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Injung Jun 1 Article
Sedation with Dexmedetomidine during Tracheostomy in Severe Tracheal Stenotic Patients
Injung Jun, Kye Min Kim, Sang Seok Lee, Byung Hoon Yoo, Yoo Yong Lee, Yun Hee Lim, Se Jin Song, Mun Cheol Kim
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2013;28(4):314-317.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In patients with severely compromised airways, a tracheostomy is usually performed under local anesthesia. Dexmedetomidine can be a better choice of sedative for such patients because it causes minimal respiratory depression. We report two cases of patients with severe stenosis of the airways who underwent sedation with dexmedetomidine during tracheostomy under local anesthesia. In the first case, recurrent laryngeal cancer caused laryngeal stenosis, and the narrowest laryngeal width was less than 3 mm. In the second case, the tracheostomy opening site was narrowed to a diameter of 3.4 mm in a patient with a history of total laryngectomy. For both patients, sedation was induced by dexmedetomidine infusion and the tracheostomy was performed successfully under local anesthesia without any events. Dexmedetomidine seems to be an effective and safe sedative for tracheostomies in patients with critical airways. The management and implications of sedation with dexmedetomidine in the patients with severe stenotic airways are discussed.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Dexmedetomidine and emergency front of neck access for acute stridor in advanced laryngeal carcinoma: Anesthetic challenges
    Neelakshi Koul, Uma Hariharan, Amit Kumar, Nidhi Yadav, VijayKumar Nagpal
    Journal of Indian College of Anaesthesiologists.2022; 1(1): 30.     CrossRef
  • Comment contrôler les voies aériennes en présence de masses cervicomédiastinales ?
    Fabien Espitalier, Marc Laffon
    Le Praticien en Anesthésie Réanimation.2015; 19(4): 172.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care