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Samantha Asuncion 1 Article
Trauma
Clinical characteristics and outcomes of obstetric patients transferred directly to intensive care units
Saad Pirzada, Kimberly Boswell, Jerry Yang, Samantha Asuncion, Fernando Albelo, Amanda Tuchler, Lauren Becker, Allison Lankford, Emad Elsamadicy, Quincy K Tran
Acute Crit Care. 2024;39(1):138-145.   Published online February 15, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2023.01375
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
Medical complications in peripartum patients are uncommon. Often, these patients are transferred to tertiary care centers, but their conditions and outcomes are not well understood. Our study examined peripartum patients transferred to an intensive care unit (ICU) at an academic quaternary center. Methods: We reviewed charts of adult, non-trauma, interhospital transfer (IHT) peripartum patients sent to an academic quaternary ICU between January 2017 and December 2021. We conducted a descriptive analysis and used multivariable ordinal regression to examine associations of demographic and clinical factors with ICU length of stay (LOS) and hospital length of stay (HLOS). Results: Of 1,794 IHT peripartum patients, 60 (3.2%) were directly transferred to an ICU. The average was 32 years, with a median Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score of 3 (1–4.25) and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score of 8 (7–12). Respiratory failure was most common (32%), followed by postpartum hemorrhage (15%) and sepsis (14%). Intubation was required for 24 (41%), and 4 (7%) needed extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Only 1 (1.7%) died, while 45 (76.3%) were discharged. Median ICU LOS and HLOS were 5 days (212) and 8 days (5–17). High SOFA score was linked to longer HLOS, as was APACHE II. Conclusions: Transfers of critically ill peripartum patients between hospitals were rare but involved severe medical conditions. Despite this, their outcomes were generally positive. Larger studies are needed to confirm our findings.

ACC : Acute and Critical Care