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Manahil Imran 1 Article
Pulmonary
Comparison of characteristics and ventilatory course between coronavirus disease 2019 and Middle East respiratory syndrome patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
Imran Khalid, Romaysaa M Yamani, Maryam Imran, Muhammad Ali Akhtar, Manahil Imran, Rumaan Gul, Tabindeh Jabeen Khalid, Ghassan Y Wali
Acute Crit Care. 2021;36(3):223-231.   Published online July 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/acc.2021.00388
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  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Both coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS); however, their ARDS course and characteristics have not been compared, which we evaluate in our study.
Methods
MERS patients with ARDS seen during the 2014 outbreak and COVID-19 patients with ARDS admitted between March and December 2020 in our hospital were included, and their clinical characteristics, ventilatory course, and outcomes were compared.
Results
Forty-nine and 14 patients met the inclusion criteria for ARDS in the COVID-19 and MERS groups, respectively. Both groups had a median of four comorbidities with high Charlson comorbidity index value of 5 points (P>0.22). COVID-19 patients were older, obese, had significantly higher initial C-reactive protein (CRP), more likely to get trial of high-flow oxygen, and had delayed intubation (P≤0.04). The postintubation course was similar between the groups. Patients in both groups experienced a prolonged duration of mechanical ventilation, and majority received paralytics, dialysis, and vasopressor agents (P>0.28). The respiratory and ventilatory parameters after intubation (including tidal volume, fraction of inspired oxygen, peak and plateau pressures) and their progression over 3 weeks were similar (P>0.05). Rates of mortality in the ICU (53% vs. 64%) and hospital (59% vs. 64%) among COVID-19 and MERS patients (P≥0.54) were very high.
Conclusions
Despite some distinctive differences between COVID-19 and MERS patients prior to intubation, the respiratory and ventilatory parameters postintubation were not different. The higher initial CRP level in COVID-19 patients may explain the steroid responsiveness in this population.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Does COVID-19 Vaccine Impact the Soul? A Pre-post Vaccination Comparison of Health Care Workers’ Infection Control Practices and Perspectives
    Imran Khalid, Muhammad Ali Akhtar, Manahil Imran, Maryam Imran, Musaab Ahmed Mujalli, Moayad Sami Qashqari, Abeer N Alshukairi, Amina Nisar, Tabindeh Jabeen Khalid
    Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Advances in mRNA and other vaccines against MERS-CoV
    Wanbo Tai, Xiujuan Zhang, Yang Yang, Jiang Zhu, Lanying Du
    Translational Research.2022; 242: 20.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care