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Ahmed Mostafa Elmenshawy 1 Article
Study of the gut microbiome as a novel target for prevention of hospital-associated infections in intensive care unit patients
Suzan Ahmed Elfiky, Shwikar Mahmoud Ahmed, Ahmed Mostafa Elmenshawy, Gehad Mahmoud Sultan, Sara Lotfy Asser
Acute Crit Care. 2023;38(1):76-85.   Published online February 23, 2023
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are increasing due to the spread of multi-drugresistant organisms. Gut dysbiosis in an intensive care unit (ICU) patients at admission showed an altered abundance of some bacterial genera associated with the occurrence of HAIs and mortality. In the present study, we investigated the pattern of the gut microbiome in ICU patients at admission to correlate it with the development of HAIs during ICU stay. Methods: Twenty patients admitted to an ICU with a cross-matched control group of 30 healthy subjects of matched age and sex. Quantitative SYBR green real-time polymerase chain reaction was done for the identification and quantitation of selected bacteria. Results: Out of those twenty patients, 35% developed ventilator-associated pneumonia during their ICU stay. Gut microbiome analysis showed a significant decrease in Firmicutes and Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio in ICU patients in comparison to the control and in patients who developed HAIs in comparison to the control group and patients who did not develop HAIs. There was a statistically significant increase in Bacteroides in comparison to the control group. There was a statistically significant decrease in Bifidobacterium and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and an increase in Lactobacilli in comparison to the control group with a negative correlation between Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score and Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes and Prevotella to Bacteroides ratios. Conclusions: Gut dysbiosis of patients at the time of admission highlights the importance of identification of the microbiome of patients admitted to the ICU as a target for preventing of HAIs


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Antimicrobial Peptides and Their Assemblies
    Ana Maria Carmona-Ribeiro
    Future Pharmacology.2023; 3(4): 763.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care