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Hee Joon Baek 1 Article
Nutrition Support in the Intensive Care Unit of 6 Korean Tertiary Teaching Hospitals: A National Multicenter Observational Study
Song Mi Lee, Seon Hyeung Kim, Yoon Kim, Eunmee Kim, Hee Joon Baek, Seungmin Lee, Hosun Lee, Chul Ho Chang, Cheung Soo Shin
Korean J Crit Care Med. 2012;27(3):157-164.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4266/kjccm.2012.27.3.157
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Malnutrition is a frequent nutritional problem among ICU patients, and their nutritional status is known to affect clinical prognosis. We conducted this study to examine nutritional status and actual nutrition delivery in the ICU patients and its relations to clinical outcomes.
METHODS
This study was a multicenter retrospective observational study based on the medical records of 163 patients admitted to ICU of tertiary teaching hospitals in Korea. We included the patients who were treated with mechanical ventilation for 3 or more days and received enteral or parenteral nutrition.
RESULTS
According to albumin and total lymphocyte count levels, 54.6% of the subjects were moderately or severely malnourished. Mean percentage of calorie and protein delivery to estimated needs for 10 days were 55.8 +/- 29.3% and 46.1 +/- 30.1%, respectively. While parenteral nutrition (PN) started at 1.6 +/- 1.4 days after admission, enteral nutrition (EN) did at 3.6 +/- 2.1 days. Days to PN and EN start, the calorie and protein amount via EN or PN were significantly different among 6 hospitals. No clinical outcomes differed by the levels of calorie or protein delivery. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in the severely malnourished group at admission as compared to the other 2 groups (54.3% vs. 31.2% vs. 27.7%, p < 0.05) CONCLUSIONS: Malnutrition prevalence is high among Korean intensive care unit patients, but current nutritional therapy practice is inconsistent across institutions and far below the international guidelines. Systematic efforts should be made to develop nutritional support guidelines for Korean ICU patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nutritional Status of Intensive Care Unit Patients According to the Referral to the Nutrition Support Team and Compliance with the Recommendations
    Yunjin Sohn, Taisun Hyun
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2022; 27(2): 121.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of the nutritional indicators of critically Ill patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygen (ECMO)
    Nah-Mee Shin, Suk Yeon Ha, Yoon Soo Cho
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2021; 54(5): 489.     CrossRef
  • The impact of multidisciplinary nutritional team involvement on nutritional care and outcomes in a medical intensive care unit
    H J Jo, D B Shin, B K Koo, E S Ko, H J Yeo, W H Cho
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2017; 71(11): 1360.     CrossRef
  • The effect of nutritional supply on clinical outcomes and nutritional status in critically ill patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy
    Ju Yeun Kim, Ji-Myung Kim, Yuri Kim
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2015; 48(3): 211.     CrossRef

ACC : Acute and Critical Care