Seungbong Han, Ye Eun Lee, Jaehwa Cho, Young Kyun Choi, Sun-Young Yoon, Dong Kyu Oh, Su Yeon Lee, Mi Hyeon Park, Chae-Man Lim, Jae Young Moon, Sang‑Bum Hong, Suk‑Kyung Hong, Gee Young Suh, Kyeongman Jeon, Ryoung‑Eun Ko, Young‑Jae Cho, Yeon
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Platelet indices in critically ill septic patients as a predictor of mortality
    Rehab Salah Taha, Mohamed Elsayed Afandy, Abdelaziz Hamid Elbadawi, Mohamed Samir Abd El Ghafar
    Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia.2023; 39(1): 56.     CrossRef
  • Antibiogram of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria Based on Sepsis Onset Location in Korea: A Multicenter Cohort Study
    Hyung-Jun Kim, Dong Kyu Oh, Sung Yoon Lim, Young-Jae Cho, Sunghoon Park, Gee Young Suh, Chae-Man Lim, Yeon Joo Lee
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • HYPOTENSION AT THE TIME OF SEPSIS RECOGNITION IS NOT ASSOCIATED WITH INCREASED MORTALITY IN SEPSIS PATIENTS WITH NORMAL LACTATE LEVELS
    Ji Hwan Kim, Yong Kyun Kim, Dong Kyu Oh, Kyeongman Jeon, Ryoung-Eun Ko, Gee Young Suh, Sung Yun Lim, Yeon Joo Lee, Young-Jae Cho, Mi-Hyeon Park, Sang-Bum Hong, Chae-Man Lim, Sunghoon Park
    Shock.2023; 59(3): 360.     CrossRef
  • Mortality among adult patients with sepsis and septic shock in Korea: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Myeong Namgung, Chiwon Ahn, Yeonkyung Park, Il-Youp Kwak, Jungguk Lee, Moonho Won
    Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine.2023; 10(2): 157.     CrossRef
  • Effects of prior antiplatelet and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use on mortality in patients undergoing abdominal surgery for abdominal sepsis
    Se Hun Kim, Ki Hoon Kim
    Surgery.2023; 174(3): 611.     CrossRef
  • Clinical effects of bacteremia in sepsis patients with community-acquired pneumonia
    Tae Wan Kim, Se-Uk Lee, Boram Park, Kyeongman Jeon, Sunghoon Park, Gee Young Suh, Dong Kyu Oh, Soo Yeon Lee, Mi Hyeon Park, Haein Lee, Chae-man Lim, Ryoung-Eun Ko, Sang-Bum Hong, Suk-Kyung Hong, Yeon Joo Lee, Young-Jae Cho, Sung Yoon Lim, Jeongwon Heo, Ja
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Yong Jun Choi, Jae Hwa Cho
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2022; 65(3): 124.     CrossRef
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    Soo Jin Na, Dong Kyu Oh, Sunghoon Park, Yeon Joo Lee, Sang-Bum Hong, Mi-Hyun Park, Ryoung-Eun Ko, Chae-Man Lim, Kyeongman Jeon
    Shock.2022; 57(5): 659.     CrossRef
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    Critical Care.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Chan Hee Park, Jeong Woo Lee, Hak Jae Lee, Dong Kyu Oh, Mi Hyeon Park, Chae-Man Lim, Suk-Kyung Hong, Chae-Man Lim, Sang-Bum Hong, Dong Kyu Oh, Gee Young Suh, Kyeongman Jeon, Ryoung-Eun Ko, Young-Jae Cho, Yeon Joo Lee, Sung Yoon Lim, Sunghoon Park, Chae-Ma
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    L. I. Gomanova, A. Y. Brazhnikov
    Epidemiology and Vaccinal Prevention.2021; 20(3): 107.     CrossRef
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  • Review of 20 Years of Continuous Quality Improvement of a Rapid Response System, at Four Institutions, to Identify Key Process Responsible for Its Success
    Mary Anne Vandegrift, Robert Granata, Vicken Y. Totten, John Kellett, Frank Sebat
    Critical Care Explorations.2021; 3(8): e0448.     CrossRef
  • An Update on Sepsis Biomarkers
    Mi-Hee Kim, Jung-Hyun Choi
    Infection & Chemotherapy.2020; 52(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Normothermia in Patients With Sepsis Who Present to Emergency Departments Is Associated With Low Compliance With Sepsis Bundles and Increased In-Hospital Mortality Rate*
    Sunghoon Park, Kyeongman Jeon, Dong Kyu Oh, Eun Young Choi, Gil Myeong Seong, Jeongwon Heo, Youjin Chang, Won Gun Kwack, Byung Ju Kang, Won-Il Choi, Kyung Chan Kim, So Young Park, Yoon Mi Shin, Heung Bum Lee, So Hee Park, Seok Chan Kim, Sang Hyun Kwak, Ja
    Critical Care Medicine.2020; 48(10): 1462.     CrossRef
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    Youngjoon Kang
    Acute and Critical Care.2019; 34(3): 221.     CrossRef
  • Optimal antimicrobial therapy and antimicrobial stewardship in sepsis and septic shock
    Hyeri Seok, Dae Won Park
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2019; 62(12): 638.     CrossRef
  • Sepsis
    Yunghee Lee, Young-Jae Cho
    The Korean Journal of Medicine.2019; 94(6): 495.     CrossRef
Rapid response system
Rapid Response Systems Reduce In-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Arrest: A Pilot Study and Motivation for a Nationwide Survey
Yeonhee Park, Jong-Joon Ahn, Byung Ju Kang, Young Seok Lee, Sang-Ook Ha, Jin-Soo Min, Woo-Hyun Cho, Se-Hee Na, Dong-Hyun Lee, Seung-Yong Park, Goo-Hyeon Hong, Hyun-Jung Kim, Sangwoo Shim, Jung-Hyun Kim, Seok-Jeong Lee, So-Young Park, Jae Young Moon
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2017;32(3):231-239.   Published online August 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2017.00024
  • 8,119 View
  • 230 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
Early recognition of the signs and symptoms of clinical deterioration could diminish the incidence of cardiopulmonary arrest. The present study investigates outcomes with respect to cardiopulmonary arrest rates in institutions with and without rapid response systems (RRSs) and the current level of cardiopulmonary arrest rate in tertiary hospitals. Methods: This was a retrospective study based on data from 14 tertiary hospitals. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rate reports were obtained from each hospital to include the number of cardiopulmonary arrest events in adult patients in the general ward, the annual adult admission statistics, and the structure of the RRS if present. Results: Hospitals with RRSs showed a statistically significant reduction of the CPR rate between 2013 and 2015 (odds ratio [OR], 0.731; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.577 to 0.927; P = 0.009). Nevertheless, CPR rates of 2013 and 2015 did not change in hospitals without RRS (OR, 0.988; 95% CI, 0.868 to 1.124; P = 0.854). National university-affiliated hospitals showed less cardiopulmonary arrest rate than private university-affiliated in 2015 (1.92 vs. 2.40; OR, 0.800; 95% CI, 0.702 to 0.912; P = 0.001). High-volume hospitals showed lower cardiopulmonary arrest rates compared with medium-volume hospitals in 2013 (1.76 vs. 2.63; OR, 0.667; 95% CI, 0.577 to 0.772; P < 0.001) and in 2015 (1.55 vs. 3.20; OR, 0.485; 95% CI, 0.428 to 0.550; P < 0.001). Conclusions: RRSs may be a feasible option to reduce the CPR rate. The discrepancy in cardiopulmonary arrest rates suggests further research should include a nationwide survey to tease out factors involved in in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest and differences in outcomes based on hospital characteristics.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine Guidelines on Recognizing and Responding to Clinical Deterioration Outside the ICU: 2023
    Kimia Honarmand, Randy S. Wax, Daleen Penoyer, Geoffery Lighthall, Valerie Danesh, Bram Rochwerg, Michael L. Cheatham, Daniel P. Davis, Michael DeVita, James Downar, Dana Edelson, Alison Fox-Robichaud, Shigeki Fujitani, Raeann M. Fuller, Helen Haskell, Ma
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    Jaehoon Oh, Kyoung-Chul Cha, Jong-Hwan Lee, Seungmin Park, Dong-Hyeok Kim, Byung Kook Lee, Jung Soo Park, Woo Jin Jung, Dong Keon Lee, Young Il Roh, Tae Youn Kim, Sung Phil Chung, Young-Min Kim, June Dong Park, Han-Suk Kim, Mi Jin Lee, Sang-Hoon Na, Gyu C
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  • Intensivists' Direct Management without Residents May Improve the Survival Rate Compared to High-Intensity Intensivist Staffing in Academic Intensive Care Units: Retrospective and Crossover Study Design
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    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Ye-Ji Huh, Seongmi Moon, Eun Kyeung Song, Minyoung Kim
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2020; 32(5): 539.     CrossRef
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    Bo Young Lee, Sang-Bum Hong
    Acute and Critical Care.2019; 34(2): 108.     CrossRef
Case Report
Neurology/Obstetric
A Critical Case of Wernicke's Encephalopathy Induced by Hyperemesis Gravidarum
Byung Ju Kang, Min Gu Kim, Jwa Hoon Kim, Mingee Lee, Sang-Beom Jeon, Ha Il Kim, Jin Won Huh
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2015;30(2):128-131.   Published online May 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2015.30.2.128
  • 6,595 View
  • 98 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Wernicke’s encephalopathy is a reversible but potentially critical disease caused by thiamine deficiency. Most patients complain of symptoms such as ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and confusion. Heavy alcohol drinking is commonly associated with the disease, but other clinical conditions also can provoke it. In pregnant women, hyperemesis gravidarum can lead to the depletion of body thiamine due to poor oral intake and a high metabolic demand. We report a case of Wernicke’s encephalopathy following hyperemesis gravidarum in a 36-year-old female at 20 weeks of pregnancy, who visited our hospital because of shock with vaginal bleeding. This case suggests that although the initial presentation may include atypical symptoms (e.g., shock or bleeding), Wernicke’s encephalopathy should be considered, and thiamine replacement should be performed in pregnant women with neurologic symptoms and poor oral intake.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Wernicke's Encephalopathy in Acute and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review
    Erik Oudman, Jan W. Wijnia, David Severs, Misha J. Oey, Mirjam van Dam, Maaike van Dorp, Albert Postma
    Journal of Renal Nutrition.2024; 34(2): 105.     CrossRef
  • Intrauterine Fetal Demise: A Rare Complication of Wernicke's Encephalopathy Secondary to Hyperemesis Gravidarum
    Anthony Pham, Robin Okpara, Nancy Rollins, Roy Jacob
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Wernicke’s encephalopathy in hyperemesis gravidarum: A systematic review
    Erik Oudman, Jan W. Wijnia, Misha Oey, Mirjam van Dam, Rebecca C. Painter, Albert Postma
    European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology.2019; 236: 84.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care